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GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Grades: 9
Time Table
Content/Skills
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
September
The Enlightenment and the Scientific
Revolution
World History
Connections to Today:
Modern Era, Prentice
Hall. 1999
Chapter 1
WHI.34 Describe the concept of
Enlightenment in European history and
describe the accomplishments of major
Enlightenment thinkers, including
Diderot, Kant, Locke, Montesquieu,
Rousseau, and Voltaire.
Identify how the Enlightenment led to
revolutions
Discuss changing role of women
Analyze the ideas of the philosophe
 Identify the impact of the Scientific
Revolution
Describe what is a revolution
Describe the effects of a revolution
Outline how and why did new ideas
contribute to the rise of nation states in
Europe ruled by monarchs
The Social Contract,
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Two Treatises of
Government, John
Locke
The Spirit of Laws,
Baron de Montesquieu
WHI.35 Explain how the
Enlightenment contributed to the
growth of democratic principles of
government, a stress on reason and
progress, and the replacement of a
theocentric interpretation of the
universe with a secular interpretation.
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
 Salon
Dialogue between John
Locke and Thomas Hobbes
 Outline a philosophers
ideology on government,
human nature, and
economics
 Sample classical music from
Bach, Mozart and Handel
 Create a cartoon that
illustrates the ideas of one of
the philosophers
 Quiz
 Test-Multiple choice, short
answer, true and false, essay
Vindication of Rights of
Women, Mary
Wollstonecraft
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
1
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Grades: 9
Time Table
Content/Skills
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
October
The Growth of the Nation State in
Europe
 American and French Revolutions
 Napoleon
World History
Connections to Today:
Modern Era, Prentice
Hall. 1999
Chapter 2
WHII.3 Summarize the important
causes and events of the French
Revolution. (H, C, E)
Causes:
A. the effect of Enlightenment
political thought
B. the influence of the American
Revolution
C. economic troubles and the
rising influence of the middle class
D. government corruption and
incompetence
Events:
A. the role of the Estates General
and the National Assembly
B. the storming of the Bastille on
July 14, 1789
C. the 1789 Declaration of the
Rights of Man and the Citizen
D. the execution of Louis XVI in
1793
E. the Terror
F. the rise and fall of Napoleon
G. the Congress of Vienna
WHII.4 Summarize the major effects
of the French Revolution. (H)
A. its contribution to modern
nationalism and its relationship to
totalitarianism
B. the abolition of theocratic
absolutism in France
C. the abolition of remaining
feudal restrictions and obligations
D. its support for the ideas of
popular sovereignty, religious
tolerance, and legal equality
Compare/Contrast different revs.
Scientific, French, and American
Identify significant events of the
French Revolution
Evaluate the rise and fall of
Napoleon
Analyze the goals and effects of the
Congress of Vienna
Declaration of the
Rights of Man, French
National Assembly
1789
Marie Antoinette video
Napoleon video
Primary Source
documents Napoleonic
Code
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
 Write a storybook for young
children describing the causes,
main events, and effects of the
American Revolution
 Read an excerpt from A Tale
of Two Cities
 Write a cahier from the
perspective of a member of
one social class explaining
what the major problem
France is facing
Write an eyewitness
account of one of the
following : the National
Assembly meeting, women
marching on Versailles, or
an émigré describing events
in France to an Austrian
emperor
Minard Chart
Perform a skit about one of
the following: the Great
Fear, the night of August 4,
the flight and capture of the
royal family
Mock Trial (Napoleon)
Create a poster that was
used to support or oppose:
the Jacobins, the execution
of Louis XVI or Marie
Antoinette
Mock Congress of Vienna
5 paragraph essay quiz
Test-Multiple choice, short
answer, true and false,
essay
2
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
November
Content/Skills
Agricultural/ Industrial
Revolutions
 Identify the causes of the Industrial
Revolution
Identify the inventions that
transformed society
Illustrate how the negative aspects of
the Industrial Revolution led to
social unrest
 Analyze impact of social reforms
Evaluate the different roles
government has in regulating
business
Discuss can Marxism work?
Debate what are the strengths and
weaknesses of the rise of democracy
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
Grades: 9
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
World History
Connections to Today:
Modern Era, Prentice
Hall. 1999
Chapters 3 & 5
WHII.5 Identify the causes of the
Industrial Revolution.
A. the rise in agricultural
productivity
B. transportation improvements
such as canals and railroads
C. the influence of the ideas of
Adam Smith
D. new sources of energy such as
coal and technological
innovations such as the steam
engine
WHII.6 Summarize the social and
economic impact of the Industrial
Revolution.
