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May 23,
2015
Directional Terms, Anatomical Planes - Dr Masoud Sirati Nir
16. Directional Terms, Anatomical Planes , Regions, and Additional Terms
EXERCISE 16- 1 Match the terms in the first column with the correct definitions in
the second column.
The answers in the second column may be used more than once.
1. anterior
a. toward the top
2. caudal
b. toward the side
3. cephalic
c. closest to the point of origin
4. distal
d. toward the front
5. dorsal
e. toward the back
6. inferior
f. away from the point of origin
7. lateral
g. toward the lower end
8. medial
h. toward the middle
9. posterior
10. proximal
11. superior
12. ventral
EXERCISE 16-2 Fill in the blanks with the correct terms.
1. The plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions is the
plane.
2. The plane that divides the body into right and left halves is the
plane.
3. The plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions is the
plane.
EXERCISE 16-3 Fill in the blanks with the correct terms.
1. The regions to the right and left of the hypogastric region are the
regions.
2. The
region is directly above the umbilical region.
May 23,
2015
Directional Terms, Anatomical Planes - Dr Masoud Sirati Nir
3. lnferior to the umbilical region is the
4. The
region.
are the regions to the right and left of the epigastric region.
5. superior to the hypogastric region is the
region.
6. To the right and the left of the umbilical region are the
region.
EXERCISE 16-4 Match the terms in the first column with the correct definitions in
the second column.
_____ 1. epigastric
a. inferior to the navel
_____ 2. hypochondriac
b. superior to the navel
_____ 3. hypogastric
c. right and left of the umbilical
_____ 4. iliac
d. right and left of the epigastric region
_____ 5. lumbar
e. right and left of the hypogastric region
_____ 6. umbilical
f. below the hypogastric region
region
g. inferior to the epigastric region
EXERCISE 16-5 Match the terms in the first column with the correct definitions in
the second column.
_____ 1. abduction
a. movement in which the limb is placed in
a straight position
_____ 2. adduction
b. pertaining to the palm of the hand
_____ 3. afferent
c. lying straight on one’s front; facedown
_____ 4. bilateral
d. state of turning outward
_____ 5. deep
e. conveying away from center
_____ 6. efferent
f. situated near the surface
_____ 7. eversion
G. pertaining to both sides
_____ 8. extension
h. state of drawing toward the middle
_____ 9. flexion
i. pertaining to the sole of the foot
_____ 10. inversion
j. conveying toward the center
May 23,
2015
Directional Terms, Anatomical Planes - Dr Masoud Sirati Nir
_____ 11. palmar
k. lying straight on one’s back: faceup
_____ 12. plantar
i. situated far below the surface
_____ 13. prone
m. state of turning in ward
_____ 14. superficial
n. pertaining to one side only
_____ 15. supine
o. movement in which the limb is bent
_____ 16. unilateral
p. about the navel
q. state of drawing away from the middle
EXERCISE 16-6 Fill in the blanks with the correct terms. The italicized words refer
to the correct answer. While examining the patient the physician did the following:
1. Brought the arm toward the middle of the body, or
the arm.
2. Examined the patient’s eyes and found
cataracts, or cataracts in both
eyes.
3. Tested the reflexes on the sole, or
side, of the foot.
4. Placed the patient on the examining table in a faceup, or
, position.
5. Noticed small hemorrhages situated near the surface of the skin and noted on
the chart that the hemorrhages were
.
6.
, or bent, the patient’s knee.
7. Turned the patient over in a facedown, or
, position.
May 23,
2015
Directional Terms, Anatomical Planes - Dr Masoud Sirati Nir
Answers key Chapter 16 :
EXERCISE 1
1. d
3. a
5. e
7. b
9. e
11. a
2. g
4. f
6. g
8. h
10. c
12. d
EXERCISE 2
1. transverse
2. midsagittal
3. coronal or frontal
EXERCISE 3
1. iliac
3. hypogastric
5. umbilical
2. epigastric
4. hypochondriac
6. lumbar
3. a
5. c
EXERCISE 4
1. b
2. d
4. e
6. g
EXERCISE 5
1.q
2.h
3.j
4.g
5.l
6.e
7.d
8.a
9.g
11.b
12.i
13.c
14.f
15.k
16.n
10.m
EXERCISE 6
1. adducted
3. plantar
5. superficial
2. bilateral
4. supine
6. flexed