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Transcript
Release Date: March 16-22
12-b
Especially
for
and
,
their
e
I
By BETTY DEBNAM
from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam e 1991 Universal Press Syndicat.
The Constitution and ...
\!rbe l\igbts of Women
The Mini Page celebrates
Women's History Month with
a story about the Constitution
and women's suffrage, which
means the right to vote. This
right was guaranteed in 1920
by the 19th Amendment.
Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
was an outstanding woman who
lived more than
200 years ago in
Colonial times.
She had a great
deal of influence
upon her
husband, John,
who became our
Abigail Adams
second
(1744-1818)
president.
She was a very good letter writer.
One subject she was interested in was
the role of women.
In 1776 her husband was a delegate
to the convention that was writing the
Declaration of Independence from
England.
"Remember the ladies," she advised
him, " . .. or we will not hold ourselves
bound by any laws in which we have
no voice."
This is the fifth in a series
about the Bill of Rights and
other important amendments.
Educational consultants:
Wynell Schamel and Jean
West, education specialists at
the National Archives.
Women who fought for the right to vote were called /lsuffragettes./I They sometimes marched and
demonstrated for their cause.
yet a state, Wyoming became the first area
of our country to give women the right to
The Constitution did not say that women vote. But women across the nation still
could not vote.
could not vote.
It left the question of who was qualified
It took 133 years, from the time the Conto vote up to each state.
stitution was signed in 1787 to when the
19th Amendment was approved in 1920,
Each state had its own qualifications, or
rules, for who could vote.
for women to win the right to vote in all
At first, only white males who owned pro- elections.
perty were allowed to vote in most states.
r---------------~
Women in most states were not allowed
Susan B. Anthony was
the most outstanding
to vote in any elections. Many felt this was
women's suffrage
.
leader. She helped
unfaIr.
found the National
From the 1850s on, women fought for the
Woman Suffrage
right to vote. In 1872, Susan B. Anthony was
Association.
Susan
B.
Anthony
arrested for trying to vote.
(1820-1906)
In 1869, while it was a territory and not
The struggle
Please include all of the appropriate register~4 tJ'iJ"~mark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®.
~
12-2
Release Date: March 16-22
from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam © 1991 Universal Press Syndicate
Threatened Species
The grizzly bear ...
• is threatened because its habitat
has been destroyed by logging. Some
are killed when they come into contact with humans.
• is very big and has no fear of
humans or other animals. A grown
male can reach a shoulder height of
about 4 feet and,weigh from 300 to
850 pounds. A female is slightly
smaller.
• hibernates in the winter. It likes
to make its den beneath the roots of a
a tree. It will stay there for about five
months without food or water. It
The grizzly bear has heavy brown fur, humped
shoulders, a long snout, and long, curved front
claws.
a
~
This is the 14th in a series
about endangered and
threatened species. Source:
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service.
• . . HI
C>
The grizzly bear is found in the northwestern
states shaded above. It is found in great
numbers in Alaska and Canada.
from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam to 1991 Universal Press Syndicate
~Rookie Cookie's Recipe
Peach Cobbler
You'll need:
• 1 16-0unce can peaches
• 1 teaspoon cinnamon
• 1/4 cup margarine, softened
• 1 cup brown sugar
• 3/4 cup all-purpose flour
What to do:
1. Place peaches, including syrup, in bottom of greased 8-by-8inch baking dish.
2. Sprinkle cinnamon on top.
3. Combine margarine, brown sugar and flour in a medium
bowl. Mix until crumbly.
4. Spread flour mixture evenly over peaches.
5. Bake in a preheated 4OO-degree oven for 30 minutes. Serves 6.
~ B. Literate and Alpha Betty's ~
~
You Need 10 Read
~
The letter U is a vowel. It has two sounds. The long sound
of U says its name. Can you read these words with. the
~
long sound of U? Find the word we missed.
:g
:;
£
Uu
~,,~~$m~~~~:;'~~~;:;U"W~:",:.
from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam to 1991 Universal Pre•• Syndicate
Mini Spy
lives off the fat it has stored in its
body.
• female gives birth to from one
to four cubs. They are born blind,
hairless and weighing only 1
pound.
• eats dead animals such as elk,
deer and cattle. It also eats grass,
fish, wild fruit, nuts, insects, bulbs
and roots, and food from garbage
dumps.