A. the vast increases in
productivity and wealth
B. population and urban growth
C. the growth of a middle class
D. problems caused by
urbanization and harsh working
conditions
WHII.7 Describe the rise of unions and
socialism, including the ideas and
influence of Robert Owen and Karl
Marx.
WHII.9 Explain the impact of various
social and political reforms and reform
movements in Europe.
A. liberalism
B. child labor laws, and social
legislation such as old age
pensions and health and
unemployment insurance
C. the expansion of voting rights
Wealth of Nations
Adam Smith
Except from
Communist Manifest,
Karl Marx
Primary Source
Documents: Life in
Mill towns
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
Oral presentation./ pamphlets
(Key figures in Ind. Rev)
Simulation of an assembly
line
 Create a new invention
 Write diary entries from the
perspective of one of the
following: a working class
mother, factory owner, or a
government inspector
 Create a time capsule
Create posters explaining the
governmental and economic
systems
 Quiz-Matching
 Test-Multiple choice, short
answer, true and false, essay
3
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
December
Content/Skills
Nationalism
Define nationalism, how it develops
and what it effects
Identify examples of nationalism
Examine demographic changes of
countries impacted by nationalist
movement
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
Grades: 9
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
World History
Connections to Today:
Modern Era, Prentice
Hall. 1999
Chapter 6
WHII.10 Summarize the causes,
course, and consequences of the
unification of Italy and Germany.
A. Germany’s replacement of
France as the dominant power in
continental Europe
B. the role of Cavour and
Bismarck in the unification of Italy
and Germany
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
 Write a speech summarizing
each leaders political policies
and goals
 Create an illustrated map and
time line showing the
unification of Germany
 Unification of Germany map
 Create a comic strip showing
the events leading to Italian
unification
 Review October Manifesto
 Map Quiz
 Test-Multiple choice, short
answer, true and false, essay
4
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
January/
February
Content/Skills
Imperialism
-Africa
-Asia
-Latin America
-Middle East
Identify key political locations on
maps of Europe, Africa, Asia, Latin
America
Examine the clash between western
ideas and indigenous cultures
Discuss how a country justifies
imperialistic actions
Examine the legacy of imperialism
Compare and contrast the factors that
lead to different reactions to
imperialism
Discuss how different regions
reacted to imperialism
Debate if there always be forms of
imperialism
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
Grades: 9
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
World History
Connections to Today:
Modern Era, Prentice
Hall. 1999
Chapter 8
WHII.11 Describe the causes of 19th
century European imperialism.
A. the desire for economic gain
and resources
B. the missionary impulse and the
search for strategic advantage and
national pride.
WHII.12 Identify major developments
in Indian history in the 19th and early
20th century.
WHII.13 Identify major developments
in Chinese history in the 19th and early
20th centuries.
A. China’s explosive population
growth between 1750 and 1850
B. decline of the Manchu dynasty
beginning in the late 18th century
C. growing Western influence
D. The Opium War
E. The Taiping rebellion from
1850 to 1864
F. The Boxer Rebellion
G. Sun Yat-Sen and the 1911
nationalist revolution
WHII.14 Identify major developments
in Japanese history in the 19th and early
20th centuries.
A. the Meiji Restoration
B. the abolition of feudalism
C. the borrowing and adaptation
of western technology and
industrial growth
D. Japan’s growing role in
international affairs
“White Man’s
Burden”,Kipling
Heart of Darkness,
Joseph Conrad
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
Essay in response to White
Man’s Burden
Create imperialist propaganda
& resistance posters
Scramble for Africa Game
African Queen video
 Maps
 Test-Multiple choice, short
answer, true and false, essay
5
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
Content/Skills
Imperialism cont’d.
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
Grades: 9
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
WHII.15 Identify major developments
of African history in the 19th and early
20th centuries.
A. Africa’s interaction with
imperialism
B. agricultural changes and new
patterns of employment
C. the origins of African
nationalism
WHII.16 Identify the major
developments of Latin American
history to the early 20th century.
A. the wars for independence,
including the influence and
ideas of Simon Bolivar, Jose
de San Martin, and the
American and French
Revolutions
B. economic and social
stratification
C. the role of the church
D. the importance of trade
E. the growing influence of the
United States as demonstrated
by the Spanish American War
and the building of the Panama
Canal
F. the Mexican Revolution
6
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Grades: 9
Time Table
Content/Skills
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
February
Causes of WWI
Global Consequences
of WWI
-Russian Revolution
-Middle East
-Europe
World History
Connections to Today:
Modern Era, Prentice
Hall. 1999
Chapter 12
WHII.17 Describe the relative
importance of economic and imperial
competition, Balkan nationalism,
German militarism and aggression, and
the power vacuum in Europe due to the
declining power of the Russian,
Austrian, and Ottoman Empires in
causing World War I.
