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Animal Behavior Study Guide – Exam 1
Know the reasons we study animal behavior. Know the different early periods of history. Know
the three foundations. Know the different people involved in the history. Be sure you can
recognize the pictures of each person and what they are known for. What is natural selection?
Sexual selection? Artificial selection? Group Selection? What is the difference between
comparative psychology and ethology? What is classical conditioning? Operant conditioning?
Know the scientists that won noble prizes and what they won for. What is imprinting (both filial
and sexual)? FAP? MAP? What is an ethogram? What is Tinbergen’s four questions? What is
the difference between proximate and ultimate questions? Why did we watch the bird movie?
Make sure you review the homework we did in class. Read the article (for the first time?)
“What’s in Your Mind?”. For the article, make sure you are aware of the people in the article,
what medical condition (or ability) they might have, and which regions of the brain are involved
with. Please review your notes on how a resting potential and action potential are generated.
Make sure you know how neurons communicate using neurotransmitters and how different
neurotransmitters work (such as GABA, Norepinephrine, Dopamine, and Serotonin). Make sure
you know the parts of a neuron and the different parts and functions of the vertebrate brain.
Also make sure you study the “map” of which parts of the cerebrum are involved with which
functions (such as speech, smell, hearing…). You will most likely get a picture of brain (or two
pictures) in which you will need to know where the various parts are located. Also make sure
you know your various hormones and what they function in doing.
What is a genotype? Phenotype? Who is Mendel? How many genes do we have? What is an
allele? Homozygous? Heterozygous? Dominant? Recessive? What does innate mean? Be
able to tell what two compounds affect foraging behavior in bees. Know what happened in the
cross fostering and spatial learning experiments. Know the examples of single gene effects in
bees, mice, and fruitflies and humans (don’t forget to look at homework questions). Know the
multigenic effects in lovebirds. Know the experiment on social deprivation in Rhesus monkeys
(developmental homeostasis) Know the corvid experiement on learning. What is bias learning?
Habituation? Sensitization? Observational Learning? What is cultural transmission? Local
enhancement? Social Facilitation? Social Learning? Know the three modes of cultural
transmission? Know examples of the above. Know how brains grow in relationship to body
size. Who is higher than expected? What limits intelligence/ (know the diagram of the brains)
Where does memory occur? Know the activities. Know the two articles and questions from
these articles in the homework