Download Using Drugs to Promote Health

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Electronic prescribing wikipedia, lookup

Pharmaceutical marketing wikipedia, lookup

Orphan drug wikipedia, lookup

Stimulant wikipedia, lookup

Compounding wikipedia, lookup

Polysubstance dependence wikipedia, lookup

Bad Pharma wikipedia, lookup

Drug design wikipedia, lookup

Neuropsychopharmacology wikipedia, lookup

Pharmacogenomics wikipedia, lookup

Drug discovery wikipedia, lookup

Pharmacognosy wikipedia, lookup

Psychopharmacology wikipedia, lookup

Pharmaceutical industry wikipedia, lookup

Pharmacokinetics wikipedia, lookup

Medication wikipedia, lookup

Neuropharmacology wikipedia, lookup

Drug interaction wikipedia, lookup

Prescription costs wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Using Drugs to
Promote Health
Chapter 7 Lesson 1
Developing Vocabulary
Answers
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
I. Tolerance
H. Side Effect
A. Drug
C. Over the Counter
G. Psychological Dependence
D. Pharmacist
B. Medicine
J. Withdraw
F. Prescription Drug
E. Physical Dependence
Ways Drugs Enter the Body

A drug is a substance other than food that changes
to way the mind or body works.
Drug Misuse
Incorrect
Drug Abuse
use of a legally Use of an illegal drug.
purchased drug.
Intentional misuse of a
Innocent misuse.
legal drug.
Taking the wrong dosage Taking a prescription
on accident.
meant for someone else.
Could have life
Life threatening side
threatening side effects.
effects.
Ways drugs enter the body

Medicine is a drug that
is used to treat,
prevent, and/or relieve
illness symptoms.

Antibiotics fight disease
Cough suppressants
relieve symptoms
Vaccines prevent
disease


Ways Drugs Enter the Body

Drugs and the cells of the body are like keys and
locks.


A key (drug) can only open up certain locks (cells)
Receptor sites on cells are similar to locks on doors.
How Drugs enter the Body

In order from quickest acting to slowest…

Injection

Absorption

Inhalation

Swallowing (mouth)
How Drugs Effect the Body

Drugs may act on more than one receptor
site at a time. Causing Side Effects

A side effect is an unwanted change in the body
that is not related to the main purpose of the drug.

Example: If you take an asprin for a headache,
sometimes it will give you a stomach ache if you
don’t take it with food.
Get Creative!


We discussed how the drug and body cell are
like a lock and key. The drug can only fit in
one receptor cell on the cell.
Your task:

Draw a representation of the “lock and key” or the
drug and its receptor. Be creative. Do not draw a
lock and key. Find another way to represent the
drug locking on to the body cell.


Use color.
Label the drug and the receptor.
Factors that Determine a
Drug’s Effect

The way the drug enters the
body

The weight, age, and health
status of the person

The dose or amount of the
drug taken

The emotional state of the
person

The solubility of the
substance

Whether the person is
taking more than one drug
at a time.

Water soluble drugs leave
the body quickly, fatsoluble drugs can stay for
weeks to months
Factors that Determine a
Drug’s Effects

Drugs can cause unwanted effects, the most serious
being dependence.

Drug dependence is the continued need for the effects of a
drug even when those effects harm the body, mind and
relationships.

Psychological Dependence- strong emotional desire to
continue to use a drug

Physical Dependence- a condition in which someone
develops a tolerance for a drug or shows withdraw
symptoms without it.
How Drugs Affect the Body

Tolerance is what happens when the body
becomes used to a drug and needs a larger
amount to produce the same effects.

Withdrawal symptoms are unpleasant
reactions that occur when a drug is no longer
present in the body.
Prescription and Over-theCounter Drugs

Prescription Drugs- a medication that can
only be obtained with a written order from a
physician.

Brand name drug has a registered name or
trademark assigned to it by the company that
makes it. (Lipitor)
Prescription and Over-theCounter Drugs

A Generic Drug is a drug that contains the
same active ingredients as a brand-name
drug, but has no registered trademark.

Generic Drugs are usually less expensive.
Prescription and Over-theCounter Drugs

An over the counter (OTC) drug is a drug that
people can buy without a physician’s
prescription.

OTC drugs include:



Pain relievers
Some Allergy medications
Cough syrups
Prescription and Over-theCounter Drugs

Regardless of whether the medicine you are taking
is a prescription or an over the counter drug, you
should read all of the warnings and dosage
information to ensure that you do not have any
unwanted side effects.



Do not use the medication it is past its expiration date.
If the tamper resistant seal is broken, take the medication
back.
If the label says the medication may cause drowsiness, do
not engage in an activity such as riding a bike.
Use and Misuse

In your groups, you will be examining an OTC label.
Each group will have one container. You will need
to find all or most of the information asked for in the
“OTC Seek and Find” worksheet.

Following this, each student will need to explain one
way the drug could be misused and the possible
effects of misuse.

You will have 3-4 minutes with each container.