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Name and Period:
United States History
Second Quarter P.I.A. Study Guide
Chapter 7
1.) How did Americans feel about the future of their new government when George Washington became president?
Their expectations were high because they trusted their leaders to protect their economic and security interests
2.) How was the presidential election of 1796 different from the previous election?
There were multiple candidates
3.) How was the selection process of a vice president in 1796 different than the present-day process?
In 1796 the presidential candidate who came in second became vice president; today, the candidate running for president choses his vice
4.) In 1795 the U.S. southern boundary was defined by the line at 31 degrees North latitude. What agreement between the United States and
Spain established this border?
Pinckney’s Treaty
5.) Why did Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson criticize U.S. policy toward France?
He believed the United States owed France support since France backed it during the Revolutionary War
6.) What did George Washington warn Americans against in his farewell address?
Burdening future generations with debt
Chapter 8
7.) What was the defining moment of Thomas Jefferson’s presidency? Why?
The purchase of the Louisiana Territory ; it doubled the size of America
8.) Describes the conditions of the United States military as it entered the War of 1812.
A small army and navy lacked the training to face the British military
9.) Why is the Battle of Fort McHenry significant?
 Francis Scott Key wrote the Star Spangled Banner during the battle
 It was Baltimore's key defense center during the War of 1812
10.) Why was New Orleans an important trading port in the early 1800s?
New Orleans’s location was at the mouth of the Mississippi River, which made the city an important port for both domestic and international trade
11.) Compare and contrast the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.
Revolutionary War: Ended with the Treaty of Paris, Great Britain truly did not recognize our independence
Both: The U.S. fought for their independence in both, we fought Great Britain in both
War of 1812: Ended with the Treaty of Ghent, we gained respect from Great Britain
Chapter 9
Study the map below and answer the questions that follow.
12.) Which part of the United States did not allow slavery in 1820?
13.) What does the map show in regards to the Missouri Compromise?
This map shows how the Missouri Compromise affected the boundaries of the United States. It shows how the Missouri Compromise balanced
the number of slave states and free states. The map also shows the boundary line formed to determine where slavery could be practiced in the
State four true pieces of information regarding the Monroe Doctrine.
It warned European countries not to interfere with the Americas
It stated that the United States would recognize colonies that already existed in North and South America
It declared the Western Hemisphere off-limits to colonization by foreign powers
It stated that the U.S. government would consider any European power’s attempt to colonize or interfere with any nation in the Western
Hemisphere to be a hostile act
Chapter 10
15.) How were voting rights expanded in the early 1800s?
Some states extended suffrage rights to more white males
16.) Nominating conventions contributed to the expansion of democracy in the United States in the 1820s by _____.
Allowing people to become more active in politics
17.) What is the “Trail of Tears”?
The forced 800-mile march Cherokee Indians made in their removal from Georgia
Chapter 11
18.) How did the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in 1848, affect the United States?
It increased the size of the United States by almost 25 percent
19.) Why did San Francisco’s population dramatically increase from 1848 to 1850?
San Francisco, like much of the rest of California, experienced dramatic population growth following the discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill in 1848.
Furthermore, San Francisco was a port town that became an important trade center for travelers. These factors caused its population to increase
from 800 in 1848 to over 25,000 by 1850.
20.) What was manifest destiny and how did the slavery issue get tied up with it in the 1840s and 1850s?
Manifest destiny was the idea that the United States was destined to expand its control over the entire continent. The belief in manifest destiny
inspired many Americans to move west and conquer lands all the way to the Pacific Ocean in order to spread democracy. The slavery issue
came up because there were debates about whether slavery should be allowed in the new territories.