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Download briefing for the nato international school in azerbaijan baku, 11 july
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BRIEFING FOR THE MODEL NATO YOUTH SUMMIT BRUSSELS, 10 JULY 2012 THE EURO-ATLANTIC PARTNERSHIP COUNCIL: A CORE ELEMENT OF NATO’s NEW PARTNERSHIP POLICY MR. GEORGE NICULESCU THE EUROPEAN GEOPOLITICAL FORUM AFFILIATED EXPERT ON PARTNERSHIPS, INTEGRATION AND REGIONAL COOPERATION IN THE GREATER BLACK SEA AREA HISTORICAL BACKGROUND • 1990 London Declaration- commitment to enduring peace in Europe • 1991: North Atlantic Cooperation Council- an emerging institutional relationship • 1994 Brussels summit: the Partnership for Peace (PfP): first steps beyond dialogue and cooperation • Today: 28 NATO members + 22 EAPC Partners THE EURO-ATLANTIC PARTNERSHIP COUNCIL • Basic document agreed in May 1997; • Political Framework for Political Dialogue and Practical Cooperation; • Takes full account of and complements OSCE, EU, and Council of Europe activities; • Inclusive dialogue and maintaining self-differentiation among Partners; • Potential subject areas: ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ political and security matters; crisis management; regional matters; arms control; Etc. PARTNERSHIPS IN THE NATO STRATEGIC CONCEPT • Cooperative Security – Core Task in the New Strategic Concept; • Enhanced Partnerships - Flexible Formats Bringing NATO Members and Partners Together Across and Beyond Existing Frameworks; • Develop Existing Partnerships (EAPC/PfP, MD, ICI) while Preserving Their Specificity; • Partnership with Russia: Aim To Establishing a True Strategic Partnership within the Framework of the NATO-Russia Council; • EAPC: Enhanced Consultations And Practical Military Cooperation With Partners; • Partnerships With Georgia And Ukraine: In The Framework of NATO-Georgia and NATO-Ukraine Commissions, respectively. CONCLUSIONS • The Euro-Atlantic Partnership an essential component of the post-Cold War transformation of NATO • Aims to: ▫ Promote democratic reforms of defence and security institutions ▫ Enable Partners to participate in NATO-led operations ▫ Develop dialogue and cooperation to fight against transnational risks and threats • Developed tools and mechanisms, some of which tailored to Individual Partners’ needs and circumstances; • Enhanced political consultations on security issues: ▫ should NOT DUPLICATE conflict resolution processes in other international forums; ▫ should be agreed by the NAC, on a case by case basis. Topic 1: Russia-Georgia Relations • Emergency crisis management is an important part of the EAPC's mandate, but is dependent on the cooperation of EAPC members towards a greater goal. Following the Georgia-Russia crisis in 2008, tensions were exacerbated by the influence of NATO states in supplying Georgia with weapons. • What steps must the EAPC take to ensure that future crises sparked by tensions between Partners do not impede conflict prevention and resolution efforts? • Can the non-NATO Members play an effective role in regional conflict prevention and resolution that doesn't provoke further tensions?