Compare and contrast the individual
goals of the countries
Analyze WWI literature/propaganda
Examine characteristics of total war
Discuss Marx’s reaction to a
Communist revolution in Russia
Assess Lenin’s leadership after the
Communist Revolution
Debate whether WWI was inevitable
 Analyze how technology changed
warfare
Describe how wars bring about
social change
Analyze the impact of WWI on
countries surrounding Europe
Debate the success of the Russian
Revolution
Analyze Lenin. Was he a true
Communist?
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
WHII.18 Summarize the major events
and consequences of World War I.
A. physical and economic
destruction
B. the League of Nations and
attempts at disarmament
C. the collapse of the Romanov
dynasty and the subsequent
Bolshevik Revolution and
Civil War in Russia
D. post-war economic and
political instability in Germany
E. the Armenian genocide in
Turkey
F. the unprecedented loss of life
from prolonged trench warfare
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
Diplomatic meeting to
prevent WWI
Visual representation of a
cause of WWI
Debate -Was WWI
inevitable?
Read/write WWI poem
Choose your own Russian
Revolution
 Create a timeline for Russia
during 1917
 Draw a political cartoon
about the Great Purge
 Five paragraph essay quiz
 Test-Multiple choice, short
answer, true and false, essay
7
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Grades: 9
Time Table
Content/Skills
Resources
March
Years of Crisis—1919-39
Great Depression
Road to WWII
-German/Italian
imperialism
-Totalitarianism
-Fascism
-USSR under Stalin (early)
World History
Connections to Today:
Modern Era, Prentice
Hall. 1999
Chapter 13
 Identify the inadequacies of the
Treaty of Versailles and the League
of Nations
Assess the causes and consequences
of the Great Depression
Evaluate government economic
policies in response to the Great
Depression
Account for Hitler’s and Mussolini’s
rise to power and their effectiveness
as leaders
Examine Stalin’s Soviet propaganda
Describe the rise of totalitarianism
and the policies of its leaders
Analyze the positive and negative
impact of Communism
Discuss when nations should
intervene in the internal affairs of
another country
Debate the role of appeasement in
the pre-war crisis
Assess why the Great Depression
was a global catastrophe
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
WHII. 20 Describe the various causes
Maps
and consequences of the global
Time machine activity to
depression of the 1930s, and analyze
prevent the mistakes of the
how governments responded to the
Treaty of Versailles
Great Depression.
Create replicas of Soviet
A. restrictive monetary policies
Propaganda
B. unemployment and inflation
Stalin Trial
C. political instability
Depression Auction
D. the influence of the ideas of
 Brother can you spare a
John Maynard Keynes,
dime? Webquest
Ludwig von Mises, Friedrich
 Write a poem, draw a poster
von Hayek, and Milton
or compose a song about
Friedman
Kristallnacht
WHII.21 Describe the rise and goals of
 Create a museum exhibit that
totalitarianism in Italy, Germany, and
represents the years between
the Soviet Union, and analyze the
the world wars
policies and main ideas of Mussolini,

Create propaganda posters
Hitler, Lenin, and Stalin. (H)
for Russia, Italy or Germany
WHII.22 Summarize the consequences
 Test-Multiple choice, short
of Soviet communism to 1945. (H, E)
answer, true and false, essay
A. the establishment of a oneparty dictatorship under Lenin
B. the suffering in the Soviet
Union caused by Stalin’s
policies of collectivization of
agriculture and breakneck
industrialization
C. the destruction of individual
rights and the use of mass
terror against the population
D. the Soviet Union’s emergence
as an industrial power
8
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
Content/Skills
Year of Crisis con’t.
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
Grades: 9
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
WHII.23 Describe the German, Italian,
and Japanese drives for empire in the
1930s. (H)
A. Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia in
1935
B. the Japanese invasion of China
and the Rape of Nanking
C. Germany’s militarization of the
Rhineland, annexation of Austria, and
aggression against Czechoslovakia, the
Stalin-Hitler Pact of 1939, and the
German attack
9
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
April/ May
Content/Skills
WWII
Post War
-Consequences/Developments
Compare/contrast the causes of WWI
& WWII
Describe German and Italian
empire building
Summarize key battles & events of
WWII
Identify the goals, leadership & postwar plans of allied leaders.
