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The Events that Started the Civil Rights Movement April 12, 2008 Margo Zeidner Powerpoint Lesson This lesson is an introduction to the events that started the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950’s and 1960’s. You will use the Web 2.0 skills we are learning in class: • To participate in a blog discussion • Navigate the internet for information • Watch videos about the Civil Rights Segregation 1887 Black -- Jim Crow laws emerge Codes are laws set by each state, they include: ･Employment was required of all freed men ･Freed men could not assemble without a white person ･Freed men were not to be taught to read or write ･Public facilities were segregated ･Violators were subject to being whipped or branded. Life in the 1950’s Racial segregation in public schools across America Most black schools were far inferior to the white schools Click to watch a video on the Brown v. Board of Education 1954 -- U.S. Supreme Court declares school segregation unconstitutional in Brown v. Board of Education ruling After the Brown vs. Board (May 17, 1954): ･ A wave of racial violence swept the South ･ Violence was directed at African American men, women, and children. Emmett Till August 1955 -- Emmett Till, a fifteen year old boy, was beaten, shot, and killed in Mississippi The murder of Emmett Till is noted as one of the leading events that motivated the Civil Rights Movement. Click to watch a video about the Death of Emmett Till ACTIVITY: Imagine that you are an African American living in the South during the 1950’s. Write about your experience in our class blog. Include what school is like for you, people you encounter, and places you can or cannot go. Civil Rights Movement 1955 -- Because of racial oppression African Americans mobilize in a mass movement: ･ Movement is first of its kind in US ･ Goal is to challenge segregation ･ Nonviolent protests were used, such as: sit ins,freedom rides, and a March on Washington ･ Average citizens from various backgrounds joined the cause Rosa Parks December 1955 -- Rosa Parks becomes famous for refusing to obey a bus driver’s order to give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. ACTIVITY: Perform a search on the internet to find the following information: · Rosa Parks’ act of civil disobedience started which famous boycott? · Who led the boycott? · What is the significance to the Civil Rights Movement? Rosa Parks Click to read the Article on Rosa Parks Activity: · In groups, discuss whether you think this type of discrimination could happen today? In our community? · Based on this discussion, are there changes you would like to see in our community? Our country? · In a word document, draft a letter about one of these changes to send to the school Principal.