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Release Date: March 16-22 12-b Especially for and , their e I By BETTY DEBNAM from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam e 1991 Universal Press Syndicat. The Constitution and ... \!rbe l\igbts of Women The Mini Page celebrates Women's History Month with a story about the Constitution and women's suffrage, which means the right to vote. This right was guaranteed in 1920 by the 19th Amendment. Abigail Adams Abigail Adams was an outstanding woman who lived more than 200 years ago in Colonial times. She had a great deal of influence upon her husband, John, who became our Abigail Adams second (1744-1818) president. She was a very good letter writer. One subject she was interested in was the role of women. In 1776 her husband was a delegate to the convention that was writing the Declaration of Independence from England. "Remember the ladies," she advised him, " . .. or we will not hold ourselves bound by any laws in which we have no voice." This is the fifth in a series about the Bill of Rights and other important amendments. Educational consultants: Wynell Schamel and Jean West, education specialists at the National Archives. Women who fought for the right to vote were called /lsuffragettes./I They sometimes marched and demonstrated for their cause. yet a state, Wyoming became the first area of our country to give women the right to The Constitution did not say that women vote. But women across the nation still could not vote. could not vote. It left the question of who was qualified It took 133 years, from the time the Conto vote up to each state. stitution was signed in 1787 to when the 19th Amendment was approved in 1920, Each state had its own qualifications, or rules, for who could vote. for women to win the right to vote in all At first, only white males who owned pro- elections. perty were allowed to vote in most states. r---------------~ Women in most states were not allowed Susan B. Anthony was the most outstanding to vote in any elections. Many felt this was women's suffrage . leader. She helped unfaIr. found the National From the 1850s on, women fought for the Woman Suffrage right to vote. In 1872, Susan B. Anthony was Association. Susan B. Anthony arrested for trying to vote. (1820-1906) In 1869, while it was a territory and not The struggle Please include all of the appropriate register~4 tJ'iJ"~mark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®. ~ 12-2 Release Date: March 16-22 from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam © 1991 Universal Press Syndicate Threatened Species The grizzly bear ... • is threatened because its habitat has been destroyed by logging. Some are killed when they come into contact with humans. • is very big and has no fear of humans or other animals. A grown male can reach a shoulder height of about 4 feet and,weigh from 300 to 850 pounds. A female is slightly smaller. • hibernates in the winter. It likes to make its den beneath the roots of a a tree. It will stay there for about five months without food or water. It The grizzly bear has heavy brown fur, humped shoulders, a long snout, and long, curved front claws. a ~ This is the 14th in a series about endangered and threatened species. Source: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. • . . HI C> The grizzly bear is found in the northwestern states shaded above. It is found in great numbers in Alaska and Canada. from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam to 1991 Universal Press Syndicate ~Rookie Cookie's Recipe Peach Cobbler You'll need: • 1 16-0unce can peaches • 1 teaspoon cinnamon • 1/4 cup margarine, softened • 1 cup brown sugar • 3/4 cup all-purpose flour What to do: 1. Place peaches, including syrup, in bottom of greased 8-by-8inch baking dish. 2. Sprinkle cinnamon on top. 3. Combine margarine, brown sugar and flour in a medium bowl. Mix until crumbly. 4. Spread flour mixture evenly over peaches. 5. Bake in a preheated 4OO-degree oven for 30 minutes. Serves 6. ~ B. Literate and Alpha Betty's ~ ~ You Need 10 Read ~ The letter U is a vowel. It has two sounds. The long sound of U says its name. Can you read these words with. the ~ long sound of U? Find the word we missed. :g :; £ Uu ~,,~~$m~~~~:;'~~~;:;U"W~:",:. from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam to 1991 Universal Pre•• Syndicate Mini Spy lives off the fat it has stored in its body. • female gives birth to from one to four cubs. They are born blind, hairless and weighing only 1 pound. • eats dead animals such as elk, deer and cattle. It also eats grass, fish, wild fruit, nuts, insects, bulbs and roots, and food from garbage dumps. ~~ • • Mini Spy and her friends are in a march for women's rights. See if you can find: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • heart