Download Forms of Energy Remember there are Two types of Energy

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Forms of Energy
Remember there are Two types of Energy: Potential and Kinetic.
Can you identify some various sources of energy?
Chemical Energy (Potential)
Chemical energy is the energy stored in the bonds of atoms and
Biomass, petroleum, natural gas, propane, batteries, and coal are
examples of stored chemical energy.
Chemical Energy (Potential)
Chemical energy is the energy stored in the bonds of atoms and
Nuclear Energy (Potential)
Nuclear energy is the energy stored in the nucleus of an atom.
This is the energy that holds the nucleus together.
The nucleus of a uranium atom is an example of nuclear energy.
Stored mechanical energy (Potential)
Stored mechanical energy is energy stored in objects by the
application of a force.
Compressed springs and stretched rubber bands are examples
of stored mechanical energy.
Gravitational Energy (Potential)
Gravitational energy is the energy of place or position.
Example: Water in a reservoir
behind a hydropower dam is an
example of gravitational
potential energy. When the
water is released to spin the
turbines, it becomes motion
Generating Electricty
Motion Energy (Kinetic)
The movement of objects from one place to another is motion.
Wind and hydropower are examples of motion.
Radiant Energy (Kinetic)
Radiant energy is electromagnetic energy that travels in transverse
Radiant energy includes visible light, x-rays, gamma rays and radio
waves. Solar energy is an example of radiant energy.
Thermal Energy (Kinetic)
Thermal energy (or heat) is the internal energy in substances - the
vibration and movement of atoms and molecules within substances.
Geothermal energy is an example of thermal energy.
Sound Energy (Kinetic)
Sound is the movement of energy through substances in
longitudinal (compression/ rarefaction) waves.
Electrical Energy (Kinetic)
Electrical energy is the movement of electrons.
Lightning and electricity are examples of electrical energy.
Converting Energy
Energy can be converted from one form to another. There are many
methods that can be used.
Look at the following examples and determine which type of energy
conversions occurred.
Turn a flashlight on
A tree growing
Pouring water into a glass
Rubbing two sticks together to start a fire
Using a magnifying glass to ignite a piece of paper
“Show and Tell”
Many technological devices are designed to convert energy from one
form to a form suitable for a given purpose.
Next day, bring a device to class for discussion that converts energy.
Research Assignment
Electricity can be produced in a number of ways:
• Turbines in nuclear plants
• Hydroelectric stations
• Fossil fuels
• Solar panels/collectors
• Windmills
• Batteries
• Hydrogen cells
Select an example of an electricity source and create a pamphlet
explaining the system that produces the electricity.