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Transcript
WORLD WAR II
CURRICULUM GUIDE
NAME____________________________________________________ PERIOD_____________________
1- F
Fill out this guide as we go through the WWII unit. This guide will be completed with partners, groups,
and individually.
1. One of the problems with the treaty of Versailles was that __________________and
________________ wanted to punish Germany. (Slide 2)
2. Allies did not come through with land promises for _________________ making the country upset.
(Slide 2)
3. Before WWII the United States and World was suffering through the ____________
_______________. (Slide 3)
4. The 4 main reasons for the rise of dictators in Europe were severe _________________ problems,
fear of _______________________________, __________________________ does nothing and U.S.
________________________
5.
What is your definition of a democracy vs. dictatorship? Write your groups ideas in the space
below. (Slide 6-8)
Democracy
Dictatorship
6. When Hitler joined secondary school he wanted to become a ___________________. (Slide 12)
7. Adolf Hitler’s highest rank in the military was a ________________ in World War _______. (Slide 18)
2- F
8. After World War 1 Hitler spoke out against a government structure called ____________________.
(Slide 21)
9. Hitler went to investigate a group called the ________________
_________________
_______________ in Munich in 1919. (Slide 22)
10. Hitler joined the German Workers Party and this groups main emphasis was on _______
_______________ messages. (Slide 23)
11. As the party grew and Hitler became more of an influence in the group the German Workers Party
became known as the _________________ (Slide 23)
12. The Nazi Party platform called to revoke the ___________________ __________________
_____________________ and revoke the civil rights of _____________________. (Slide 24)
13. The Nazi Party symbol was the _______________________ (Slide 24)
14. Hitler’s first attempt at a German revolution failed and he was ____________________.
(Slide 25)
15. His trial helped Hitler because he used it as an opportunity to speak about the __________________
platform. (Slide 26)
16. Hitler wrote a book called Mein Kampf or My Struggle to further explain how Jews were
______________ and that the Germans were the superior race/nationality. (Slide 27)
17. The book also pointed out that communism was evil and that Germany need to conquer the
country of _______________________. (Slide 27)
3- F
18. Hitler rose to power legally by using his ________________________. (Slide 28)
19. Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in ___________________. (Slide 28)
20. Hitler appealed to Germans because he promised to bring glory back to a country that was in
the middle of an economic _______________________. (Slide 29)
21. The idea of putting down opposition parties that ran up against the Nazis and threatened to harm
civilians who were Anti-Nazi voters or were Jewish was called______________
_____________
________________. (Slide 30)
22. Hitler gains total power later in 1933 peoples civil rights were suspended, and all other political
parties were outlawed except the Nazi Party. Hitler was now a _________________. (Slide 31)
23. The first concentration camp opened in _________________________. (Slide 32)
24. Hitler ignored the Treaty of ____________________ which allows him to build Germany’s Military.
Germany’s economy begins to recover and he shows the world Germany’s strength.
(Slide 34)
25. Hitler’s policies included ________________ which required Jews to lose citizenship, wear the Star
of David, and banned them from education and medicine. (Slide 34)
26. The purge against Jews in Germany in which 96 Jews were killed, over 1,000 synagogues were
burned and 30,000 Jews were arrested and sent to camps was called ____________________ which
means __________________________ and is considered o be the start of the
________________________ (slide 34)
4- F
27. Hitler created a _________________________ state in Germany in which the Nazis controlled every
aspect of society. (slide 35)
28. The purpose of Hitler’s policy against the Jews was to ____________________ them or make them
seem _____________ _____________ ______________ (slide 35)
29. After reviewing and discussing dehumanization, how would you react to this? What are some
examples of dehumanization that you know about in the world today?
30. Italian leader _______________ improved the Italian economy in 1922. (Slide 43)
31. _________________ Dictator Benito Mussolini controlled the press and banned criticism of the
government. (Slide 44)
32. Guernica 4-2-1 Activity (slide 45 & 46)
Individually come up with four ideas you think the picture represents and why.
With a partner discuss your individual ideas and come up with two central ideas
5- F
With a group of 4 come up with the one big idea of what Guernica represents.
After groups of 4 share their big idea with the class your teacher will select one big idea. Free
write for 3 minutes on why you think the one big idea chosen is important to our study of WWII
so far.
