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CA State Standards:
10.1 :Students relate the moral and ethical principles. In ancient Greek and Roman
philosophy to the development of Western Political thought.
10.2:Trace the development of the Western political ideas. Of the rule of laws and
illegitimacy of tyranny from Plato’s Republic And Aristotle’s Politics
Athens
-City-State
-Origins of
Democracy
-Great Greek
Philosophers:
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle
Democracy
-Rule by the masses/people
-No Leader All Decisions
made by the community
-Created in ancient Athens
-True Democracies only
work in small groups
Athenian Democracy
Composed of three main
institutions:
-Assembly of Demos
-Council of 500
-People’s Court
Socrates
What is the greatest
good?
Did not let individuals
settle for an answer.
Consistently questioned
people to force them to
think and speak up for
their ideals.
Plato
Wrote “The Republic”
Student of Socrates. Lost faith in
Athenian Democracy due to Socrates
execution.
-Society should be divided into three
classes:
Philosopher Kings
Soldiers
Workers
Aristotle
Wrote “Politics”
Student of Plato.
Believed that man is naturally
political and that tyranny is
not a legitimate form of
government.
Constitutional Government
Rome
-Origins of Law
-Republic
Government
-Justinian Code
-Twelve Tables of
Laws
Republic
A republic is a form of government in which power
rests with citizens who have the right to elect the
leaders who make governmental decisions
Twelve Tables of Laws
-Roman laws were carved
on 12 tablets and publicly
displayed.
-Why is the formation of
a written law code
necessary in a democratic
government?
-Established the idea that
all free citizens had the
right to protection of the
laws and that the laws
would be fair to all.