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Document related concepts
Latin America and the Caribbean
Region is grouped together
because of its common
culture and history
Due to size of region, many
physical features are going
to be unique to specific
nations, instead of having
uniting features
Latin America and the Caribbean
Region is grouped together
because of its common
culture, religion, and history
Consists of
 Mexico (in North
 Central America
 South America
 The islands in the
Caribbean Sea
Mountains and Coastline
Surrounded by Atlantic
Ocean on east, Pacific
Ocean on west, and
Caribbean Sea to the
Mountains span from north
to south across the whole
7,000 miles total of mountain
From southern border of the
US to Tierra del Fuego
Map of Latin America
Important Mountain Ranges
Andes Mountains
Chain of mountain ranges that
run through the western portion
of North, Central, and South
 Many
active volcanoes
Mountain ranges provide
protection to the people settled
in the area
 Incas
in Peru were first settlers in
South America
Important Mountain Ranges
Highland Area
Highlands: made up of the hilly
or mountainous sections of a
Highlands in Latin America
 Parts
of Venezuela, Guyana,
Suriname, French Guiana, and
Used for terrace farming
Plains Regions
Llanos and Pampas
Vast plains in Colombia
and Venezuela
 Llanos:
grassy, treeless
areas used for livestock
grazing and farming
Vast plains in Argentina
 called
Pampas: areas with
rich soil
 Used to graze cattle and
harvest wheat
Plains Regions
Amazon River Basin
Extensive plains in the
interior of Brazil
 Cerrado:
savannas with flat
terrain and moderate
rainfall that make them
suitable for farming
Much of the land is
River Systems
Central America and the Caribbean lack the river
systems that are found in South America
South America has three great river systems
Amazon River
Flows about 4,000
miles from west to east
into the Atlantic Ocean
 Starts
in the Andes
 Fed by over 1,000
 Carries more water to
the ocean than any
other river in the world
Orinoco River
Winds through the
northern part of South
America, mainly
Flows more than 1,500
miles, partly along the
border into the Atlantic
Drains the interior lands
of Venezuela and
Parana River
Originates in the
highlands of Brazil
Travels south and west
through Paraguay and
Estuary of the Parana
and Uruguay rivers
between Argentina and
Uruguay and is called
the Rio de la Plata
Estuary is the wide lower
course of a river where
its current is met by the
Other Major Waterways
Panama Canal
Canal that connects the
Caribbean Sea to the
Pacific Ocean
Easier trade routes, don’t
have to work all the way
around the southern most
point of S.A.
40 miles long, cuts 3,000
miles off trip from NYC to