33. Fascism is a _____________________ government under a _________________ with strict controls
of ___________________ and ____________________. It uses ______________,
_________________,________________________ and ________________to maintain power and
put down any opposition. _______________________ is a form of Fascism. (slide 47)
6- F
34. Fascism in Europe Use the Venn diagram on this sheet and fill it in using slide 48.
Mussolini
Hitler
35. In a ____________________ country, individual rights are not viewed as important as the needs of
the nation. (slide 49)
7- F
36. The rise of Totalitarian Regimes: Use slide 49 to fill out this graphic organizer.
37. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain used the policy known as __________________in
response to German aggression. This policy gave in to Hitler in exchange for
_________________________ (slide 51)
38. Between 1936 and 1938 Hitler invaded and annexed __________________________,
____________________ & _____________________________ (slide 51)
8- F
39. In the _____________________ agreement Hitler made with Chamberlain, Hitler got
___________________ ,promised ______________________________________ and Chamberlain
proclaimed _________________________ (slide 51)
40. The drawing on slide 53 of a permissive father and his spoiled daughter represent the Allies’
appeasement of the Axis powers. Match the list on the left with the best description from the list
on the right by placing the letter in the space on the left.
_________
1 Father
a
Rhineland
_________
2 Little Girl
b
Axis powers’ attitude
_________
3 Bag of Candy
c
Germany
_________
4 Stepping on Dad’s foot
d
Sudetenland
_________
5 Big Teddy Bear
e
Appeasement
_________
6 Little Teddy Bear
f
United States
_________
7 Father’s Tee Shirt
g
Great Britain
_________
8 Little Girl’s expression
h
Axis power aggression
41. In 1939 Hitler invades _________________________ and makes demands on _________________.
This causes ______________________ to feel ___________________ and he pledges to support
____________________________. (slide 54)
42. In 1939 Hitler made a deal called the ______________ _________________ Pact in which _______
agrees not to interfere with Hitler’s plan to invade ___________________ (slide 54)
43. When Hitler invades Poland in 1939, _____________________ and ____________________ declare
war on __________________________ and ____________ ______________ _________ begins.
(slide 54)
9- F
44. In 1940 ____________________ falls to Hitler leaving only ________________________ to fight
Germany. (slide 54)
45. In 1941 ___________________ invades the _______________ _____________________ bringing
them into the war on the ______________________ side. (slide 54)
46. During the WWII Nazis killed over 6 million Jews this was known as the
______________________________. (slide 56)
47. Jews were forced to work in ______________________ camps in order to help the Nazis. (Slide 57)
48. If they could not work efficiently enough for the Nazis they were immediately sent to
__________________________ camps where they were put to death. (Slide 57)
49. The decision to systematically ________________ all the ___________ of Europe was called the
___________________ Solution (slide 58)
50. ___________________ labor could not be continued because the _________________ population
of ____________________ _______________________ was too _______________. (slide 58)
10- F
Fill out this guide as we go through the WWII unit. This guide will be completed with partners, groups,
and individually.
1. Japan was the __________________ largest Navy in the world, and was underestimated by the
world. The Navy is part of the military that fights over water and in the air. (Slide 79)
2. Japan’ s Prime Minister and primary military leader during WWII was ________________
______________________
_______________________ (Slide 80)
3. Japan gradually advanced southward through _________________________ in early 1930’s. (Slide
81)
4. By 1938, there was _____________________ Japanese troops in China. By 1941 there were
________________________. (Slide 82)
5. Japan moved continued to move rapidly through China, Indo China, Malaya, and Indonesia.
6. Some Asian people welcomed the Japanese as ___________________ from Western Imperialists.
(Slide 84)
7. Soon they realized the Japanese were not liberators, but new imperialists. Anyone who was not
Japanese was treated with _________________ ______________________. (Slide 84)
8. Japan wanted to expand into China because Japan needed ________________
____________________. (Slide 86)
9. In 1940, Japan joined the Axis powers which consisted of Japan, _____________________, and
____________________. (Slide 86)
11- F
10. Trying to slow down Japanese expansion the U.S. cut off ___________________ and
_______________ shipments to Japan and __________________ Japanese assets in U.S. banks. This
left Japan three choices (1) __________________ ambitions in China and SE Asia
(2)__________________________with US to get oil and steel (3)_______________ Dutch and
British colonies in SE Asia and American bases (slide 87 & 88)
11. Use the map on the next page or PowerPoint slide 89 and answer the following questions.