arrow number 7 sailboat letter H word MINI banana canoe pliers frypan bread loaf envelope peanut ruler pencil ~ \l0\) ~ll CGJIHI1r § FIND Words about women's rights are hidden in the block below. See if you can find: NINETEENTH, RIGHTS, SUFFRAGE, VOTE, FIGHT, DEMONSTRATE, EQUAL, AMENDMENT, STANTON, ANTHONY, MOTT, MARCH, FAIR, FEMALE, GOVERNMENT, LAWS, POLLS, WOMEN. AJ PUAMENDMENTBV STANTONBKPOLLSO ACGOVERNMENTLQT NRFEMALEWOMENEE TIFMRNINETEENTH HGLAWSCEQUALGMF OHDEMONSTRATEOA NTHSUFFRAGEVWTI YSMARCHIFIGHTTR Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®. - - -, ---------------------,.12-3 (9, Release Date: March 16-22 The Making of the Constitution Poster is an attractive black-and-white poster (17-by-20-inch) featuring a Constitution time-line. Important dates are highlighted by photos and drawings. To order, send $2 plus 75 cents postage and handling per poster. Send only cbecks or money orders payable to Andrews and McMeel. Allow 4-6 weeks for delivery. Send to The Making of the Constitution Poster, P.O. Box 419150, Kansas City, Mo. 64141. ~ Help Alpha Mouse find the voting booth. She wants to vote today. '0 ~ U> Todll'f -+ -+ ..E 1 " .~ -+--+-1 T + - - +:- 1 c ::J g: .... Q t ~ C .ll Q + -jlt-+-+ ~ '"..." .." .ll 0: :5 ~" " 6 .g I-i o ...... o u '"0 § from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam Ii:> 1991 Universal Press Syndicate ....o Meet Mariah Carey '"0 ....o ..... o '"0 o l? • • () • ~. • -c<l 1 • from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam to 1991 Universal Press Syndicate Attention, Students, Teachers and Parents! Learn about languages with The Mini Page issues on French, Spanish, Italian, German, Russian and Japanese. Reprints are available as a set or individually - all issues feature games and activities to make learning fun. Each issue is 11 by 17 inches and includes a Teacher's Guide. It's excellent resource material for use in the classroom and at home. The top new singer to come along last year was Mariah Carey. Her debut album was a No.1 seller. Singing is all Mariah, 20, has ever wanted to do. She was raised in New York, the youngest of three children. Her mother is a voice teacher and former opera singer. Mariah was named after a song from a popular musical. The day after graduating from high school, Mariah began her singing career. She wrote songs during the day and was a waitress at night. Her big break came when she gave a tape of her songs to the president of a record company. ~ MIGHTYTr0vfT° ° ~FUNNy'sl1\Jilnffin JJ @ ~ n~ @~ WHY WOULD YOU BRING A PET SKUNK TO SCHOOL? Name _______________________________________________ Address _____________________________________________ City _______________________________________________ State ______________________________ Zip _____________ French _______ (q uant ity) Spanish Italian German Russian Japanese (Sent in by Benjamin Goode) $ ________ ($1 each ) $ ________ $ ________ Q: What kind of pliers do you use in $ _______ $ _ _____ $ _ _____ class? A: Multipliers! ORDER ALL SIX LANGUAGES AND SAVE $1.00 PER SET! Set of 6 _ _ _ _ (quantity) $ _ ___ _ _ ($5 per set) TOTAL $ Price includes pos tage and handling. Send only checks or money orders payable to Andrews and McMeel. Allow 4-6 weeks for delivery. Send to Min i Page Language Series, P.O . Box 419150, Kansas City, Mo. 64141. (Bulk discount information will be provided upon request .) T"'~~~;";;~ ~ "2 ::J ~ Q ~ C .ll o" t '"~ Q: What do you call a frightened skin Z diver? A: Chicken of the sea! :5 ' Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®. "~ J ~ 12-4 (91) Release Date: March 16-22 from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam e 1991 Universal Press Syndicate \!rbe ~igbt5 of Women First women's rights meeting In 1848, the first women's rights convention was held in Seneca Falls, N.Y. About 300 people attended. Lucretia Mott (1793-1880) was a Quaker minister. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) was a speaker and writer. Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were leaders. The black leader Frederick Douglass also attended. He spoke out for the right of women to vote. The group made a list of the ways they felt women were being treated unfairly and demanded the right to vote. Using the words of the Declaration of Independence, they said: 'We hold these truths to be selfevident (obvious): that all men and women are created equal." way to the Supreme Court. She argued that she had the right according to the 14th Amendment. It says, in part, that: "All persons born ... in the United States ... are citizens of the state wherein they reside (live)." Mrs. Minor's lawyer argued that the amendment also says that no state can pass laws that take away rights of U.s. citizens. In 1875 the Supreme