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Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________
Chapter 9 Workpacket
Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. Single-interest groups try to affect elections based on
a. the candidate's party affiliation.
b. the broad views of all the candidates.
c. each candidate's stand, in regard to the groups' interests.
d. which party is in power at the time.
2. All of the following are goals of interest groups EXCEPT
a. building a positive image for their group.
b. being chiefly interested in winning elections and controlling government.
c. promoting a particular public policy.
d. supplying the public with information they believe the people should have.
3. All of the following organizations serve the interests of organized labor EXCEPT the
a. National Grange.
c. United Mine Workers.
b. United Transportation Union.
4. Common Cause and the League of Women Voters are examples of
a. public-interest groups.
c. economic groups.
b. business groups.
d. private pressure groups.
5. One way interest groups become involved in the election process is by
a. having members secretly join political parties.
b. nominating candidates for office.
c. changing into a labor union.
d. providing campaign funds.
6. A public-interest group is different from any other interest group because it
a. hides its activities and beliefs from the public.
b. works to benefit many or all people, regardless of their affiliations.
c. chooses to work for more specific goals rather than broader goals.
d. focuses on the roles that make Americans different from one another.
7. A positive aspect of interest groups is that they
a. have a strong influence on political parties.
b. eliminate the need for factions in government.
c. help stimulate interest in public affairs.
d. use propaganda to influence public policy.
8. Propaganda is a technique
a. used to express the truth about a matter of public policy.
b. based on logical conclusions.
c. used to influence people to adopt a particular belief.
d. that depends upon people's preferences.
Name: ________________________
9. A labor union is an organization of workers who
a. represent the interests of the business community.
b. work on farms.
c. work in the same job or industry.
d. hold exactly the same political beliefs.
10. PACs that concentrate their efforts on one particular issue are also called
a. public-interest groups.
c. single-interest groups.
b. labor unions.
d. trade associations.
11. Organized interest groups apply pressure to government through all of the following means EXCEPT
a. contributing to political campaigns through their PACs.
b. lobbying.
c. forming minor political parties.
d. the use of propaganda.
12. Lobbyists today are people who generally
a. work within the governmental process to affect policies.
b. work illegally to get their group's needs met.
c. are hired by the government to support certain policies.
d. use unfair propaganda to get a group's point across.
13. Public affairs are those events and issues
a. that are held or discussed in public places.
b. that concern only the President and the executive branch.
c. that concern all or most people.
d. that concern only officeholders in government.
14. Propaganda techniques aim to be
a. immoral.
c. objective.
b. persuasive.
d. unethical.
15. All of the following are propaganda techniques EXCEPT
a. presenting only one side of an issue.
b. using glittering generalities.
c. the bandwagon approach.
d. supporting a government policy change.
16. All of the following are examples of groups that promote causes EXCEPT the
a. National Rifle Association.
c. American Civil Liberties Union.
b. American Legion.
d. Sierra Club.
17. Common Cause and the League of Women Voters are examples of
a. trade associations.
c. public-interest groups.
b. groups that promote causes.
d. religious organizations.
18. Most interest groups are formed on the basis of
a. economic interests.
c. religious interests.
b. the interests of all citizens.
d. geographic interests.
19. Lobbying is the process by which group pressures are applied to
a. legislative bodies.
b. executive agencies.
c. judicial courts.
d. all aspects of the public policy-making process.
Name: ________________________
____ 20. An interest group tries to persuade people to
a. respond to its members' shared attitudes.
b. find ways to cooperate privately.
c. nominate certain members for public office.
d. join a political party.
____ 21. Trade associations usually represent
a. farm workers.
c. the business community.
b. labor unions.
d. non-profit groups.
____ 22. Interest groups are also called pressure groups mainly because
a. belonging to a group can create pressure, or stress, in one's life.
b. they put pressure on individuals to join in the group's interests.
c. they seek to put pressure on the government to affect policies.
d. they put pressure on group members to act in certain ways.
____ 23. Interest groups know that public opinion is important because
a. laws cannot be passed in opposition of public opinion.
b. no group can provide enough information to alter public opinion.
c. a candidate cannot gain office without full public support.
d. no policy will stay in place very long without public support.
____ 24. Interest groups are MOST interested in
a. nominating specific candidates for office.
b. affecting a broad range of public policy issues.
c. influencing specific public policies.
d. winning a broad range of elections.
____ 25. The term grass roots refers to
a. trade associations.
c. average voters.
b. party politicians.
d. interest groups.