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Transcript
Ch-01
Introduction:
The Meaning of Governance
Presented By
Md. Mizanur Rahman
Roll-03, GPP
CSCD
1
Topic to be Covered
 Different definitions of Governance
 Governance and Institutions
 Governance and Core Issues
 Outline of the Book
2
Etymological Meaning of
Governance
 Greek verb ‘kubernan’ means
“ to Pilot or steer”
 Latin ‘gubernare’ means “Piloting,
rule making or steering”
 Concise Oxford Dictionary defines
governance as “the act or manner of
governing; the office or function of
governing”. To govern is ‘to rule or
control with authority’
3
Definition of governance (Rhodes)
 Governance refers to self-organize,
inter-organizational networks
characterized by interdependence,
resource-exchange, rules of the
game, and significant autonomy from
the state. (Rhodes, 1997a:15)
4
Definition of governance (contd..)
(Rosenau)
 Global governance is conceived to
include system of rule at all levels of
human activity - from the family to
the international organization – in
which pursuit (search) of goals
through the exercise of control has
transnational repercussions.
(Rosenau, 1995:13)
5
Definition of governance (contd..)
(Hyden)
 Governance is the stewardship of
formal and informal political rules of
the game. Governance refers to those
measures that involve setting the
rules for the exercise of power and
setting conflict over such rules.
(Hyden, 1999:185)
6
What is governance
 New use of Governance include-state actors and institution
-Role of networks in pursuit of
common goals
-Networks could be intergovernmental or inter-organizational
7
What is governance (contd..)
 Could cover three broad fields1. Public administration and public
Policy
2. International relation
3.Comparative politics
8
Governance as a topic of Public
administration and public Policy
 Rod Rhodes’s definition can be placed
 Study the task, organization
management and accountability
structure of the public sector.
 Structured as a hierarchy, merit
based requirement and promotion
etc.
9
Governance as a topic of
relation
International
 Rosenau’s definition can be placed
 Internationalization, or globalization
of the world economy raise the extent
of control of states in her territory.
 WTO, World Bank raised the need for
global governance.
 Trade regulation, environment and
conflict resolution are the main issue.
10
Governance as a topic of
politics
Comparative
 Hyden’s definition can be placed
 It refers to systematic comparison of
political system
 Political culture
 Parties and interest groups
 Electoral behabior
11
Governance and institutionalism
 Institutionalism boils to two
assumptions of human behavior
 1. Rational behavioral Model: preference
are exogenous; the individual lists his or
her alternatives for action, decides which
alternative would best maximize utility
and then acts accordingly.
 March and Oslen have called this the
logic of consequentiality.
12
Governance and institutionalism
(Contd.)
 1. Sociological behavioral Model:
preference are endogenous; the
individual has been socialized into having
certain values and norms that determine
behavior. For instance, if an individual
grown up in working class family, he may
choose the party represents working
calss
 March and Oslen have called this the
logic of appropriateness.
13
Governance and institutionalism
(Contd.)
 In governance theory, both sociological
(cultural) and rational (calculus) approach
can be found.
 From an institutional perspective,
governance is about affecting ‘the
framework within which citizens and officials
act and politics occurs, and which shape the
identities and institution of civil society’.
 Governance is the capacity of government to
make and implement policy, to steer society.
14
Governance and Core concepts
 The rational model of behavior would
fit with an aggregate notion of
 Democracy
 Political actors converts individual wants
 Resource to collective action through
bargaining, pay-offs and coalition
formation.
15
Governance and Core concepts
(contd..)
 The sociological (cultural) model of
behavior continuously evaluated and
 Individual adapt to surrounded norms an
expectation
 Citizen perform for their common good
 Support and create civic institution and
participatory process.
16
Governance and Core concepts
(contd..)
 In short, governance is about
 Managing rules of the game to enhance
legitimacy
 This legitimacy may be derived from
democracy as well as efficiency.
 Democratic accountability to be ensured.
17
Outline of the Book
 Ch 2: Public administration and public
policy
 how policy networks come into existence
 How they function and how they change
 Ch 3: international relation
 how to establish rules and procedures that
can solve intensified globalization problem
 Combating poverty, drug-trafficking,
environment threat.
18
Outline of the Book
 Ch 4: Studies of European governance
 policy-making process in a supra-national
level; i,e, EU commission
 Efficiency in regulation of single market
 Ch 5 and 6: Comparative politics
 Role of state regulation in economy and
social development.
 Rules governing access to power, how they
change and who implement the change.
19
Outline of the Book
 Ch 7: Governance and the World Bank
 WB is engaged in development programs in
poor countries promoting “good governance”
 Democratization through responsiveness
and accountable governance
 Ch 8: Summary
 Sums up the debates and give some
recommendation to common concern and
common problem in governance theory.
20
Any Questions???
21
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