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Graceful temples: for example the Parthenon
Use of columns in building
Sculptures in ideal graceful poses
Painting on vases and other pottery featuring
elegant scenes depicting Greek life
• Sappho – love poems
• Pindar – poems celebrated great athletic
• Aschylus (526BCE-456BCE) He fought at the
Battle of Marathon and the Battle of Salamis
• Wrote Oresteia, a trilogy – (1st)about a king
who returns from the defeat of Troy. His wife
revenges the sacrificial death of her daughter
by murdering the king.
• (2nd) The king’s son avenges his father’s death
by killing his mother. The son is now pursued
by the avengers furies who torment him for
killing his mother.
• (3rd) The son is put on trial and acquitted by
Athena, the patron goddess of Athens.
• “evil acts breed evil acts and suffering is ones
lot” (Aeschylus)
• Sophocles- wrote Oedipus. The story of a man
who does not know the true identity of his
parents, kills his father and marries his mother
• Euripedes – wrote of life in Greece after the
Peloponnesian War. To him human life was
often pathetic.
• The gods ridiculous.
• His plays were very popular because he wrote
in the everyday speech of the time.
• Comedy, an amusing play or a play with a
happy ending.
• Aristophanes – wrote plays that often
ridiculed important citizens and politicians
Greek historian
Wrote History of the Persian Wars
5th century BCE
We get most all of our information from
Herodotus regarding the Persian Wars.
• Athenian statesman and military commander
• Under his leadership Athens will reach its high
point of democracy
• This era of prosperity was called the Golden
Age of Pericles
• 460 BCE – 429 BCE
• The Parthenon was built and the Greek era of
arts and literature flourished.
• 431 BCE – 404 BCE
• Resentment of other city states against Athens
developed in open war
• Sparta will lead and other city-states will follow in
fighting Athens in this disastrous war.
• This war will be long and costly.
• Sparta will defeat Athens BUT
• This war left the Greeks weakened and divided.
Greek scientist
3rd Century BCE
Founded a medical school
His work helped end some of the superstitions
and belief in magic that had stood in the way
of the study of disease.
• Physicians today swear an oath of ethical
conduct, called the Hippocratic oath, based on
one that Hippocrates drew up.
Around 1200 BCE
• Legends told how Paris, a Trojan prince, stole
Helen, the beautiful wife of a Mycenaean king.
• The Mycenaeans sent a great sea expedition
against Troy.
• The Mycenaeans after nearly 10 years of war,
built a giant wooden horse outside Troy’s walls.
• The Mycenaeans filled the horse with soldiers.
• Once inside the walls of Troy, they destroyed
• “Beware of Greeks baring gifts”