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Transcript
```Periodic Table of Elements
Chapter 11
Bell Work 10/29/15
SPI 9.1 Recognize that all matter consists of atoms
1. Which of these is made of atoms?
a.an X-ray
b.oxygen gas
c.sunlight
2. All matter is made of atoms, and matter is all around you.
Matter comes in 4 states: (1) Solid, (2) Liquid, (3) Gas, and (4) Plasma.
If an item is not one of these four states, then it is not matter, and it is therefore not made
up of atoms.
Select the item below that IS NOT made of atoms.
a.Plant
b.Animal
c.Time
Bell Work 10/29/15
SPI 9.1 Recognize that all matter consists of atoms
1. Which of these is made of atoms?
a.an X-ray
b.oxygen gas
c.sunlight
2. All matter is made of atoms, and matter is all around you.
Matter comes in 4 states: (1) Solid, (2) Liquid, (3) Gas, and (4) Plasma.
If an item is not one of these four states, then it is not matter, and it is therefore not made
up of atoms.
Select the item below that IS NOT made of atoms.
a.Plant
b.Animal
c.Time
Student Learning Objectives
 SPI 9.1 Recognize that all matter
consists of atoms
 SPI 0807.9.9 Use the periodic table to
determine the properties of an element.
 TOC:
# Periodic Table Notes
# Periodic Table Intro(Placing Elements)
We can recognize all matter consists of atoms, so
how do we use the periodic table to understand the
properties atoms..
Brain pop
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
I am Dmitri Mendeleev!
TABLE !
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
What is the PERIODIC TABLE?
oThe
periodic table
shows all known
elements in the
universe.
oIt
organizes the
elements by
chemical properties.
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Compare and Contrast: Elements
The elements alone or in
combinations, make up our
bodies, our world, our
sun, and in fact the
entire universe!

Discuss
with your
elbow partner some
different elements that
make up humans and
other organisms.




Periodic Table and Classes of
Elements
Elements on the periodic table can be
grouped into families based on their
chemical properties.
Each family has a specific name to
differentiate it from the other families in
the periodic table.
Elements are classified as metals,
nonmetals, and metalloids, by their
properties.
Metals are found to the left of the zigzag
line. Atoms of most metals have few
electrons in their outer energy shell.
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Periodic Table and Classes of
Elements
 Nonmetals are found to the
right of the zigzag line. Atoms
of most nonmetals have an
almost complete set of
electrons in their outer
energy shell.
 Metalloids are the elements
that border the zigzag line.
Atoms of metalloids have
about half of a complete set
of electrons in their outer
energy shell. These are also
called semiconductors.
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Periods in the Periodic Table
The
Periodic table is organized into rows
called periods.
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Groups in the Periodic Table
It
also organized into columns called groups.
PERIODIC TABLE?
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
What is the ATOMIC NUMBER?
oThe
number of protons
found in the nucleus of an
atom
Or
oThe number of electrons
surrounding the nucleus of an
atom.
o
Atomic numbers are
arranged in numerical order.
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
What is the SYMBOL?
oThe
symbol is an
abbreviation of the element
name.
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
What is the ATOMIC MASS?
oThe
number of protons and
neutrons in the nucleus of an
atom.
How do I find the number of protons, electrons,
and neutrons in an element using the periodic
table?
o#
of PROTONS
o#
of ELECTRONS = ATOMIC NUMBER
o#
of NEUTRONS = ATOMIC - ATOMIC
MASS
NUMBER
SPI 9.1 Recognize that all
matter consists of atoms
SPI 0807.9.9 Use the periodic
table to determine the
properties of an element.
= ATOMIC NUMBER
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Hydrogen
The
properties of
hydrogen do not match the
properties of any single
group, so hydrogen is set
apart.
1 electron in the outer
level
Reactive
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Group 1: Alkali Metals
Very
reactive metals
because they easily give
away an electron, esp.
with water
1 electron in the outer
shell
Hydrogen is not a
member, it is a nonmetal
Conduct electricity
Sodium
metal
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Group 2: Alkaline-Earth Metals
Very reactive,
but are less
reactive than the
alkali metals.