Circle the country of Japan

About how much more LAND territory did Japan acquire before the attack on Pearl Harbor
1941?
a. Double the size of the country
b. They did not acquire any land
c. Quadruple the size of Japan

Name three cities in China that were under Japanese control in 1941.
12- F
40. Some of the Japanese weapons that help them expand in the pacific are the zero fighter
_________ ____________________ and __________________ _________________ (Slides 90-93)
41. Japanese soldiers were skilled on water, but were also highly skilled in attack defense and
____________________
____________________. (Slide 94)
42. They were also highly motivated to defend their _____________________ and their land to the
_______________________. (Slide 94)
43. Britain responded to the rapid Japanese expansion in the pacific by sending a couple big war ships to
show Britain’s strength. This is an example of: (Slide 95)

Militarism

Isolationism

Nationalism
44. Both war ships The Prince of Wales and The Repulse were _________________ by over 100
Japanese airplanes in December, 1941. ( Slide 95 & 96)
13- F
45. The Japanese plan had them poised to even strike ________________________ in late 1941. (Slide
97)
46. __________________________ was a policy used by the United States in the 1930’s (Slide 99)
47. Isolationists passed a series of ______________________
___________________ in the 1930’s.
(Slide 99)
48. These laws did what? (Slide 99)

Banned _______________________ sales or loans to countries at war

Warned U.S. citizens’ not to _________________________________________________
49. FDR announced the Good Neighbor Policy in an attempt to improve relations between the U.S. and
Latin America. How does the cartoon below and on slide 99 illustrate this?
14- F
50. By the late 30’s the U.S. leans away from the Neutrality Acts and gets involved indirectly by
Roosevelt providing _____________________ to the Allies. (Slide 100)
51. The _________________
_________________ act provided war materials and lent to money to
Britain in 1939. (Slide 100)
52. The __________________ ___________________ is when the U.S. secretly meets with England
to commit to defeating Germany. (Slide 100)
53. On December 7, 1941 the Japanese secretly attacked _________________ ________________ in
Hawaii. ( Slide 101)
54. In response to this on December 8, 1941 the United States officially declares ______________ on
Japan, Italy, and Germany. ( Slide 101)
55. Read for Meaning: Please read the following five statements before you read and agree or
disagree with them. Then as you read keep the statements in the back of your mind and find
information from the text for or against the statements. There may be proof for and against in the
same statement. Please keep in mind when you read that the reference to states including the
Arizona, California, and Oklahoma are United States war ships, referred to as destroyers.
Additionally, the story is about three different men who were in the military and were stationed
at Pearl Harbor. They were from New Orleans and are referred to in the passage as the “New
Orleanians”.
Proof For
Statements
Proof Against
1.The rising sun on planes
signified that the planes were
Japanese (Page 28 1st
paragraph)
Agree
Disagree
15- F
2. The attack on Pearl Harbor did
not have much effect on our
Army or Navy. (Page 29 2nd
Paragraph)
Agree
Disagree
3.The Japanese made a big
mistake attacking Pearl Harbor
(Page 29 4th Paragraph)
Agree
Disagree
4. Several Torpedoes hit the ship
California causing several
different problems on board.
Page 30 4th paragraph and page
31 first 2 paragraphs)
Agree
Disagree
16- F
5. The three men from New
Orleans and their families’ lives
changed forever because of the
attack on Pearl Harbor. (Page 31
middle of the page through
page 32 middle of the page.)
Agree
Disagree
56. List the big three Allied Powers and the big three Axis powers in WWII. (Slide 102)
Allied Powers
Axis powers
17- F
57. Label the big three axis and allied powers by coloring in the countries on the world map. ( slide 103)
58. U.S. & Britain agree to focus on defeating Germany in _________________ before focusing on Japan
in the Pacific (Slide 104)
59. The war in Europe involved several strategies. Use slides 104 & 105 to fill out the following:

The Soviets want help on the ______________ ________________ but this does not
happen for __________ years

Great Britain & the U.S claim not to be _________________, they do not trust ___________
and they fear _____________/_______________ will take over all of Europe. This can be
considered the roots of the ________________ ___________
18- F

After defeating the Germans at the _______________ ____ __________________ the
Soviets stop the Germans from advancing any further and continue to drive Germany back
through _________________ and eventually ______________ The Soviet Union suffers
more _________________________ than all countries combined

In November 1942 the U.S. and Britain work on the “soft underbelly” in
____________________ _________________ & ___________________.

