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Summary: Civil War Begins
Abraham Lincoln
Conflict grew between the North and South. Southerners
thought abolitionists would start slave rebellions. Some
southerners wanted to leave the Union. Northerners were
afraid slavery would spread. Americans who opposed slavery
formed the Republican Party. Republicans opposed slavery
in the territories.
Abraham Lincoln was a Republican. He was born in
Kentucky, a slave state. He was raised on a farm in Illinois, a
free state. His family was poor. He did not go to school, but
he read a lot. Lincoln became a lawyer and a political leader.
Find and underline each
vocabulary word.
secession noun, when part
of a country leaves or
breaks off from the rest
Confederacy noun, states
that separated from the
Union and formed a
civil war noun, a war
between two groups or
regions within a nation
Lincoln’s Campaigns
In 1858, Lincoln ran for Senate in Illinois against Stephen
Douglas. They debated so people could hear their ideas.
Douglas wanted popular sovereignty for territories. He did
not think slavery was wrong. Lincoln said slavery was evil,
but he did not support abolition. Lincoln lost, but the
debates made him famous. Many southerners thought he
wanted to abolish slavery.
Lincoln ran for President in 1860. He was the only
candidate against slavery. He won, but the election showed
that the country was divided. No southern states voted for
Lincoln. Some southerners said the federal government was
too strong. They said tariffs and laws to limit slavery
threatened states’ rights. Some chose secession to protect
their right to enslave people.
Secession Begins
In 1860, South Carolina left the union. In all, eleven
southern states formed the Confederacy. Jefferson Davis was
president. Lincoln wanted unity and peace but it was too
late. Confederates attacked Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861.
Lincoln called for men to fight the rebellion. The Civil War
REVIEW Why did some
southerners want their
states to leave the Union?
Draw a box around three
sentences that tell what
southerners said about the
federal government, what
they thought threatened
states’ rights, and what right
they wanted to protect.
REVIEW Why did
southerners see Lincoln as
an enemy? Circle what
Lincoln said about slavery.
Also circle what southerners
thought he would do about
REVIEW What event
began the Civil War? What
happened on April 12, 1861?
Draw a box around the
Resources for Reaching All Learners
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Use with United States History, pp. 440–445