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G u i d e
t o
R e a d i ng
N o t e s
Section 2
1. Foreign threats to the United States in 1789:
The British refused to abandon the Ohio
Valley. The United States was still allied with
France, which was at war with Great Britain.
2. Answers will vary. Students should adequately
justify their placement.
Section 7
2. This means we will stay out of the affairs of
other nations and avoid forming alliances.
Reasons for going to war in 1812: impressments
of U.S. sailors, national pride, making the frontier
safe for settlement
Section 3
Section 8
1. In the Jay Treaty, the British agreed to pull
their troops from the Ohio Valley. The French
viewed the Jay Treaty as a violation of its own
treaty with the United States and began to
attack U.S. ships.
1. July 1812: Congress declares war on Great
Britain.
2. Drawings will vary. Congress recruited
an army, built new ships for the navy, and
authorized warships and privateers to launch a
“half war” on the seas.
Section 4
1. President Adams sent a peace mission to
France. French leader Napoleon made peace
with the United States and ended France’s
alliance with the United States. Students’
opinions of whether Adams pursued the best
option will vary.
2. Answers will vary. Students should adequately
justify their placement.
Section 5
1. Great Britain impressed U.S. sailors to serve in
the British navy. They claimed the men were
British deserters.
2. Drawings will vary. Jefferson had to decide
whether to pay tribute to the ruler of Tripoli or
to go to war with the Barbary States.
Section 6
1. Jefferson sent warships to the Mediterranean
to protect U.S. shipping. Tripoli and the
United States eventually signed a peace treaty.
Jefferson negotiated with both Great Britain
and France. When that failed, he imposed an
embargo on all nations trading with the United States.
© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute
Sep. 1813: U.S. naval force captures a British
fleet on Lake Erie.
Aug. 1814: British army invades Washington,
D.C.
Dec. 1814: U.S. and British diplomats sign a
peace treaty in Belgium.
Jan. 1815: Battle of New Orleans
2. Answers will vary. Students should adequately
justify their placement.
Section 9
Possible answers: The United States was genuinely
concerned for the well-being of the new nations.
The United States wanted to establish beneficial
trade with Latin America. The United States
wanted Europe to stay out of the affairs of the
American continents.
Section 10
1. The Monroe Doctrine said that Europe should
not colonize any Latin American nations and
that any attempts at colonization would be
seen as a threat to the United States. Students’
opinions of whether Monroe pursued the best
option will vary.
2. Answers will vary. Students should adequately
justify their placement.
Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation 1