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• Write a paragraph responding to the following
“Should a country’s government be allowed to take
away some civil liberties or rights of its citizens in
times of war?”
7 sentences
• The Government created the Committee on
Public Information (CPI) to educate the public
and pass on information about the war
• People were still opposed to the war
• Dodging the draft
• Conscientious objectors
• Alvin York
• Women’s International League for Peace
Government Cracks Down on Dissent
• Authorities took people who worked against the goal of winning the war
very seriously
• Espionage Act 1917
• Up to 20 year imprisonment & $10,000 fine for anyone found guilty of aiding the
enemy, obstructing recruitment or causing insubordination in the armed forces
• Sedition Act 1918
• Amendment to Espionage act, outlawed any “disloyal, profane, scurrilous or abusive
language” intended to cause contempt, scorn toward the government, Constitution,
or flag
• Bureau of Investigation-Justice Department
• After the war Federal Bureau of Investigation
• Schenk v. United States
• Charles Schenk mailed pamphlets urging men to resist conscription
• Created the “clear and present danger” doctrine
• Debs v. United States
• Guilt of Eugene Debs for antiwar speech
• Abrams v. United States
• Four Russian immigrants printed pamphlets denouncing American
intervention in Russian Revolution
Changes in Society
• Americans experienced new burst of patriotism.
• Many Americans attack symbols of German culture; discriminated
against German Americans
• Hamburgers- “liberty steaks”
• Made to give up speaking German
• Women and African Americans find new roles in war economy.
• African Americans move north in Great Migration to work in military industry
• Women find jobs in manufacturing plants building military equipment
• Mexicans came across the border to find jobs—many stayed in California and formed
barrios (Hispanic neighborhoods)
• Labor strife reached a new high
• Shipyards in Seattle; policemen in Boston; 350,000 steelworkers demanded 8-hour
day and wage increases