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The Second Industrial
By: Ryan, Angel, Samuel & Jonathan
Mass society lead to improvements in lower classes
Benefitted from extension of voting rights, a better standard of
living and education
Increased leisure time leads to creation of the “weekend”
Railroads and streetcars allowed people to go where they want with
Mass society also lead to new roles in Europe’s nation states
Industry in politics
Manufacturing went from 2-10 million in the
second industrial revolution
There was a growth in stability and values in the
New industry separated domestic and work life
New roles for men and women (independence)
New requirements in education in training,
including engineers industrial managers, doctors,
and lawyers
Greatest economic growth than ever before (1870-1890)
Prices of goods dropped dramatically due to increase in productivity
Unemployment rose with workers being replaced by machines
Sanitation and public health improved from public health initiatives
London Sewerage System
Metropolis Water Act in London
Reduced infections and death rates
1890 International telegraph network boosted efficiency and productivity
Economic continued
By 1890 only 10% still engaged in agriculture practices in Britain
Tariffs were created by governments in order to protect economy
Free Trade continued in Britain
Creation in larger middle class, decrease in child labor, and increase in consumer based
material culture
1900 leaders in production:
Britain 24%
US 19%
Germany 13%
Substitution of steel for iron
Lighter, smaller, and faster engines
Advancements in Electricity