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The Olympian Gods
The Twelve Olympians
10 “Always Olympians”:
Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Apollo, Artemis,
Aphrodite, Hermes, Hephaestus, Athena,
4 “Variable” Olympians:
Hestia, Demeter, Hades, Dionysus
The palace of the gods was believed to be
Mt. Olympus in Greece.
The gods took sides during the Trojan War.
Make a Chart!
Greek Name Roman Name
Extra Info
• This information will be part of your test on Monday, Sept. 22!
“Father of Gods and Men”
Roman name: Jupiter or Jove
Symbols: Oak, Eagle, Thunderbolt
Chief god, god of the sky
Married to Hera
Roman name: Juno
Symbols: Peacock, cow
Goddess of marriage, queen of Olympus
Wife of Zeus
Roman name: Neptune
Symbols: Trident, horse
God of the sea, horses, and earthquakes
Brother of Zeus and Hades
Lived in palace under the sea
Roman name: Mars
Symbols: Dog, vulture
God of war (bloodlust)
Son of Zeus and Hera
• Roman name: Minerva
• Symbols: owl, olive branch
• Goddess of wisdom, tactical
warfare, crafts
• Born from Zeus’ head
• Patron goddess of the city of
Athens, Greece
• Roman name: Mercury
• Symbols: caduceus (wand), winged helmet
and winged sandals
• God of travelers, thieves, tricksters and
• Son of Zeus and Maia
• Messenger of the gods
Roman name: Apollo
Symbols: laurel, lyre
God of light, prophecy, archery, healing, music
Son of Zeus and Leto, twin of
• Roman name: Diana
• Symbols: bow, stag, moon
• Goddess of the hunt, moon, childbirth, young
• Daughter of Zeus and Leto, twin
of Apollo
• Like Athena and Hestia,
she never married
Roman name: Venus
Symbols: dove, myrtle, swan
Goddess of love and beauty
Born of sea-foam
Was married to Hephaestus, the ugliest god,
but was a lover of Ares
• Roman name: Vulcan
• Symbols: anvil, fire
• God of the fire and forge
• Son of Zeus and Hera (some say just Hera)
• Was thrown from Mt.
Olympus and crippled at birth
by either Zeus or Hera
Roman name: Pluto or Dis
Symbols: helmet, jewels/metals
God of the dead and the Underworld
Brother of Zeus and Poseidon
Lived in palace in the Underworld
Roman name: Bacchus
Symbols: grapevine, ivy, snake
God of wine and grapevine
Son of Zeus and the mortal Semele
Could also cause and cure madness
Roman name: Vesta
Symbol: hearth-fire
Goddess of the hearth/home
Sister of Zeus, Poseidon, Hades,
Hera, Demeter
• Like Athena and Artemis, she never married
• Some say she gave up her Olympian throne to
allow Dionysus to become one of the 12
• Roman name: Ceres
• Goddess of grain and harvest
• Sister of Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, and
• Symbols: wheat/grain, cornucopia (horn of
• “cereal”