Identify history of anti-Semitism and
its role in the holocaust
Assess Allied commitment to
universal human rights
Describe reasons for the
establishment of the United Nations
Analyze the influence of alliances in
history
 Discuss whether injustice can be
prevented
Debate the influence of ideologies
Grades: 9
Resources
World History
Connections to Today:
Modern Era, Prentice
Hall. 1999
Chapter 14
“International
Declaration of
Human Rights” - UN
1948
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
WHII.23 Describe the German, Italian,
Literature analysis
and Japanese drives for empire in the
Write diary entries
1930s.
Position paper
A. Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia in
Create a Smithsonian Exhibit
1935
for the anniversary of the
B. the Japanese invasion of China
dropping of the atomic bomb
and the Rape of Nanking
Analyze photos, literature and
C. Germany’s militarization of the
music of WWII era
Rhineland, annexation of
Debate/mock Nuremburg
Austria, and aggression against
Trial
Czechoslovakia, the StalinTruman on trial for the bomb
Hitler Pact of 1939, and the
Holocaust memorial
German attack on Poland
 Test-Multiple choice, short
answer, true and false, essay
WHII.24 Summarize the key battles

and events of World War II.

A. The German conquest of
continental Europe
B. The Battle of Britain
C. Pearl Harbor
D. The Bataan Death March
E. El Alamein
F. Midway
G. Stalingrad
H. D-Day
I. Battle of the Bulge
J. Iwo Jima
K. Okinawa
WHII.25 Identify the goals, leadership,
and post-war plans of the allied
leaders.
A. Winston Churchill
B. Franklin D. Roosevelt
C. Joseph Stalin
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
10
WHII.28 Explain the consequences of
World War II. (H, E)
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
Content/Skills
Grades: 9
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
WWII cont’d.
WHII.26 Describe the background,
course, and consequences of the
Holocaust, including its roots in the
long tradition of Christian antiSemitism, 19th century ideas about race
and nation, and Nazi dehumanization
of the Jews.
WHII.27 Explain the reasons for the
dropping of atom bombs on Japan and
its short and long-term effects.
WHII.28 Explain the consequences of
World War II.
A. physical and economic
destruction
B. the enormous loss of life,
including millions of civilians
through the bombing of
population centers and the
slaughter of political
opponents and ethnic
minorities
C. support in Europe for political
reform and decolonization
D. the emergence of the U.S. and
the Soviet Union as the world’s
two superpowers
WHII.29 Describe reasons for the
establishment of the United Nations in
1945 and summarize the main ideas of
the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights.
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
11
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
May
Content/Skills
Cold War Era
Superpowers
Soviets/ United States
Latin America
Asia
Identify Cold War “hot spots” on
map
Analyze validity of Domino Theory
Evaluate legacy of the Cold War
Analyze the development and
proliferation of Cold War ideologies
Identify who are the new “enemies”
in the post-Cold war world
Debate whether it is possible to
maintain an equitable balance of
power
Discuss how a missile defense
systems might lead to a second Cold
War
Grades: 9
Resources
World History
Connections to Today:
Modern Era, Prentice
Hall. 1999
Chapter 16
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
WHII.30 Summarize the factors that
Cold War Puppet Show
contributed to the Cold War, including
Debate
Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe
Commercial
and the differences between democracy Political Forum Interviews
and communism.
Political cartoon
Cold War Museum
WHII.31 Describe the policy of
Cold War Mobiles
containment, including the Truman
 Test-Multiple choice, short
Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and
answer, true and false, essay
NATO, as America’s response to
Soviet expansionist policies.
WHII.32 Describe the development of
the arms race and the key events of the
Cold War era.
A. the Korean War
B. the emergence of the People’s
Republic of China as a major
power
C. the 1956 uprising in Hungary
D. Soviet-U.S. competition in the
Middle East
E. conflicts involving Cuba and
Berlin
F. the Vietnam War
G. the “Prague Spring”
H. arms control agreements
(including the ABM and SALT
treaties) and détente under
Nixon
I. the Soviet war in Afghanistan
WHII.33 Describe the Chinese Civil
War, the rise of Mao Tse-tung, and the
triumph of the Communist Revolution
in China in 1949.
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
12
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
Content/Skills
Cold War Era cont’d.
Grades: 9
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
WHII.34 Identify the political and
economic upheavals in China after the
Chinese Revolution.
A. Communist Party attempts to
eliminate internal opposition
B. the Great Leap Forward and its
consequences (famine)
C. the Cultural Revolution and its
consequences (the terror of the
Red Guards and the expansion
of labor camps)
D. the 1989 Tiananmen Square
demonstration
E. China’s economic
modernization and its growing
involvement in world trade
WHII.35 Describe the global surge in
economic productivity during the Cold
War and describe its consequences.