November 1944 D-Day Operation Overload occurred in Normandy, France to push the
_____________________________ back through France.

Battle of the Bulge was _______________________ last big offensive battle in December
1941.

On May 7, 1945 Germany _______________________________
60. War in the Pacific was focused on a strategy called ______________________
_________________ (Slide 107)
61. On September 2, 1945 Japan ______________________________________. ( Slide107)
62. In 1945, Mussolini had been _______________________ and a new Italian government joined the
allies. (Slide 111)
63. The importance of the Battle of _______________________ was that it limited Japans ability to
strike the Hawaiian Islands again and is considered the _________________ ____________ of the
war in the Pacific. (Slide 112)
64. The importance of the Battle of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands was that the island became a
__________________ base from which to counterattack the Japanese. (Slide 113)
19- F
65. The importance of the Battle of El Alamein, Egypt was that it leads the allies in an invasion of
_________________ and opened the door to further allied advance North Africa. (Slide115)
66. The code name for the massive invasion of Normandy France was _________________
____________________. It is better known as ______________. (Slide 117 - 118)
67. The importance of the battle of Normandy was that it liberated _________________ from Nazi rule
and the allies continued to gain ground on Germany. (Slide 119)
68. The importance of the Battle of the Bulge was that the battle showed the desperation of the
________________ as they tried to slow the allied advance, but eventually lost it and drove the
Germans completely out of France. (Slide 126)
20- F
69. Read for Meaning D-Day: Please read the following five statements before you read and agree or
disagree with them. Then as you read keep the statements in the back of your mind and find
information from the text for or against the statements. There may be proof for and against in the
same statement. Please write small because will find plenty of evidence for each statement. Terms
to become familiar with include
Pill box: a small, low structure of reinforced concrete, enclosing machine guns, and used as a minor fort
in war. (Germans had these on the beaches as the Americans rushed from the ocean to the beach)
Foxhole: a small pit, usually for one or two soldiers, dug as a shelter in a battle area.
LST- a large military ship that is used to land a large amount of troops and equipment from the ocean
onto beaches.
E1, D3 - Refer to the exits that needed to be cleared by the Americans to get off of the Beach and onto
the mainland in France. These exits were blocked by the Germans as a way to contain the Americans
from getting into France.
Fortifications: Objects that strengthen a position during a time at war. Pillboxes are one type of
fortification that was used during D-Day.
Proof For
Statements
1. The D-Day invasion was
insignificant in WWII, and was
relatively small compared to
other invasions. (page 148
middle of the page)
Agree
Proof Against
Disagree
2. Planning the invasion of
Normandy was complicated and
difficult. (Page 148 bottom to
page 149 middle)
Agree
Disagree
21- F
3. The military’s plans for the
invasion of Normandy worked
out perfectly. (Bottom of 149
through 150)
Agree
Disagree
4. Soldiers like Frank Walk
witnessed horrible things during
the D-Day invasion. (top to the
middle of page 153)
Agree
Disagree
5. The D-Day invasion left a
lasting impression for all those
who participated in it and ended
in an American victory, which
directly resulted in eventually
winning the war. (Middle of
153- the end of 154.)
Agree
Disagree
22- F
70. American Muscle was presented in WWII propaganda as a way to display a proud sense of
_____________________
____________________ . ( Slide 128)
71. Women became a key force in the WWII effort. Over ____________________ _ women joined the
workforce to replace the men who joined the military. (Slide 133)
72. After listening to Rosie the Riveter what are your thoughts about the song? Turn to a partner and
discuss what you think. (Slides 134-135)
73. During WWII ______ million men were drafted and another ______ million men and women
enlisted. ( Slide 138)
74. Public relations agents understood that the best propaganda appealed to human
_______________________. (Slide 80)
75. What emotion is getting displayed with this piece of propaganda? Explain what it is displaying. Use
the space on the side of the picture to respond.( Slide 80)
23- F
76. The government warned people through propaganda about talking about any sensitive information
concerning the war in fear that there were _____________________
___________________
lurking in the American society. How does careless talk relate to your lives here at Yorkville Middle
School? Talk with your partner or group and use the space below to write about, explain, and
elaborate on your ideas. Be prepared to defend your ideas with the class. (Slide 145)
Example in the Middle School of
Careless talk
Example in the Middle School
Careless talk
Careless
Talk
What was the Result?
What was the Result?
24- F
77. Rationing occurred during WWII. List s
76. Rationing occurred during WWII. List some of the items rationed by Americans. (Slide 149)
Items Rationed
78. Take a look at this picture of the victory garden and look at slide 159. What do you think this piece
of propaganda means? What is its significance?
25- F
79. Many Americans
questioned the
loyalty of Japanese
Americans fearing that they may act as __________________ to help Japan. ( Slide 162)
80. The War Time Relocation Agency (WRA) forced approximately 120,000 Japanese Americans to…..
(Slides 165-167)