2 electrons in the
outer shell
They are never
found uncombined
in nature.
Conduct
electricity
White and
malleable

EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Group 3-12: Transition Metals
 Do not give away
electrons as easily as
Groups 1 and 2
Good conductors of
heat and electricity
Some are used for
jewelry
The transition metals
are able to hold up to
32 electrons in their
second to last shell.
Can bond with many
elements in a variety of
shapes.
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Group 13: Boron Group
The
most common
element from this group is
aluminum. In fact,
aluminum is the most
abundant metal in Earth's
crust.
3 electrons in the outer
level
Solids at room
temperature
Most are metals
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Group 14: Carbon Group
Carbons
form proteins,
fats, and carbohydrates,
which are necessary for
living things.
4 electrons in outer level
Solids at room
temperatures
Contains metals,
metalloids, and a nonmetal Carbon
Silicon
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Group 15: Nitrogen Group
Nitrogen
80% of the air you
breathe!
5 electrons in the outer
level
Can share electrons to
form compounds
Contains metals,
metalloids, and non-metals
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Group 16: Oxygen Group
Oxygen
20% of air. It is
necessary for substances
to burn.
6 electrons in the outer
level.
Contains metals,
metalloids, and non-metals
Reactive
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Group 17: Halogens Group
Very
reactive nonmetals
because their atoms need
to gain only 1 electron to
have a complete outer
level.
7 electrons in the outer
level
All are non-metals
Often bonds with
elements from Group 1
Chlorine, bromine,& iodine
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Group 18: Noble Gases
Exist
as gases
Non-metals
Not reactive. VERY
STABLE! They have a full
set of electrons in their
outer level.
8 electrons in the outer
shell =FULL
All are found in small
amounts in earth’s
atmosphere.
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Lanthanides and Actinides
Some are
The rare earths
are silver, silverywhite, or gray
metals.
Conduct
electricity

EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
This
is a view down the 120-meter (394-foot) long
linear accelerator at the GSI Helmholtz Center for
Heavy Ion Research in Germany. It created the
calcium-ions used in new tests that produced element
117. For now, number 117 is the most massive element
confirmed to exist!














Activity: Placing Elements
Use pages 286 & 292-298 to color the periodic table correctly.
Color the square for hydrogen yellow. Label it “H”
Color the groups red that are very reactive metals.
Color the noble gases group orange. Label it “Noble Gases”.
Color the transition metals green. Label it “Transition Metals”.
Using black, mark the zigzag line that shows the position of the
metalloids.
Color the metalloids purple.
Use blue to color all of the nonmetals that are not part of the
noble gases group.
Color the metals in Groups 13–16 brown.
Circle the “actinides” in yellow and label it.
Circle the “lanthanides” in red and label it.
Circle the “alkali metals” in blue and label it.
Circle the “alkaline-earth metals” in purple and label it.
Circle the “halogens” in green and label it.
EQ: Do I recognize that all
matter consists of atoms?
(SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table
to determine the properties of
an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
EQ: Do I recognize that all
matter consists of atoms?
(SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table
to determine the properties of
an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
EQ: Do I recognize that all
matter consists of atoms?
(SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table
to determine the properties of
an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Exit Ticket: PLICKERS
 The atomic number is the number of
______ found inside the nucleus or
the number of ______ found
surrounding the nucleus of an atom.
A)
B)
C)
D)
Protons, Electrons
Electrons, Neutrons
Quarks, Protons
Neutrons, Hydrogen
EQ: Do I recognize that all matter consists of
atoms? (SPI0807.9.1)
EQ: Can I use the Periodic Table to determine
the properties of an element? (SPI0807.9.9)
Exit Ticket: PLICKERS
 The atomic number is the number of
PROTONS found inside the nucleus
or the number of ELECTRONS found
surrounding the nucleus of an atom.
A)
B)
C)
D)
Protons, Electrons
Electrons, Neutrons
Quarks, Protons
Neutrons, Hydrogen
```
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