~~
• •
Mini Spy and her friends are in a march for women's rights. See
if you can find:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
heart
arrow
number 7
sailboat
letter H
word MINI
banana
canoe
pliers
frypan
bread loaf
envelope
peanut
ruler
pencil
~
\l0\)
~ll CGJIHI1r §
FIND
Words about women's rights are hidden in the block below. See
if you can find: NINETEENTH, RIGHTS, SUFFRAGE,
VOTE, FIGHT, DEMONSTRATE, EQUAL, AMENDMENT,
STANTON, ANTHONY, MOTT, MARCH, FAIR, FEMALE,
GOVERNMENT, LAWS, POLLS, WOMEN.
AJ PUAMENDMENTBV
STANTONBKPOLLSO
ACGOVERNMENTLQT
NRFEMALEWOMENEE
TIFMRNINETEENTH
HGLAWSCEQUALGMF
OHDEMONSTRATEOA
NTHSUFFRAGEVWTI
YSMARCHIFIGHTTR
Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®.
-
-
-,
---------------------,.12-3 (9,
Release Date: March 16-22
The Making of the Constitution Poster is an attractive black-and-white poster
(17-by-20-inch) featuring a Constitution time-line. Important dates are highlighted
by photos and drawings. To order, send $2 plus 75 cents postage and handling
per poster. Send only cbecks or money orders payable to Andrews and McMeel.
Allow 4-6 weeks for delivery. Send to The Making of the Constitution Poster,
P.O. Box 419150, Kansas City, Mo. 64141.
~
Help Alpha Mouse find the voting booth.
She wants to vote today.
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from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam Ii:> 1991 Universal Press Syndicate
....o
Meet Mariah Carey
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from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam to 1991 Universal Press Syndicate
Attention, Students, Teachers and Parents!
Learn about languages with The Mini Page issues on French, Spanish,
Italian, German, Russian and Japanese. Reprints are available as a set or
individually - all issues feature games and activities to make learning fun.
Each issue is 11 by 17 inches and includes a Teacher's Guide. It's excellent
resource material for use in the classroom and at home.
The top new singer to come along
last year was Mariah Carey. Her
debut album was a No.1 seller.
Singing is all Mariah, 20, has ever
wanted to do. She was raised in
New York, the youngest of three
children. Her mother is a voice
teacher and former opera singer.
Mariah was named after a song
from a popular musical.
The day after graduating from high school, Mariah
began her singing career. She wrote songs during the
day and was a waitress at night.
Her big break came when she gave a tape of her
songs to the president of a record company.
~ MIGHTYTr0vfT°
°
~FUNNy'sl1\Jilnffin
JJ @ ~
n~
@~
WHY WOULD YOU BRING
A PET SKUNK TO
SCHOOL?
Name _______________________________________________
Address _____________________________________________
City _______________________________________________
State ______________________________ Zip _____________
French _______ (q uant ity)
Spanish
Italian
German
Russian
Japanese
(Sent in by Benjamin Goode)
$ ________ ($1 each )
$ ________
$ ________
Q: What kind of pliers do you use in
$ _______
$ _ _____
$ _ _____
class?
A: Multipliers!
ORDER ALL SIX LANGUAGES AND SAVE $1.00 PER SET!
Set of 6 _ _ _ _ (quantity) $ _
___ _ _ ($5 per set)
TOTAL $
Price includes pos tage and handling. Send only checks or money orders
payable to Andrews and McMeel. Allow 4-6 weeks for delivery. Send to
Min i Page Language Series, P.O . Box 419150, Kansas City, Mo. 64141.
(Bulk discount information will be provided upon request .)
T"'~~~;";;~
~
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Q
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Q: What do you call a frightened skin
Z
diver?
A: Chicken of the sea!
:5 '
Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®.
"~
J
~
12-4 (91)
Release Date: March 16-22
from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam e 1991 Universal Press Syndicate
\!rbe ~igbt5 of Women
First women's rights
meeting
In 1848, the first women's rights
convention was held in Seneca Falls,
N.Y. About 300 people attended.
Lucretia Mott
(1793-1880) was a
Quaker minister.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(1815-1902) was a
speaker and writer.
Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady
Stanton were leaders.
The black leader
Frederick Douglass
also attended. He
spoke out for the right
of women to vote.
The group made a
list of the ways they
felt women were being
treated unfairly and demanded the
right to vote.
Using the words of the Declaration
of Independence, they said:
'We hold these truths to be selfevident (obvious): that all men and
women are created equal."
way to the Supreme Court. She
argued that she had the right
according to the 14th Amendment.
