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Classical music
By 1750, composers were
tired of the complicated
many-voiced music of Bach
and Handel. They were
looking for a simpler
musical language. The result
was the music of the
classical period (about 1760
to 1790): symphonies,
concertos for solo
instruments with orchestra,
and an increasing amount of
music pieces for the newly
developed pianoforte. This
instrument is an early
version of the modern piano.
Main Features
opera is the primary genre of vocal music;
new forms:
• the sonata (three- or four-movement piece);
the symphony (a long piece of classical
music played by a
large orchestra);
• the concerto;
• the string quartet.
This is the music of the
second half of XVIII early XIX century. The
most outstanding
representatives of this
period were Franz
Joseph Haydn, Johann
Strauss – the son,
Wolfgang Amadeus
Mozart, Ludwig van
Beethoven and others.
In the era of classicism
such instruments as
violin, viola, cello, flute,
oboe, clarinet, bassoon,
trumpet, trombone,
organ were common.
Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgang
Theophilus Mozart (1756—1791)
He was an Austrian composer,
an instrumentalist and a
conductor, a violinist, a
virtuoso harpsichordist, an
organist. Mozart's musical
talent emerged at a very early
age when he was about three
years. In 1779, Mozart
received a place of court
organist in Salzburg. He has
created such famous works as
"Requiem", 27 concertos for
piano and orchestra, "Eine
Kleine Nachtmusik."
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732—
Не was born on the 31st of March 1732.
He showed his talant to music in his
early childhood. He sang in the chorus
of St.Stephen’s Cathedral in Hynburgon-Dunai. Then he started to compose
music. He wrote 8 sonatas for a violin
and a piano, 83 string quartets for two
violins, an alto and a violoncello, 6
duets for a violin and an alto, 41 trios
for a piano, violins (or flutes) and
violoncellos, 21 trios for 2 violins and a
violoncello, 126 trios for a baritone, an
alto (violin) and a violoncello, 11 trios
for the mixed wind and string
instruments, 35 concerts for one or
several tools with an orchestra, 24
operas, 14 oratories, 104 symphonies
and many other works.