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The nineteenth century saw an unprecedented surge in immigration. Immigration How do you think the journey of immigrants in the nineteenth century differed from the journey of the first people who came to settle America? How were the expectations of these immigrants different from those of settlers? Immigrants had to travel many miles to get to the United States. Immigration What kinds of uncertainties do you think immigrants had to face in traveling to the United States? Immigrants who had to travel overseas risked sickness and death traveling on ships. They didn’t know what kind of weather they would have to endure, either. Those who didn’t have to travel overseas still couldn’t be sure that they would be accepted into the United States, nor could they be sure they would find work. Immigration Why do you think European immigrants came to the East Coast of the U.S.? The largest port on the eastern seaboard of the U.S. was New York City. Some immigrants could travel outside of New York City via roads and rivers to farming areas in upstate New York. Immigration What effect do you think the Chinese Exclusion Act was meant to have on Chinese immigration? It was designed and passed to halt Chinese immigration. Step Into the Time The French dedicated the Statue of Liberty to the United States in 1886. The statue represented the concepts of liberty and freedom. These symbols may have had an influence on the decisions of potential immigrants to move to the United States to seek better lives.