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Vocabulary
Week 33
Mt. Fuji
Japan’s highest
and most well
known mountain.
It is a volcano
that has been
dormant for many
years, and is also
worshipped as a
sacred place
*Category*: Geography
Typhoon
A large low pressure
system that
originates over the
Northwestern part
of the Pacific Ocean
(known as hurricanes
over the Atlantic
Ocean)
*Category*: Geography
Prefecture
A district ruled by a
prefect. Japan is
divided up into 47
prefectures. These
are similar to our
concept of states
*Category*: Government
Sea of
Japan
Body of water
that separates
the archipelago
that makes up
Japan from the
Asian mainland
*Category*: Geography
Shinto
Japan’s earliest
religion. It means
“way of the gods”
and is based on
respect for
nature and
worship of
ancestors
*Category*: Religion
Samurai
Warriors that were
used by Japanese
lords to protect
their estates.
European knights
and the Samurai had
the same behavioral
expectations
*Category*: Culture
Bushido
Means “way of the
warrior”. This was a
demanding code that a
Samurai was expected
to follow at all times.
*Category*: Culture
Shogun
A military role
whose title means
“supreme general of
the emperor’s army”
*Category*: Culture
Zen
A Japanese sect
of Buddhism that
was very
influential in
Japan.
*Category*: Culture
Daimyo
A Japanese feudal
baron. This rank in
the social structure
would be comparable
to the European
Lord in feudal times.
*Category*: Culture
Ring of Fire
A belt of seismic
and volcanic
activity roughly
surrounding the
Pacific Ocean
*Category*: Geography
Patriarch
A man that is
seen as being the
father or founder
of a family, clan,
or group of
people. They are
normally help in
high esteem.
*Category*: Culture