It says, in part, that:
"All persons born ... in the United
States ... are citizens of the state
wherein they reside (live)."
Mrs. Minor's lawyer
argued that the amendment also says that no
state can pass laws that
take away rights of U.s.
citizens.
In 1875 the Supreme
Court ruled that being a
citizen did not give
women the right to vote. States could
deny women the right to vote if their
legislatures voted to do so.
State by state
Since the Supreme Court had ruled
against them, the women decided to
try to win the right to vote by
working to get each state to pass laws
granting them this right.
Women's chances of getting the
vote improved during World War I
because they helped a lot with the
war effort.
By the end of the war, women
could vote in about half of the states.
The amendment
The workers for
women's voting
rights decided that
working one state at
a time would take
too long.
They wanted an
amendment to the Constitution of the
United States that would give all
women the right to vote in all
elections.
In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the
Constitution was finally approved. It
says, in part:
liThe right of citizens of the United
States to vote shall not be denied or
abridged by the United States or by
any state on account of sex."
The Equal Rights Amendment
In the 1970s and
early 1980s, there
were many
demonstrations
in favor of the
Equal Rights
Amendment.
Women take their
fight for voting rights
into court
B
11111/\
Minor v. Happersett
Some women decided to test the
laws against women voting by going to the polls and trying to vote.
In 1872, a woman named Virginia
Minor went to register, or sign up, to
vote. The man who was to register her,
Reese Happersett, refused to do so.
Mrs. Minor took her case all the
Over the years, many women
have worked for an Equal Rights
Amendment to the Constitution.
This amendment would give
women equal rights in all areas,
not just in voting.
In 1972, an Equal Rights
Amendment, or ERA, as it was
called, was passed by Congress.
It said: "Equality of rights shall
not be denied or abridged by the
United States or any state on account
of sex."
To become law, the amendment
had to be approved by 38 states
within nine years. It passed in only
35 states by the time of deadline, so
it was not ratified.
It was not approved for many reasons. Some people felt that women already had equal rights. Others worried
about the changes rights might bring.
Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®.
r
12-5 (91)
Release Date: March 16-22
Leamhow
women got the
right to vote
in
ik
iht""jQUl1i '~Wg;""::~
~
'9l
>'.?:;
by Betty Debnam
Appearing in your
newspaper on ___ _
(Note to Editor: Above is
camera-ready, one columnby-41/ 4-inch ad promoting
Issue 12.)
'Thf~A':"i
from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam © 1990 Universal Press Syndicate
Teac\ter's
GUIde
For use by teachers and parents at home and at school.
For use with issue: The Rights of Women
Main Idea: This issue is about the 19th Amendment giving women the right to vote.
The following is a list of activities to be used with this issue. They are listea in order
of difficulty, with the easier pre-reader assignments listed first. Ask the children to do
the following:
1. Count the number of photos of people. What did each person do?
2. Look through your newspaper for pictures of famous women. Which do you
recognize?
3. What do you think the United States was like before women were given the
right to vote? Why do you think they were not allowed to vote? How would you feel
if a woman became president of the United States? What woman do you especially
admire and why?
4. Draw a picture of a famous woman you admire.
5. Create a poster for Women's History Month.
6. Circle all the years. Which is the most recent? Which is the oldest? What is the
difference between the two? In what year was the 19th Amendment passed? How
many years ago was that?
7. Find the following words: amendment, bound, convention, right, citizen,
demonstrated, effort, unfair, register, suffrage, equality, delegate. Define and make
up a new sentence for each one.
8. Do more research on a woman mentioned in this issue.
9. Write a one-act play about a woman voting for the first time after the 19th
Amendment was passed.
10. Look through your paper for articles that would be of interest to women today.
(Note to Editor: Above is the Teacher's Guide for Issue 12.)
Goldie Goodsport's
Beport
Supersport: Eva Twardokens
Height 5-5
Weight 130
Birthdate: 4-28-65
College: California-SantaCruz
Eva Twardokens is one of the top
women skiers on the U.s. ski team.
She is a very good slalom skier. Last
year was one of her best. She came in
first in the slalom at a race in Spain.
She was second in four races and third
in three.
Eva won the bronze medal at the
1985 World Championships. That same
year she was the national champion in the giant slalom.
Eva is working to get her private pilot's license. She is also
a good boardsailor. Her parents are from Poland.
(Note to Editor: Above is copy block for Page 3, Issue 12, to be used
in place of ad if desired.)
Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®.