Download Aztecs Control Central Mexico

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Aztec society wikipedia, lookup

Aztec cuisine wikipedia, lookup

Aztec religion wikipedia, lookup

Human sacrifice in Aztec culture wikipedia, lookup

Aztec warfare wikipedia, lookup

Aztec Empire wikipedia, lookup

Fall of Tenochtitlan wikipedia, lookup

Templo Mayor wikipedia, lookup

Tepotzotlán wikipedia, lookup

National Palace (Mexico) wikipedia, lookup

Naucalpan wikipedia, lookup

Texcoco, State of Mexico wikipedia, lookup

Aztecs Control Central
Vocab : Triple Alliance, Montezuma II
The Valley of Mexico
7000 feet above sea level.
Large shallow lakes.
1st major civilization of central Mexico was Teotihuacan.
At its peak, 125,000 people lived there.
At the center of Teotihuacan stood a 200ft tall pyramid that
was at its base larger than the Great Pyramid in Egypt.
Valley of Mexico
Become a large thriving
trading center that
stretched to Central
Obsidian was its most
valuable trade item.
Obsidian was used to
make weapons.
By 750 Teotihuacan was
900 rose to power.
Next 300 years ruled
central Mexico.
Their capital was at Tula.
They also built pyramids
and temples.
Extremely warlike people.
Like the Mayans they did
human and blood
Through trade and power
the Toltecs spread to the
By 1200 Toltec rule was
Quetzalcoatl (god of peace)
merged with an early Toltec
king named Topiltzin.
People did not like this and
Quetzalcoatl was exiled.
Legend was that he would
return one day and bring in
a kingdom of peace and
Aztecs build an Empire
Arrived in the Valley of
Mexico around 1200.
Aztecs were called Mexica
at the time.
They were a poor nomadic
people from North Mexico.
Became soldiers for hire by
the local rulers.
Legend has it that the Aztec
sun god Huitzilopochtli
told them to build their own
Aztecs Build An Empire
Found a place to build at Lake Texcoco
Built Tenochtitlan in 1325.
1428 joined two other city –states Texcoco & Tlacopan to
form the Triple Alliance.
Became the leading power in the region and Mexico.
1500’s , the empire was from central Mexico to the Atlantic
& Pacific coasts to Oaxaca.
Aztec Empire
Based on tribute and
military conquest.
Let local rulers govern
their own regions.
Tribute was paid in gold,
maize, cacao, cotton and
If the tribute was not paid
then the villages were
destroyed & the villagers
were killed.
Nobles Rule Aztec
Military leaders held great power in the Aztec Empire.
Govt officials & priests made up the rest of the nobility.
Commoners and slaves made up the rest of the society.
Commoners were merchants, artisans,soldiers & farmers.
Center of the Aztec trade was the capital of Tenochtitlan.
The market of Tlatelcoco was the main market.
Most of the products were grown on farm plots called
1500 ‘s was a city of
200,000 people.
Located on an island. To get
to the island causeways were
built over the water and
Palaces, temples, markets
and residential districts were
connected by streets and
Center of the city was a
walled complex . The Great
Major role in Aztec society.
Many temples related to the
Adapted many of their beliefs
from the Toltecs.
Most important ritual was for
the sun god Huitzilopochtli.
Required blood sacrifices.
Human sacrifices were
carried out daily.
Carved out the hearts of their
Aztec priests used
Obsidian to cut out the
hearts of the prisoners.
Aztec battle tactics were
not just to defeat the
enemy but to have a
steady amount of
prisoners for the human
1502 Montezuma II became ruler.
The empire became weaker. The empire was growing and
demanding more tribute and sacrifices.
Many provinces began to rebel against the Aztecs.
Montezuma reduced the number of officials and sacrifices.
Enemies of the Aztec
banded together with the
Spanish to fight the
Religious beliefs led to
more war and need for
human sacrifices which
led to open rebellion.
Smallpox from the
Spanish killed many