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A Study of the World’s Religions
Grade 8
Religions of the World
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Christianity: 2.1 billion
Islam: 1.5 billion
Hinduism: 900 million
Chinese traditional religion
(includes Taoism): 394 million
Buddhism: 376 million
Sikhism: 23 million
Judaism: 14 million
Baha'i: 7 million
Shintoism: 4 million
Christianity
• Main Points
• Video
• Belief in Jesus Christ as the Son of God
• Belief that Jesus rose from the dead to save us
from our sins (The Resurrection)
• Sacred text is the Bible, made up of the Old
Testament and the New Testament
• Belief that God is three persons in one Father, Son and Holy Spirit
Christian Denominations Include:
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Roman Catholic
Protestant Religions
Anglican
United Church of Canada
Salvation Army
Pentecostal
Presbyterian
Seventh Day Adventist
Mormons - Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Jehovah's Witness
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Islam
Main Points
Video
Belief that Allah is the one true God
Mohammed was Allah's prophet
Followers of Islam are called Muslims
Muslims must pray 5 times a day
Muslims must visit the holy city of Mecca at least
once during their lifetime
• Their Sacred Text is the Qu'ran
• Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset during the
month of Ramadan
• Their place of worship is a mosque
Hinduism
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Main Points
Video
Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world
Hinduism originated in India
Hindus believe in one supreme being "Brahman".
"Brahman" is represented by many gods and
goddesses.
Hindus believe in reincarnation
Hindus believe in karma
Hindus see the cow as sacred, as a symbol of life.
Hindus do not eat beef.
They have many sacred texts
Their place of worship is a temple
Buddhism
• Main Points
• Video
• Buddhists do not believe in one God, but follow the spiritual practices
set out by the Buddha.
• The Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) was a man who lived in India
between 500-400 BCE. He was considered an "enlightened one".
• Buddhist sacred texts include the Sutras, which were the teachings
and writings of the Buddha.
• Buddhist practices are set out in the Eightfold Path.
• Buddhist spiritual practices include meditation and mindfulness living in the moment, and mental discipline.
• Buddhists believe in Karma - a law of cause and effect set in motion
by human actions and thoughts.
• There are no special places set aside for Buddhist worship, as
Buddhists do not worship a God. They are more concerned with their
philosophy and way of life, and this can be practiced anywhere.
Judaism
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Main Points
Video
There is one God
Jesus was a great prophet, but he was not the
Son of God. The Jewish people are still waiting
for their Messiah
Their sacred text is the Torah
Their place of worship is the synagogue
Their religious feasts include Chanukah, Rosh
HaShana, and Yom Kipper
Jewish people follow certain dietary laws - kosher
Group Research Project on World
Religions
• Your group must create a poster that provides information
on your assigned World Religion.
• Include the following:
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Main beliefs
Place of origin
Customs and Traditions
Founder
Religious Symbols
Major Festivals
The Sacred Text
Other interesting facts
Place of Worship