Sell their ____________________ and businesses

And relocate to __________________ _____________________ living in crowded
barracks behind barbed wire.

They were released in ________________________________.
26- F
80. No Japanese American was ever found to have helped the _____________________ (Slide 167)
81. The ___________________ American Bund had over ________________ members and dressed like
____________ but were never put in ______________ or ______________. Several ex-Bund
members were later found to be _______________ ___________ (Slide 170)
81. FDR won an unprecedented _______________ term in office. However FDR passed away in April
1945 and Vice President ______________________ took office. (Slide 173)
27- F
82. On the day Truman took office he was quoted “I don’t know whether you fellows ever had a load of
hay fall on you, but when they told me yesterday what had happened, I felt like the moon, the stars,
and all the planets had fallen on me.” Turn to a partner and analyze this quote.
Would you be ready to run the nation at a time of war? Excited to take on the job? Scared?
Would you even take on the job of leading the nation during WWII?
What you feel about this quote
What your partner feels about
the quote
Discussion Notes: What did your classmates say about Truman’s Quote?
28- F
83. Germany officially surrendered on _____________________________. (Slide 175)
84. On May 8, 1945 the Allies celebrated _____ ________ or Victory in Europe Day. (Slide 177)
85. While there was victory in Europe there was still work to be done in the Pacific. The two main goals
of the U.S. were to regain the ___________________ and invade_____________________. (Slide
181)
86. The U.S. began a policy of ___________________ ____________________ using islands as
stepping stones towards Japan. (Slide 181)
87. By February 1945 the U.S. recaptured the Philippines and the islands of ___________
___________ and __________________. (Slide 182)
88. With your group, look at the Pulitzer Prize Photograph down below and look at the picture next to it.
Where is the setting of these two photographs? What do these pictures symbolize? What can we
interpret out of these photos? (Slide 184)
29- F
The setting of picture on the left
The setting of picture on the right
What do these photographs represent?
What can we interpret from these photos? What do these photos mean to you and your group?
30- F
89. The Japanese continued to fight even though the U.S. continued to make progress toward Japan.
The Japanese used ______________________ attacks against U.S. ships. (Slide 185)
90. The U.S. planned to invade Japan in 1945, though some felt that the invasion would cause over a
__________________ casualties. (Slide 187)
91. In response to learning about the _____________________
_________________ Truman sent
the Japanese the Potsdam Declaration, warning them to surrender or “face prompt and utter
destruction.” (Slide 187)
92. Unaware of the Atomic Bomb the Japanese ignored the ______________________
________________________ and continued to fight on. (Slide 188)
93. The first ever atomic bomb was a uranium enriched bomb that was dropped on August 6, 1945 on
the city of ___________________________, Japan. (Slide 188)
94. The plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima was called the ____________________
____________________. ( Slide 190)
95. On August 9, 1945 the U.S. dropped a second atomic bomb on ________________________, Japan killing at least 40,000 people. (Slide 191)
96. After the second bomb the Japanese surrendered on August ___________ 1945. This officially
ended _____________________. This day was called VJ day. (Slide 196)
97. The grueling march that the Japanese forced Filipinos and U.S. soldiers to march was called
____________________ __________________ __________________ (Slide 202)
98. The Nazis performed a series of _____________
____________ in the concentration camps to
see if the human body could survive harsh conditions. (Slide 203)
31- F
99. In 1945-1946 twelve Nazi leaders were sentenced to death as a result of the _______________
__________________________. (Slide 204)
100.
Allies also tried and executed ________________________ leaders who were also accused of
war crimes. (Slide 209)
101.
Complete the flow chart below with you group. (Slides 205 – 212)
WAR CRIMES DURING
WORLD WAR II
War Crimes in Asia/ Japan
War Crimes in Europe
What Happened?
What Happened?
What were the results of the war crimes?
32- F