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Modern “isms”
Communism, Fascism, Nazism
A system which political policies are based on
totalitarianism and the economic policies are centralized
and government owned.
No private industry or property.
Promotion of equality; no social classes.
Soviet Union and China
A political movement that promotes an extreme form of
nationalism, a denial of individual rights, and a dictatorial
one-party rule.
Favors corporate capitalism – industry heavily regulated
by government
First fascism government- Italy under Mussolini from
Mussolini –War Declaration Speech 1940
• Mussolini Speech-1940
• While listening to the video pull out phrases or words
that Mussolini uses that connect with Fascism.
The fascist polices of the National Socialist German
Worker’s party, based on totalitarianism, a belief in racial
superiority, and the state control (not ownership) of
industry- capitalist.
German form of Fascism under the NAZI party.
Biggest difference from Italian fascism is RACIAL
Origins of Swastika
The Original Meaning
• The word "swastika" comes from the
Sanskrit svastika - "su" meaning "good,"
"asti" meaning "to be," and "ka" as a
• was used by many cultures throughout
the past 3,000 years to represent life,
sun, power, strength, and good luck.
Hitler Chancellor Speech 1933
• Hitler Chancellor Speech 1933
Imagine you are a Germany that has only felt hardship
since WWI.
• What does Hitler say in this speech that would make you want support him?
• What emotions does Hitler evoke within you as you listen to him speak?