Download US Disagrees League of Nations Germany Suffers

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o Most major battles took
place in Europe, along
the Western Front
o Allied Powers
o Central Powers
o Direct cause was the assassination of
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of AustriaHungary by a Serbian.
o ilitarism
o lliances
o mperialism
o ationalism
o The Great War between
many countries
o Began June 1914
o Fighting ended November
United States
Great Britain
Each of the Central Powers signed
its own treaty with the Allied
o Signed on June 28, 1919, in Versailles, France
o Last treaty to be signed
o Officially marked the end of WWI
o Mainly negotiated by the leaders of the Allied
Great Britain’s
Prime Minister
David Lloyd
France’s Prime
United States’
Germany’s Kaiser
Wilhelm II had
little participation
because the
others believed
his actions caused
the war.
Clemenceau advocated for
severe punishment for Germany.
o Germany had invaded France
o Much of France was
devastated by the battles
David and Wilson were concerned a
too severe punishment would cause
another war.
Wilson’s concerns and proposals were largely ignored, and the final
treaty had severe consequences for Germany.
o Help other countries rebuild
from the losses and
damages the war caused
o VERY difficult for Germany to
do because Germany had to
finance its own rebuilding
from the damages and its
economy was worsening
o One million square miles
o Was rich in natural resources
(these resources could have
helped Germany’s struggling
economy improve)
o Not allowed to rebuild its army
and navy
o Production of most war
materials was stopped
o Allied Powers wanted to keep
Germany too weak to start
another war
o Organization of countries that promised to work
together to ensure another world war would not occur
o Germany would not be allowed to join until 1926
o United States did
o Believed the Treaty of
Versailles was to harsh on
o Concerned it would cause
another war
o Refused to ratify the treaty
o Did
responsibility for it
Germany Suffers
o Representatives from Germany’s
government reluctantly signed the treaty
o Many Germans resented the restrictions
and hold protests
o Germany’s economy continues to worsen
o Germany becomes more isolated and
distrusted by other countries
The Treaty of Versailles brought peace, but it also
set events in motion that would lead to World
War II.