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Welcome To Saudi Arabia Done By : Jeevandham 8th STD Vallal Sabapathy Matriculation Higher Secondary School SAUDI ARABIA Saudi Arabia is situated on the Peninsula, in South-Western Asia. It is the at the meeting point of three continents: Asia and Africa. Nearest bodies of water: Gulf to the East, Red Sea to the West. Arabian country Europe, Persian Saudi Arabia map • FORMS IN THE LANDSCAPE Many ancient cultures have recognized in a landscape shapes and forms to which they have given significance. Sacred places are frequently sited in places where in the natural features of the landscape where perceived the forms or shapes of a divine being. The naturally occurring feature is then artificially enhanced to define the perceived likeness more clearly. Mountain Mountains loom large in any landscape and have long been invested with sacredness by many peoples around the world. They carry a rich symbolism. The vertical axis of the mountain drawn from its peak down to its base links it with the worldaxis, and, as in the case of the Cosmic Tree is identified as the centre of the world. This belief is attached, for example, to Mount Tabor of the Israelites and Mount Meru of the Hindus. Mecca: Islamic monuments of Mecca, which is a place of pilgrimage for Muslims worldwide, include the House of God (Ka’abeh), which was made into a Mosque in 630 A.D. by the Prophet of Islam (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his descendents); the Well of Zamzam; the Great Mosque. Medina: The Prophet’s Mosque, which was built by the Prophet Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his descendents) in 622 A.D.; the Mosque of Medina; and Madinatossalah. Jiddah is the most cosmopolitan city in the Kingdom and has also been the main port for Mecca since early Islamic times. Places of interest in Jiddah are the Christian cemetery, the historical district of “alBalad”, the Municipality Museum,and the Sharbatly House and the Naseef House, which are traditional old homes restored to their original states. Jiddah: Silig a famous Saudi Arabian dish • Silig is a traditional food from Saudi Arabia. ABHA The city of Abha lies in the southwestern part of the Arabian peninsula. The region abounds in mountains, valleys and fertile plains. It has a generally moderate climate, heavy rainfall, green pasture and agricultural plateaus. Abha has been beautified and prepared to receive tourists. Architecture As a part of the Kingdom's interest in preservation contemporary Saudi architects are increasingly using traditional Islamic concepts in building designs.Historically,building designs and materials were dictated by the climate, geography and resources of the various regions. Adobe was a mainstay of traditional builders in Riyadh, the Najd and parts of the Eastern Province due to its malleability, availability and insulation qualities Jubail old water well Jubail has a complex of ports for different import and export needs. The largest is King Fahd• Industrial Port, situated north of the industrial corridor. Nine kilometers in length, it is made up of nine berths, two storage yards and numerous service platforms. It contains a marine loading station for tankers that is four kilometers in length. A berth is reserved for petrochemical products and one station for the loading and unloading of iron ore. Najran Najran is one of the Kingdom's most modern cities. Najran is famous for its beautiful gardens and public parks. Peaches, apricots, apples, grapes, lemons and oranges are grown on a wide scale. Najran is also famous for its numerous popular festivals and folklore dances. It is a tourist city with a moderate climate, orchards and scenic views. The 73-meter-high Najran dam is one of the region's tourist attractions FOREST Vegetation is scare due to the aridity of the region. Only•1% of Saudi Arabia is forested, and this occurs mostly on the slopes and in the valleys of the mountains between al-Hijaz and Asir. Saudi Arabia's forest species include date, juniper, tamarind, acacia, wild olive, sidr, and tamarisk. 9% of the existing forests are protected The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the heartland of Islam; the birthplace of its history, the site of the two holy mosques and the focus of Islamic devotion and prayer.. Islam guides not only the lives of the people, but also the policies and functions of the government. The Holy Qur'an is the constitution of the Kingdom and Shari'ah (Islamic law) is the basis of the Saudi legal system. . Riyadh Capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh is the seat of government; ministries, embassies, diplomatic missions, as well as It contains educational, financial, agricultural, cultural, technical, commercial and social organizations. Al-Ahsa The largest oasis in Saudi Arabia, Al-Ahsa is an area that extends from the Arabian Gulf to • the Dahwa and Oman deserts, and forms the border with Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and the Sultanate of Oman. Covering an area of 2,500 kilometers in the southern part of the Eastern Province, it is home to more than 600,000 people, who mainly inhabit AlAhsa's four major cities: alHofuf, Al-Mobarraz, Al-Oyoun, and Al-Oman. PARKS This department specializes in the design and construction of large landscaped areas including gardens and palaces. Among the major projects are Al-Ahsa and Buwebiat Farms. The Special Projects division brings together experts in construction, interior design, landscaping and gardening Jeddah The second largest city after Riyadh. The name Jeddah meaning the "Ancestor of Women. Jeddah which gained importance during the Ottoman rule, was incorporated into the Kingdom of Hejaz and later came under the British control. It joined the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1927. Madinah Madinah has 95 names, including Taibah, Tabah, Qubbat AlIslam, Al-Mu'mina, Al-Mubarakah, Dar Al-Abrar,Dhat Al-Hirar,, Al-Barrah and Al-Jaberah. Madinah is located in the north-western part of the Kingdom, to the east of the Red Sea.. It is surrounded by a number of mountains:Madinah is situated on a flat mountain plateau at the junction of the three valleys of Al-Agl, Al-Aqiq, and Al-Himdh.