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Notebook 1Number _________ Mr. Graver Old World Cultures Name _____________________ Period ____________________ Chapter 3 Study Guide Ancient Egypt and Nubia You’ve learned so much about Egypt in this chapter you’re probably starting to think you ARE Egyptian! Along with tons of other stuff, you should be an expert on King Tut, Queen Hatshepsut, the pyramids, mummification, the Afterlife, and the Nile River! Study hard for this test! It’s a big one! There will be 30 Multiple Choice questions on this test! 1. What did Egyptians call their kings? Pharaohs 2. What is silt? It’s the very fertile soil that is brought down the Nile River. It’s great for farming! 3. What color was King Menes’ crown? Why was it these two colors? His crown was RED and WHITE. It signified the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. 4. How does a DYNASTY work? When the king dies, usually his oldest son (or someone in his family) becomes the next king. 5. Why was the land in the WEST important to the Egyptians? It was the “Land of the Dead.” 2 6. Why is King Tut such a famous Pharaoh? We know so much about him because his tomb was found in perfect condition! 7. What civilization conquered Queen Cleopatra VII and Egypt? The Roman Empire! 8. Define HIEROGLYPHICS – It’s Egyptian Picture writing. 9. What Social Class was the largest in Ancient Egypt? The Lower Class 10. What do we call scientists that study the stars? An Astronomer 11. Where does the Nile River end? It spills into the Mediterranean Sea 12. What do we call a series of rock filled rapids, or waterfalls, along the Nile River? Cataracts 13. Why was the “Black Land” important to the Egyptians? Where was this land located? It was rich soil that was excellent for farming. It was the land next to the Nile River. 14. What was one important thing the Egyptians did during the OLD Kingdom? They built the pyramids! 3 15. How long did Egyptian civilization last? About 3000 years! 16. What was the most important thing in the lives of the Egyptians? Their religion 17. Why is Egyptian Hieroglyphics a difficult language to read? Symbols can represent an idea, a sound, or a letter. 18. What did the Egyptians build in the city of GIZA? The Pyramids 19. What did most Egyptians do to earn a living? Most of them were farmers 20. On the Rosetta Stone, what language could archaeologists already read which helped them crack the code of Hieroglyphics? Greek 21. What did Egyptians make out of PAPYRUS? They made paper 22. The Nile River flows to the _________________________. North 23. What two rivers come together to create the Nile River? The White Nile and the Red Nile 24. Define Nile DELTA – It’s the very fertile region at the end of the Nile River where the river splits into smaller streams. 4 25. What did the SPHINX represent to the Egyptians? It represented the power, protection and strength of the Pharaoh. 26. What was an important thing the Egyptian Pharaohs did during the Middle Kingdom? They built public works projects like an irrigation system to water crops. 27. What great Pharaoh built a huge army and made Egypt bigger than it had ever been before? Thutmose III 28. How did Egyptian religion change during the Middle Kingdom? Egyptians began to believe that people from any social class could live in the Afterlife. 29. What did Egyptians do to their dead so their spirits would be able to recognize their bodies and live a peaceful Afterlife? They mummified them. 30. What was an important thing the Pharaohs did during the NEW Kingdom? They built large armies and conquered lots of land for Egypt. There will be 10 True or False questions on the test! 31. How long is the Nile River? About 4000 miles 32. What did the Egyptians call the “Black Land”? Kemet 33. What type of Egyptian scientists could predict the flooding of the Nile? Astronomers 5 34. How did a Dynasty work? When the king died, his oldest son took over as king. 35. About how long did it take to build a pyramid? Sometimes 20 years! 36. What did Herodotus mean when he said “Egypt is the gift of the Nile”? Without the Nile River, there never would have been an Egypt. 37. Why did Egyptian doctors know so much about the human body? They had the opportunity to study the human body during the mummification process. 38. What was the Afterlife like for the Egyptians? It was a comfortable place where you could eat, drink, and visit with relatives that had died. 39. Why were Pharaohs more than kings in Egypt? They were also considered gods that lived on Earth. 40. Where is Upper Egypt located? Where is Lower Egypt located? Upper Egypt is located in the south… Lower Egypt is located in the north… There will be 10 Matching questions on the test! 41. What did Alexander the Great do to Egypt? He conquered Egypt after the New Kingdom 42. Who was Ma’at? The goddess of Truth in Egyptian religion. 6 43. Who was the Egyptian Sun god? Re or Amon-Ra 44. What Egyptian god had the power to give you a peaceful Afterlife? Anubus 45. Who called Egypt “The Gift of the Nile”? Herodotus 46. What tells us that Khufu was a respected Pharaoh in Egypt? He has the largest pyramid in Egypt 47. Why was Hatshepsut a unique Pharaoh? She was the first female Pharaoh who wore men’s clothes and a fake beard. 48. Why is Jean Champollion so important to Egyptian history? The cracked the code of hieroglyphics. 49. What did Thutmose III do to Queen Hatshepsut’s statues? He had them destroyed. 50. What did Cleopatra VII do rather than be taken over by the Romans? She committed suicide.