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- Revision Questions
Population Dynamics
Describe the term ‘fertility rate’ (2)
Outline one impact of falling fertility rates (2)
Explain one reason why some countries have a high birth rate (2)
Describe the changes that have occurred in stage 3 of the Demographic Transition Model (4)
Describe two impacts of an ageing population (4)
Define the term underpopulation (2)
Outline one reason why mortality rates are rising in some countries (2)
Explain why global population growth rates are slowing down (3)
Describe one economic reason why fertility rate might fall in a country (2)
For a named country, explain why it has pro-natalist policies (4)
Describe the impacts of anti – natalist policies for a named country (4)
Describe two ways in which a government might limit the number of immigrants (4)
What are the benefits for a named country of having an open door policy (4)
Describe how skills tests are used to limit the number of migrants allowed into a country (3)
Consuming Resources
Define the term ‘renewable resource’ (2)
For a named resource, explain why there are costs and benefits of using it (4)
Using examples, explain why some countries use more resources than others (4)
Explain why population growth may be a good thing. (4)
Describe one impact of a rapidly growing population (2)
Outline Boserups’ theory on population (4)
Outline Malthus’ theory on population growth (4)
Describe two ways an individual can reduce their ecological footprint (4)
Define the term ‘sustainable development’ (2)
Describe one way in which the use of alternative or renewable resources help sustainability (2)
Explain the problems faced in the future by countries that use traditional fuels (wood, animal , plant waste) (2)
For a named resource, describe the inequalities in its consumption (4)
Why as countries develop do their ecological footprints also increase? (2)
Describe two problems created by the production of waste (4)
Living Spaces
Identify two economic reasons why some living spaces are less attractive to people in work (2)
State two reasons why young people might not want to live in rural areas (2)
Define the term ‘rural idyll’ (2)
Outline two reasons why young people might be attracted to urban living spaces (4)
What is meant by the term, ‘retirement migration’ (2)
Describe the advantages and disadvantages of living abroad when people retire (4)
With reference to a named location, explain why some cities in the developing world are growing very fast (4)
Describe the pull factors for people moving to the countryside in developed countries (4)
Explain why the quality of living spaces in some rural areas is under increasing pressure (4)
Using an example, explain why the population of some inner city areas has risen in recent years (4)
Outline two ways in which a city can be more sustainable (4)
With reference to a named city, explain the ways in which it is becoming more sustainable (4)
Suggest one reason why it is difficult to make cities sustainable (2)
Making a Living
Outline the meaning of the term ‘employment in the tertiary sector’ (2)
Outline the meaning of the term, ‘de-industrialisation’ (2)
Define the term ‘informal economy’ (2)
Using a named example, explain why the informal economy is growing in some cities (4)
Outline the changes in employment structure shown in the Clark Fisher Model (4)
Describe two ways de-industrialisation can affect the environment (4)
What is a brownfield site (2)
Describe the characteristics of one job in the green economy (3)
Using examples, explain how the growth of industries in developing countries can bring both benefits and costs (4)
Name an area that has suffered de-industrialisation, outline the economic and social problems caused and the
attempts to solve these problems. (4)
Changing Cities
Outline the meaning of the term ;ecological footprint’ (2)
Using examples, explain why ecological footprints vary depending on location (4)
Explain, using examples why some cities in developing countries have smaller ecological footprints (4)
Outline one way in which resources used by a large city affects other parts of the country (2)
Explain two ways in which post –industrial cities have reduced their ecological footprint (4)
Using a named example, explain how cities can reduce their ecological footprint (4)
Identify one characteristic of a sustainable transport system (2)
Outline on way that green consumerism can help the environment (2)
Describe two ways energy saving can be achieved by consumers (4)
Explain how local areas can reduce their carbon footprint (4)
With reference to your local area, describe how transport could be made more sustainable (6)
Development Dilemmas
Explain why very poor rural regions seem to be trapped in a vicious cycle of poverty (3)
Outline one reason why life expectancy is often lower in rural regions in the developing world (2)
Identify two features of top-down development projects (2)
For a project you have studied, outline one possible weakness of botton up development strategies (4)
For a top down project you have studied, explain why there are always winners and losers (6)
Define the term ‘intermediate technology’ (2)
Outline two characteristics of bottom- up development projects (4)
For a bottom up development project you have studied , state two economic benefits of this scheme (4)
Give one reason why bottom up projects might be more suitable for poor rural area (2)
Identify two features of sustainable rural development projects (2)
Outline one reason why eco-footprints in developing countries are likely to rise on the future (2)
For a country or region you have studied, compare the contribution of top-down and bottom-up developments to
its’ overall development (6)
For a named developing country, explain the differences between the urban core and the rural periphery (6)
Suggest reasons why clean water is important to rural development (3)