A. the rise in living standards
B. the economic recovery and
development of Germany and
Japan
WHII.36 Explain the various factors
that contributed to post-World War II
economic and population growth.
A. the long post-war peace
between democratic nations
B. the policies of international
economic organizations
C. scientific, technological, and
medical advances DNA, and the
Human Genome Project
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
13
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
Content/Skills
Cold War Era cont’d.
Grades: 9
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
WHII.37 Describe how the work of
scientists in the 20th century influenced
historical events, changed the lives of
the general populace, and led to further
scientific research.
WHII.38 Describe the development
and goals of nationalist movements in
Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the
Middle East, including the ideas and
importance of nationalist leaders.
A. Fidel Castro (Cuba)
B. Patrice Lumumba (Congo)
C. Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam)
D. Gamal Abdel Nasser (Egypt)
E. Jawaharlal Nehru (India)
F. Juan Peron (Argentina)
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
14
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Grades: 9
Time Table
Content/Skills
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
June
Concurrent Events
-Decolonization/nationalism
-Palestine/Israel
World History
Connections to Today:
Modern Era, Prentice
Hall. 1999
WHII.39 Explain the background for
the establishment of the modern state
of Israel in 1948, and the subsequent
military and political conflicts between
Israel and the Arab world.
A. the growth of Zionism, and 19th
and early 20th century immigration
by Eastern European Jews to
Palestine
B. anti-Semitism and the
Holocaust
C. the UN vote in 1947 to
partition the western part of the
Palestine Mandate into two
independent countries
D. the rejection of surrounding
Arab countries of the UN decision
and the invasion of Israel by Arab
countries
E. the 1967 and 1973 wars
between Israel and neighboring
Arab states
F. the attempts to secure peace
between Palestinians and Israelis
WHII.40 Identify the causes for the
decline and collapse of the Soviet
Union and the communist regimes of
Eastern Europe.
A. the weaknesses of the Soviet
command economy
B. the burdens of Soviet military
commitments
C. the anticommunist policies of
President Reagan
D. the resistance to communism
in the Soviet Union and Eastern
Europe.
Contemporary World
Chapters 17-20
Decline of Communism
End of Cold War & impact
Identify social issues:
AIDS, poverty, health care, human
rights
Identify characteristics of the global
economy
Examine how technology impacts
everyday life and the environment
Discuss the role of international
organizations in world affairs
Analyze the consequences of
religious fundamentalism
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
Decade news project
Map project
 Test-Multiple choice, short
answer, true and false, essay
15
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
Content/Skills
Concurrent Events cont’d.
Grades: 9
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
WHII.41 Explain the role of various
leaders in transforming the Soviet
Union and Eastern Europe.
A. Mikhail Gorbachev
B. Vaclav Havel
C. Andrei Sakharov
D. Aleksander Solzhenitsyn
E. Lech Walesa
WHII.42 Analyze the consequences of
the Soviet Union’s breakup.
A. the development of market
economies
B. political and social instability
C. the danger of the spread of
nuclear technology and other
technologies of mass
destruction to rogue states and
terrorist organizations
WHII.43 Identify the sources of ethnic
and religious conflicts in the following
nations and regions.
A. Northern Ireland
B. the Balkans
C. Sudan and Rwanda
D. Sri Lanka
E. Kashmir
WHII.44 Explain the reasons for the
fall of apartheid in South Africa,
including the influence and ideas of
Nelson Mandela.
WHII.45 Explain the social and
economic effects of the spread of
AIDS in Asian and African countries.
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
16
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Time Table
Content/Skills
Concurrent Events cont’d.
Grades: 9
Resources
DOE Curriculum Standard/Strand
Suggested
Assessments/Activities
WHII.46 Explain how the computer
revolution contributed to economic
growth and advances in science,
medicine, and communication.
WHII.47 Explain the rise and funding
of Islamic fundamentalism in the last
half of the 20th century and identify the
major events and forces in the Middle
East over the last several decades.
A. the weakness and fragility of
the oil-rich Persian Gulf states,
including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait,
and others
B. the Iranian Revolution of 19781979
C. defeat of the Soviet Union by
the Mujahideen in Afghanistan
D. the origins of the Persian Gulf
War and the post-war actions of
Saddam Hussein
E. the financial support of radical
and terrorist organizations by the
Saudis
F. the increase in terrorist attacks
against Israel and the United States
WHII.48 Describe America’s response
to and the wider consequences of the
September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on
the World Trade Center in New York
City and the Pentagon in Washington,
D. C.
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
17
GRAFTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Curriculum: World Civilization II
Approved CPC: February 12th, 2008
Grades: 9
18