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Transcript
[PartsOfSpeech.pptx]
THE FOUNDATION FOR ALL OF OUR
WRITING AND SPEAKING IN ENGLISH
Major Parts of Speech
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
noun,
pronoun,
adjective,
verb,
adverb,
preposition,
conjunction, and
interjection.
NOUNS
Refer to people, places, things, including
intangible or abstract things.
Sally doesn’t use an iPhone.
Jared doesn’t eat subs.
The Earth is not the center of the universe.
PRONOUNS
Pronouns are words that replace nouns: I, me,
she, we, they, who, that, yours, his, her, it.
Pronouns need antecedents
(a noun mentioned already).
The ocean was so warm I swam in it.
ADJECTIVES
Adjectives are descriptive words that add detail
to a sentence. They describe nouns.
They can give important or necessary
information (e.g., Please hand me the blue
paper), or
they can just make the sentence more
interesting (e.g. A frigid wind blew around the
icy town).
More
VERBS
Action words or being words.
Verbs tell you what the subject of the sentence
is up to.
He ran into the wall.
She buys new shoes.
I am crazy.
PREPOSITIONS
Prepositions are little words that tell where or
when (among other things) something is.
The monkey is on his back.
The glue is behind the board.
The dreamcatcher is above the bed.
CONJUNCTIONS
Conjunctions are words like and, but, and or
that connect concepts, clauses, or parts of
sentences.
I wanted to meet her there on time, but I got
stuck in traffic.
You can’t wear socks and sandals.
INTERJECTIONS
Words like wow and yay.
Sounds we make to convey extreme emotion or to create emphasis
when we’re talking, sometimes when we can’t think of a good way to
express ourselves.
The problem with interjections is that they require a great deal of
context to be understood.
For instance, hey can mean hello, or that’s great, or stop doing that.
Hey! How’s it going?
Wow! Those fireworks are impressive.
Yay! I passed calculus!
VERB TENSES
Past, present, and future tenses.
The past is used to describe things that have
already happened (e.g., earlier in the day,
yesterday, last week, three years ago).
The present tense is used to describe things that
are happening right now, or things that are
continuous.
The future tense describes things that have yet to
happen (e.g., later, tomorrow, next week, next
year, three years from now).
TENSES (CONTINUED)
Past Pefect
I had lived there before I left.
Past tense
I lived here when I was ten.
Present tense
I live here now.
Future tense
I will live there when I am retired.
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
Singular subjects take singular verbs and plural
subjects take plural verbs.
(In this example, the subject is in bold and the
verbs are italicized.)
My brother is a doctor. My parents are yoga
teachers.
PRONOUN-ANTECEDENT AGREEMENT
When a pronoun replaces a noun, the noun is called an
antecedent.
On Michael’s first day of work, he was a little nervous.
Michael is the antecedent and he is the pronoun.
The antecedent doesn’t have to go before the pronoun, but
in longer sentences it can be confusing to introduce the
pronoun before the antecedent.
On his first day of work, Michael was a little nervous.