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Course: Lumos StepUp: TNReady Online Practice And Assessments - Grade 4 ELA
Lesson: Using Details To Explain The Text
The digestive system is made up of the esophagus, stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, large and small
intestines, appendix, and rectum. Digestion actually begins in the mouth when food is chewed and mixed
with saliva. Muscles in the esophagus push food into the stomach where it mixes with digestive juices.
While in stomach, food is broken down into nutrients and turns into a thick liquid. The food then moves
into the small intestines where more digestive juices complete the breaking down of the food. It is in the
small intestines that nutrients are absorbed into the blood and carried throughout the body. The leftover
material that is unusable by the body moves into the large intestines where the body absorbs the water that
is contained before passing from the body through the rectum.
What event begins the digestive process?
A)
The small intestine absorbing nutrients
B)
Muscles in the esophagus pushing food into the stomach
C)
Chewing food and allowing it to mix with saliva
D) The esophagus
Standard: RI.4.3
Domain: Reading: Informational Text
Theme: Key Ideas and Details
Description: Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text,
including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
The digestive system is made up of the esophagus, stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, large and small
intestines, appendix, and rectum. Digestion actually begins in the mouth when food is chewed and mixed
with saliva. Muscles in the esophagus push food into the stomach where it mixes with digestive juices.
While in stomach, food is broken down into nutrients and turns into a thick liquid. The food then moves
into the small intestines where more digestive juices complete the breaking down of the food. It is in the
small intestines that nutrients are absorbed into the blood and carried throughout the body. The leftover
material that is unusable by the body moves into the large intestines where the body absorbs the water that
is contained before passing from the body through the rectum.
How do nutrients that are absorbed from food move through the body?
A)
They develop the ability to swim through the body’s fluids in a tiny school bus.
B)
The digestive juices in the small intestine break them down.
C)
© Lumos Information Services 2016
http://www.lumoslearning.com/
Page 1 of 4
They move through the esophagus and into the stomach.
D) They are absorbed into the blood, which carries them to other parts of the body.
Standard: RI.4.3
Domain: Reading: Informational Text
Theme: Key Ideas and Details
Description: Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text,
including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
The blue whale is quite an extraordinary creature. To begin with, it is a mammal that lives its entire life in
the ocean. The size of its body is amazing. This whale can grow up to 98 feet long and weigh as much as
200 tons, making it the largest known animal to have ever existed. Its body is long and elegantly tapered,
unlike other whales which have a rounder, stockier build. Their build, along with their extreme size, gives
them a unique appearance and the ability to move more gracefully and at greater speeds than one might
imagine. They can reach speeds up to 31 mph for short periods of time. Their normal traveling speed is
around 12 mph, but they slow to 3.1 mph when feeding. Although they are extremely large animals, they
eat small shrimp-like creatures called krill. Since the krill are so small, the blue whale eats about four tons
daily as they swim deep in the ocean.
Unlike other whales that live in small, close-knit groups called pods, blue whales live and travel alone or
with one other whale. While traveling through the ocean, they surface to breathe air into their lungs through
blowholes. They emerge from the ocean, spewing water out of their blowhole, roll, and reenter the water
with a grand splash of their large tail. They make loud, deep, and rumbling low frequency sounds that
travel great distances, which allow them to communicate with other whales as far as 100 miles away. Their
cries can be felt as much as heard. Their resonating call makes them the loudest animal on Earth. If you
ever have the opportunity to see or hear a blue whale, it will be an experience you will not soon forget.
How do blue whales breathe?
A)
They use their blowholes to process oxygen found at deep ocean depths.
B)
They spew water out of their blowholes and then rise to the surface to breathe air.
C)
They rise to the surface, spew water out of their blowholes, and then breathe air in through their
blowholes.
D) Their heads always stay above water.
Standard: RI.4.3
Domain: Reading: Informational Text
Theme: Key Ideas and Details
Description: Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text,
including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
The blue whale is quite an extraordinary creature. To begin with, it is a mammal that lives its entire life in
© Lumos Information Services 2016
http://www.lumoslearning.com/
Page 2 of 4
the ocean. The size of its body is amazing. This whale can grow up to 98 feet long and weigh as much as
200 tons, making it the largest known animal to have ever existed. Its body is long and elegantly tapered,
unlike other whales which have a rounder, stockier build. Their build, along with their extreme size, gives
them a unique appearance and the ability to move more gracefully and at greater speeds than one might
imagine. They can reach speeds up to 31 mph for short periods of time. Their normal traveling speed is
around 12 mph, but they slow to 3.1 mph when feeding. Although they are extremely large animals, they
eat small shrimp-like creatures called krill. Since the krill are so small, the blue whale eats about four tons
daily as they swim deep in the ocean.
Unlike other whales that live in small, close-knit groups called pods, blue whales live and travel alone or
with one other whale. While traveling through the ocean, they surface to breathe air into their lungs through
blowholes. They emerge from the ocean, spewing water out of their blowhole, roll, and reenter the water
with a grand splash of their large tail. They make loud, deep, and rumbling low frequency sounds that
travel great distances, which allow them to communicate with other whales as far as 100 miles away. Their
cries can be felt as much as heard. Their resonating call makes them the loudest animal on Earth. If you
ever have the opportunity to see or hear a blue whale, it will be an experience you will not soon forget.
How are blue whales able to communicate with other whales from great distances away?
A)
They emit a loud, low frequency sound that is able to travel as much as 100 miles under water.
B)
They use tiny whale telephones.
C)
They send a high frequency sound that only other whales are able to hear.
D) They use gestures and grunting sounds that other whales recognize.
Standard: RI.4.3
Domain: Reading: Informational Text
Theme: Key Ideas and Details
Description: Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text,
including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
All matter, which makes up all things, can be changed in two ways: chemically and physically. Both
chemical and physical changes affect the state of matter. Physical changes are those that do not change the
make-up or identity of the matter. For example, clay will bend or flatten if squeezed, but it will still be clay.
Changing the shape of clay is a physical change and does not change the matter’s identity. Chemical
changes turn the matter into a new kind of matter with different properties. For example, when paper is
burned, it becomes ash and will never be paper again. The difference between them is that physical changes
are temporary or only last for a little while, and chemical changes are permanent, which means they last
forever. Physical and chemical changes both affect the state of matter.
Which sentence below explains the concept of physical change?
A)
Physical change occurs when matter goes through a reaction that yields matter with a new physical
makeup.
B)
Physical change occurs when a person gains or loses weight.
C)
© Lumos Information Services 2016
http://www.lumoslearning.com/
Page 3 of 4
Physical change is change that occurs naturally and affects the state of matter.
D) Physical change is change that does not change the chemical makeup of matter.
Standard: RI.4.3
Domain: Reading: Informational Text
Theme: Key Ideas and Details
Description: Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text,
including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
© Lumos Information Services 2016
http://www.lumoslearning.com/
Page 4 of 4