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The difference
between the
beliefs of
Socrates, Plato,
and Aristotle
By: caden Bankhead
Aristotle's beliefs
His main beliefs were that :
• That metaphysical power
and action achieve an
outcome of complete
development governed •
by four kinds of causes:
• the Formal - planning
aspects:in mind, eg.
design of building.
• the Material - physical
aspects:in reality, eg.
building made of.
the Final - purpose
aspects:in function, eg.
end use of building.
the Efficient - personnel
aspects:in creators,
eg.designers, builders,
users of building.
Socrates
• The ideal life focuses on self-development,
especially the pursuit of goodness, virtue,
justice, integrity, and friendship. Materialism
is the enemy of achieving the ideal life
Plato
• The ancient philosopher
Plato was born in Athens,
Greece. Plato's beliefs and
writings contributed much
to organized study of ethics.
Plato believed that all
people in some way desired
happiness. A person's
actions do not always create
happiness but this is
because people do not
know what their actions will
produce. Happiness is a
result of a healthy soul but
moral virtue makes up the
health of the soul. People
do not always seek to be
virtuous but this is because
they do not realize that
moral virtue produces
happiness. However, Plato
set forth that if a person
knows that moral virtue
leads to happiness, he or
she should act according to
this knowledge. Being moral
or ethical, then, has its basis
in knowledge or reason. If a
person knows that virtue
leads to happiness but acts
contrary to this idea, he or
she is immoral, and immoral
behavior is the sign of a
diseased soul.
differences
•The differences are
mainly on the issues
of government and
education.
Similarities
• both Plato and Socrates were republican. both
were philosophers. I now much of Socrates
but not about Plato. Socrates was a leader, he
had followers and the Greeks blamed him for
a war. it wasn't Socrates' fault but the needed
to blame it on someone and he was against
the war. he was found guilty with a penalty of
death and had to drink hemlock.
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