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Transcript
AGE OF LEARNING
ARTS AND ARCHITECTURE
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Graceful temples: for example the Parthenon
Use of columns in building
Sculptures in ideal graceful poses
Painting on vases and other pottery featuring
elegant scenes depicting Greek life
POETRY
• Sappho – love poems
• Pindar – poems celebrated great athletic
victories
DRAMA
• Aschylus (526BCE-456BCE) He fought at the
Battle of Marathon and the Battle of Salamis
• Wrote Oresteia, a trilogy – (1st)about a king
who returns from the defeat of Troy. His wife
revenges the sacrificial death of her daughter
by murdering the king.
• (2nd) The king’s son avenges his father’s death
by killing his mother. The son is now pursued
by the avengers furies who torment him for
killing his mother.
• (3rd) The son is put on trial and acquitted by
Athena, the patron goddess of Athens.
• “evil acts breed evil acts and suffering is ones
lot” (Aeschylus)
• Sophocles- wrote Oedipus. The story of a man
who does not know the true identity of his
parents, kills his father and marries his mother
DRAMA
• Euripedes – wrote of life in Greece after the
Peloponnesian War. To him human life was
often pathetic.
• The gods ridiculous.
• His plays were very popular because he wrote
in the everyday speech of the time.
COMEDY
• Comedy, an amusing play or a play with a
happy ending.
• Aristophanes – wrote plays that often
ridiculed important citizens and politicians
HERODOTUS
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Greek historian
Wrote History of the Persian Wars
5th century BCE
We get most all of our information from
Herodotus regarding the Persian Wars.
PERICLES
• Athenian statesman and military commander
• Under his leadership Athens will reach its high
point of democracy
• This era of prosperity was called the Golden
Age of Pericles
• 460 BCE – 429 BCE
• The Parthenon was built and the Greek era of
arts and literature flourished.
PELOPONNESIAN WAR
• 431 BCE – 404 BCE
• Resentment of other city states against Athens
developed in open war
• Sparta will lead and other city-states will follow in
fighting Athens in this disastrous war.
• This war will be long and costly.
• Sparta will defeat Athens BUT
• This war left the Greeks weakened and divided.
HIPPOCRATES
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Greek scientist
3rd Century BCE
Founded a medical school
His work helped end some of the superstitions
and belief in magic that had stood in the way
of the study of disease.
• Physicians today swear an oath of ethical
conduct, called the Hippocratic oath, based on
one that Hippocrates drew up.
TROJAN WAR
Around 1200 BCE
• Legends told how Paris, a Trojan prince, stole
Helen, the beautiful wife of a Mycenaean king.
• The Mycenaeans sent a great sea expedition
against Troy.
• The Mycenaeans after nearly 10 years of war,
built a giant wooden horse outside Troy’s walls.
• The Mycenaeans filled the horse with soldiers.
• Once inside the walls of Troy, they destroyed
Troy.
• “Beware of Greeks baring gifts”