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Transcript
Communicable Diseases and You
What is a Disease?
• A disease is a _______ or _____ that
affects the proper and usual
_________ of the ____ or ____ of an
individual.
Non-Communicable Disease
• A Non-communicable disease is ____spread
by contact with others and may be caused by
_____ _________, _______, or ____________
hazards.
What is a Communicable Disease?
• A communicable disease is one that can be
passed from one individual to another.
• A communicable disease is caused by an
_________ so small it can only be seen by
using a ___________.
GERMS
• Disease causing organisms are usually called
GERMS.
• When germs enter the body, they ____,
__________ and frequently produce _____
products that are _______ in the human body.
• The result is an _________.
Types of GERMS
•
•
•
•
•
________
_______
________
_____
_______
BACTERIA
• Any ____ _____ cell organisms that grow and
thrive almost everywhere.
• There are 3 types of bacteria: Bacteria
• _____
• _____
• ______
VIRUSES
• Are the _______ and ________ forms of life.
• Many viruses are harmful to humans.
• VIRUSES
RICKETTSIA
• Are small _______ that are spread by the ____
of ______ such as _____ and _____.
FUNGI
• Are simple life forms that are unable to make
their own ____.
PROTOZOA
• Simple, _______-like organisms.
BACTERIA
• Live _________: __ you, __ you, and _____
you.
• Most bacteria do not harm you.
• Some bacteria are very _______.
• Bacteria become harmful when they go places
they do not ______. E coli
BACTERIA need…
• ____ ______
• _______
• _________
• Your ____ provides all three of these needs
and a perfect _____ for bacteria!
BCATERIA COCCI
• Can cause diseases such as _________,
__________ (clap), bacterial _________,
_____ throat and ________ fever.
BACTERIA BACILLI
• Causes ________ (food poisoning), ________,
_______, ___________, ________ cough, and
_______.
VIRUSES
• Are very ___________
• Some _______ only certain body cells.
• ______ virus attacks only the _______ system.
• Viruses cause ____, ______ ___, _______,
_____, ___, mumps, polio, viral pneumonia,
and ______________…
RICKETTSIA
• Are found in ____, _____, and _____.
• They enter the ____ through the____of an
______ that is infected.
• Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, and Lyme
Disease are caused by rickettsia.
• Lyme Disease
FUNGI
• Attack the body and often live in the ____,
_____ and ____
• _______ ____ and _________ are two
diseases caused by fungi.
• _______ ____ affects the feet, while
________ appears on other parts of the body.
• Ringworm
PROTOZOA
• Many are ________ but some can cause
disease.
• ________ is caused by protozoa that live in
certain kinds of ___________.
• If an infected ________ _____ a person, the
person will become infected.
GOOD GERMS
• Many bacteria are not only harmless, but
essential for life.
• Without bacteria in your intestines you could
not _____ your food. (_______)
• Even harmless bacteria can cause trouble if
they end up where they don’t belong.
HOW DO GERMS SPREAD?
•
•
•
•
_____ contact
______ contact
Contact with ________
_____ contact
CLOSE CONTACT
• ________ germs from someone’s _____ or
______.
• Germs travel in ________ which you _______.
• _____, ___, ________ and tuberculosis can be
spread this way.
DIRECT CONTACT
• You can pick up germs by contact with _____
and ____.
• You can also pick up germs through _______
contact.
• This is how people get diseases such as ____,
gonorrhea, syphilis and _______.
PREVENTION
• Practice good health habits:
– Eat a ________ diet
– Get plenty of ____
– Exercise _________
– Bathe or shower ______
– Avoid ___________ and ___________ that can
harm your health.
PRACTICE GOOD HEALTH BEHAVIORS
• ______ foods ________ and __________.
• Do NOT share ________ _______ or eating
__________ with ANYONE!
• Wear appropriate clothing and protective
gear.
• Avoid _________ contact.
• Keep your ______ up to date.
TO PROTECT OTHERS:
• If you are sick with a contagious disease, stay
______ from others!
• Cover your ________ and ____ when you
cough or sneeze.
• Seek medical treatment to ______ __
recovery.
• ____ your hands frequently with ____ and
____ water.
TO PROTECT OTHERS (CONT’D)
• If a doctor prescribes a medication, follow the
_________ and take it exactly as __________.
• Encourage your family and friends to practice
good health habits along with you.
THE COMMON COLD
• There are ____ viruses that cause the
“common cold”.
• Cold symptoms include slight fever, runny
nose, itchy/watery eyes, sneezing, coughing
sore throat and headache.
TO PREVENT A COLD:
• Get plenty of rest *_________
• Drink plenty of fluids (juice, water, etc.) and
eat healthy _________-______ foods.
• Exercise regularly.
• DO NOT share ____ and __________.
• _____ YOUR _____.
• DO NOT smoke.
NORMAL IMMUNE RESPONSE
• In a healthy person, ______ identify the virus.
• _________ produce antibodies that may
__________ the virus.
• T-cells ________ virus cells that have not been
neutralized, and stimulate B-cells to produce
___________.
IMMUNE SYSTEM IN A PERSON WITH
HIV OR OTHER IMMUNE DISORDER
• In a person with HIV, the virus seeks out and
destroys ________.
• With fewer _______, the _______ stop
producing _________.
• With a weakened immune system, the body is
open to other infections.
IMMUNIZATIONS AND YOU
• What diseases have you been immunized
against?
• What other immunizations are available to
people your age?
• What immunizations are being researched
now?
• What else should be done to prevent disease?