Court ruled that being a citizen did not give women the right to vote. States could deny women the right to vote if their legislatures voted to do so. State by state Since the Supreme Court had ruled against them, the women decided to try to win the right to vote by working to get each state to pass laws granting them this right. Women's chances of getting the vote improved during World War I because they helped a lot with the war effort. By the end of the war, women could vote in about half of the states. The amendment The workers for women's voting rights decided that working one state at a time would take too long. They wanted an amendment to the Constitution of the United States that would give all women the right to vote in all elections. In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the Constitution was finally approved. It says, in part: liThe right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex." The Equal Rights Amendment In the 1970s and early 1980s, there were many demonstrations in favor of the Equal Rights Amendment. Women take their fight for voting rights into court B 11111/\ Minor v. Happersett Some women decided to test the laws against women voting by going to the polls and trying to vote. In 1872, a woman named Virginia Minor went to register, or sign up, to vote. The man who was to register her, Reese Happersett, refused to do so. Mrs. Minor took her case all the Over the years, many women have worked for an Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution. This amendment would give women equal rights in all areas, not just in voting. In 1972, an Equal Rights Amendment, or ERA, as it was called, was passed by Congress. It said: "Equality of rights shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of sex." To become law, the amendment had to be approved by 38 states within nine years. It passed in only 35 states by the time of deadline, so it was not ratified. It was not approved for many reasons. Some people felt that women already had equal rights. Others worried about the changes rights might bring. Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®. r 12-5 (91) Release Date: March 16-22 Leamhow women got the right to vote in ik iht""jQUl1i '~Wg;""::~ ~ '9l >'.?:; by Betty Debnam Appearing in your newspaper on ___ _ (Note to Editor: Above is camera-ready, one columnby-41/ 4-inch ad promoting Issue 12.) 'Thf~A':"i from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam © 1990 Universal Press Syndicate Teac\ter's GUIde For use by teachers and parents at home and at school. For use with issue: The Rights of Women Main Idea: This issue is about the 19th Amendment giving women the right to vote. The following is a list of activities to be used with this issue. They are listea in order of difficulty, with the easier pre-reader assignments listed first. Ask the children to do the following: 1. Count the number of photos of people. What did each person do? 2. Look through your newspaper for pictures of famous women. Which do you recognize? 3. What do you think the United States was like before women were given the right to vote? Why do you think they were not allowed to vote? How would you feel if a woman became president of the United States? What woman do you especially admire and why? 4. Draw a picture of a famous woman you admire. 5. Create a poster for Women's History Month. 6. Circle all the years. Which is the most recent? Which is the oldest? What is the difference between the two? In what year was the 19th Amendment passed? How many years ago was that? 7. Find the following words: amendment, bound, convention, right, citizen, demonstrated, effort, unfair, register, suffrage, equality, delegate. Define and make up a new sentence for each one. 8. Do more research on a woman mentioned in this issue. 9. Write a one-act play about a woman voting for the first time after the 19th Amendment was passed. 10. Look through your paper for articles that would be of interest to women today. (Note to Editor: Above is the Teacher's Guide for Issue 12.) Goldie Goodsport's Beport Supersport: Eva Twardokens Height 5-5 Weight 130 Birthdate: 4-28-65 College: California-SantaCruz Eva Twardokens is one of the top women skiers on the U.s. ski team. She is a very good slalom skier. Last year was one of her best. She came in first in the slalom at a race in Spain. She was second in four races and third in three. Eva won the bronze medal at the 1985 World Championships. That same year she was the national champion in the giant slalom. Eva is working to get her private pilot's license. She is also a good boardsailor. Her parents are from Poland. (Note to Editor: Above is copy block for Page 3, Issue 12, to be used in place of ad if desired.) Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®.