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17th Century Life By: Jessica (most amazing person ever) Anderson & Anthony Joseph Weyland IV Indentured servants- Migrants sent to the colonies on a deal pertaining to the cost of passage for years of work. Headright System- If you pay for a laborers passage you acquire fifty acres of land. Royal African Company- An English colony which owned a monopoly in slave trade from 1672-1698. Middle Passage- The route that transferred Africans to the colony as slaves. New York Slave Revolt- Approximately 24 slaves revolted that ended in the death of 9 whites and 21 participating blacks. South Carolina Slave Revolt (Stono River)- Over fifty slaves tried to flea to Florida but they were stopped by the states militia. Congregational Church- Self governing churches. Jeremiad- Very heated sermons, started off in New England. Leisler’s Rebellion- Merchants buck the wealthy colonist for trying to recreate a European government in the new world. William Berkeley- Created strong friendly ties with the Natives. Nathaniel Bacon-Revolts and torches the capital. Anthony Johnson- A slave that bought his freedom and owned slaves himself. Nathaniel Bacon William Berkley Anthony Johnson Virginia and Maryland had a combined population of 89,000 people that only 50% made it to 20 years of age. Disease ravaged the settlers family with a child seldom knowing a grandparent or being raised by the same two parents their entire life. Women were scarce and males were outnumbered sixty to every one female. 1.5 million pounds of tobacco was shipped from the America’s each year in the 1630’s. 40 million pounds of tobacco was shipped out each year by the end of the century. To make up for inflation on the tobacco product they produced more. The inflation of tobacco caused a need for indentured servants due to the high cost of slaves. Virginia and Maryland support the headright system to further along the institution of indentured servants. People didn’t Know the danger They were tired of being zombified by the Government. Bacons Rebellion Nathaniel Bacon a twenty-nine year old farmer was strongly against the friendly bonds with the natives. He rose up against William Berkley and torched the capital. Paintings of Bacons rebellion. Over 7 million slaves were taken to Africa on boats through the middle passage. Only about 400,000 ended up in North America most slaves went to Spanish, and Portuguese South America or the West Indies. The Royal African Company had a monopoly on slave trade. Slaves were treated like property not People They had a hard time growing rice and Indigo. Tobacco slaves had a less demanding work therefore it was easier on them physically. Native African Americans made their own culture through dialect, folk tales, and songs. A large amount of slaves were beaten and conditions were very harsh Due to the harsh treatment , work, and way of life uprisings such as the New York Slave revolt and the South Carolina Revolt that took place along the stono river, occurred. Planters were at the top of the social ladder. 70% of the families in VA legislature were there before 1690. Black slaves began to replace white indentured servants by the end of the century. A New England mother’s life is centered around her children. The governor of Massachusetts was one of twenty – seven children Their life expectancy was over triple of those in the Chesapeake area. Women married early and produced children about every two years. Many children met their grandparents. Based on small villages and small scaled farming. Any town with a population higher than fifty individuals had to provide an elementary education. Somewhere around 50% of the population could read and write. Education was a large part in transferring religious ideas. Puritans ran their own Congregational Churches. The society was based upon religious standing. Jeremiads began to spread throughout the Puritan community. A group of younger girls accused an older women of bewitching them. This resulted in the death of 20 women and two dogs. 19 were hanged and 1 was pressed to death. Women cooked, cleaned, made clothing and tended to the children. Men farmed and work on the outside of the homes they took the more physically straining work. The aristocracy of the early settlers sparked rebellions such as Leisler’s Rebellion.