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Jus Soli:
by birth anywhere on land
considered American soil.
Jus Sanguinis:
born on foreign soil but
your parent is a U.S. citizen.
process by which
individuals who are not yet
citizens become U.S.
Act of Congress:
can pass law naturalizing
entire group ex. 1924 all
Native Americans were
made citizens.
acquire new territory and
make the people citizens.
Ex. 1803 Louisiana
Area that is self-governing under a constitution of its adoption and
whose right of self-government will not be unilaterally withdrawn
by Congress.
Part of the United States as a territory
They are represented in Congress by a Resident Commissioner with
a voice but without a vote.
Residents of Puerto Rico generally do not pay federal income taxes
Only required to file a U.S. federal income tax return if they have
income sources outside of Puerto Rico.
Can enter the U.S., work, travel freely and live without a visa.
They cannot vote in Presidential elections.
Application-18 yrs. of age,
fingerprint, & background
check. $680.00 fee
Examination-INS office, basic
knowledge of history and
government, speak some
Swearing In-Appear before a
judge, take the oath of
allegiance, receive a
"I hereby declare, on oath, that I absolutely and entirely
renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign
prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty, of whom or which I have
heretofore been a subject or citizen; that I will support and
defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America
against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true
faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms on behalf
of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform
noncombatant service in the Armed Forces of the United States
when required by the law; that I will perform work of national
importance under civilian direction when required by the law;
and that I take this obligation freely, without any mental
reservation or purpose of evasion; so help me God."
banish a person from their native country, renounce their
citizenship, or become citizen of foreign country.
Punishment for a crime:
citizenship can be taken away for treason, inciting rebellion,
or of conspiring to violently overthrow the government.
lose citizenship if the federal government learns that a
naturalized citizen obtained his citizenship through
fraudulent means.
•No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a
Citizen of the United States, at the time of the
Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to
the Office of President; neither shall any person be
eligible to that Office who shall not have attained
to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen
Years a Resident within the United States.
•Do you agree with this provision?
individuals who live in the U.S. with intention of becoming
individuals who live in the U.S. who may not intend to be
Enemy Aliens:
countries with whom we are at war, usually made to register.
Ex. Germans-WWI
immigrants granted entry because their homeland is unsafe.
Illegal Aliens:
enter the U.S. without a legal permit.
unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners
A card that gives you the right to enter the United States.
Usually temporary set period of time, ex. business, school,
tourism, etc.
Green Card
gives a permanent status to the foreigners to live and work
in the United States. Usually 10 years.
Immigration Act passed-move to curb
Chinese immigration
INS-Immigration and Naturalization
Service (U.S. Citizenship and Immigration
Literacy test introduced-xenophobia against
Quota Act-attempt to restrict immigrants
from Eastern and Southern Europe
Displaced Persons Act (Post
McCarran-Walter Act-impose
political views to keep out
Limit immigrants from the
Western Hemisphere to
Refugee Act-help adapt to
society, admit in emergency
Curb illegal immigration, no
longer limit for political views
 Caps
on extraordinary ability individuals
ex. Arts and sciences
 Caps
on exceptional ability
ex. Advanced degrees
 Caps
on skilled workers
 Encourage family
 5,000
new border agents
 Use of wiretaps to halt document fraud and
 Penalties for smuggling to include punish for
each alien rather than incident
 Deportation of legal immigrants if on federal
assistance for 12 months
 $12 million for border fencing
Do you think immigrants should
have to speak English before they
are admitted?
Should children of illegal
immigrants be entitled to
benefits and government social
services such as medical care and
disaster relief? Drivers license?
Why not just open ourselves to
the world?
Solve world’s problems before
they reach us?
Admit only the talent we need?
Restrict all immigrants?
Europe is being flooded by
immigrants from Syria and
other middle eastern
countries ravaged by war and
Germany has grudgingly
agreed to take thousands of
these refugees.
How many potential terrorists
are involved? Why don’t they
flee to Muslim countries?
Will they agree to become
westernized? Should they?
At what point should refugees
be turned away?