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ANCIENT CHINA 2000-200 B.C. RIVER CIVILIZATION • HUANG-HE – China’s Sorrow – Loess • YANGTZE • MIDDLE KINGDOM XIA DYNASTY • YU tamed the Yellow River. • 2000B.C.-1532B.C. • BRONZE AGE SHANG DYNASTY 1532-1027 B.C. • The first historic dynasty. • Fought many wars with themselves and nomads. • Lived inside earthen walls in wood houses. (If you were a nobleman). SHANG DYNASTY • BRONZE WEAPONS • STONE AND WOOD TOOLS • CLASS STRUCTURE – NOBLEMEN – PEASANTS CHINESE CULTURE • FAMILY – EXTENDED FAMILIES • • • • MEN HAD THE POWER RESPECT FOR ELDERS MUST BRING HONOR TO THE FAMILY BRIDES MOVED INTO THE HOME OF THEIR HUSBAND’S FAMILY. • RELIGION – ANCESTOR WORSHIP/SHANG DI – DRAGON BONES-oracle bones CHINESE CULTURE • WRITING-Characters initially looked like the subject. Has changed very little. To be literate you must know at least 1000 characters. • TECHNOLOGY- Bronze weapons and bells, silk, The ZHOU • 1027 B.C. • MANDATE OF HEAVEN – DYNASTIC CYCLE • FEUDALISM – LORDS AND VASSALS ZHOU TECHNOLOGY • IRON WEAPONS AND TOOLS • COINS • WARRING STATES PERIOD – CROSSBOWS – CALVARY K’UNG FU-TZU CONFUCIUS • 551-479 B.C. • CHINA’S GREATEST THINKER • WAS CONCERNED WITH RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SUPERIORS AND SUBORDINATES. • FIVE BASIC RELATIONSHIPS • FILIAL PIETY RESPECT FOR ONE’S CONFUCIANISM • SUPERIORS- Must set a good example-must be worthy of respect and obedience. Should have integrity and generosity. • SUBORDINATES-must be loyal, obedient and respectful. • Public officials took tests on Confucian ideals to obtain positions.