Unit 3—Chapters 5 – 6 Imperialism and World War I CSS 11.4 Students trace the rise of the US to its role as a world power in the 20th century Part One CS 11.4.2 Describe the Spanish-American War and US expansion in the South Pacific Essential Question: How and why did the US take a more active role in world affairs? Imperialism Definition • domination of a country for the political, economic, or cultural benefit of another country or region Imperialism • Nations needed raw materials to build an empire • Nations needed to sell their goods to other countries • Africa, Asia, South Pacific • Nations replaced the local culture of the country with their own • British empire covered ¼ of the world • “The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire” Imperialism, con’t • Nations want places to put military bases • The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783 • Capt. Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that a strong navy was key to world power • Britain, Germany, Russia, US, and Japan Imperialism Imperialism Causes of American Imperialism (1880s – 1900) • The US didn’t want to get left out • The US sought more markets for US goods • US wanted to expand into China, Hawaii, South Pacific and Latin America • The US wanted more raw materials • coaling stations, rubber, sugar • T.R. developed the Great White Fleet to build up the US military • sent it on a world tour to intimidate our potential enemies in 1917 • Belief in Social Darwinism Can you identify three factors that lead the U.S. towards imperialism? • Economic • Political • Cultural American Imperialism Imperialism in Hawaii • American sugar planters gained control of Hawaii’s government and economy • they didn’t like paying import taxes to the US • American business groups deposed Queen Liliuokalani in 1893 • Sanford Dole became the first president of Hawaii until it became a US territory in 1898 • Hawaii became a state in 1950 Essential Question: • How and why did the US take a more active role in world affairs?