Anthropology 1000: General Anthropology Lesson 1 Assessment Name: MU student number: E-Mail: 35 questions, 40 points total A. Multiple-choice: Choose the one best answer. → 15 questions, 1 point each, 15 points total 1. What are the four main subfields of the academic discipline of anthropology? A. B. C. D. E. holistic, medical, forensic and linguistic anthropology sociocultural, medical, linguistic and historical anthropology archaeological, biological, holistic and feministic anthropology cultural, archaeological, biological and linguistic anthropology linguistic, medical, historical and native anthropology 2. Traditionally, what do archaeological anthropologists not study? A. B. C. D. E. trash fragments of pottery plant remains asteroids stone tools 3. How do children learn cultural traditions growing up in a particular society? A. B. C. D. E. adaptation invention investment enculturation development Anthropology 1000: General Anthropology Keycode: 2464 Lesson 1 Assessment Page 2 4. Which of the following statements about applied anthropology is not true? A. It involves the application of anthropological data, perspectives, theory and methods that identify, assess and solve contemporary social problems. B. It is concerned with the relationships between anthropological knowledge and the uses of the knowledge in the world beyond anthropology. C. It encompasses the use of knowledge and techniques from all four subfields of anthropology that identify, assess and solve practical problems. D. It aims to find humane and effective ways of helping people whom anthropologists have traditionally studied. E. None of the above. 5. The British anthropologist, Edward Tylor, said that culture is A. B. C. D. E. acquired by a people as members of society. adaptive. symbolic. transmitted genetically. at times stressful. 6. As an early student of Third-World urbanization, Robert Redfield focused on the contrasts between A. B. C. D. E. the sacred and the profane. urban and suburban communities. urban and rural life. diseases and illnesses. urban and industrial economies. 7. Which of the following is not a trait that we share with some other primates? A. B. C. D. E. a visible female estrus cycle opposable thumbs the ability to make and use tools color vision and depth perception significant parental investment in offspring 8. What do anthropologists do in the field of developmental anthropology? A. B. C. D. E. carry out other scientists’ developmental plans examine the sociocultural dimensions of economic development develop a culture as they feel it should be put the developer’s needs above the society None of the above. Anthropology 1000: General Anthropology Keycode: 2464 Lesson 1 Assessment Page 3 9. According to the textbook, real culture differs from ideal culture because it is A. B. C. D. E. the one best suited to a given environment. what people say they do. symbolic. not subject to bias. what people actually do. 10. Which of the following statements best describes ethnocentrism? A. It is the tendency to view another’s culture as superior and to use that culture’s values to judge the behavior and beliefs of people in your own culture. B. Only Western society is ethnocentric. C. It is the argument that one culture should not be judged by the standards of another. D. It is the argument that there is one central culture from which justice and morality is derived. E. It is the tendency to view your own culture as superior and to apply your own culture’s values to judge the behavior and beliefs of people in other cultures. 11. Which of the following is not a mechanism of cultural change? A. B. C. D. E. acculturation globalization independent invention diffusion enculturation 12. Which of the following factors contributed the most in the spread of AIDS in east Africa? A. B. C. D. E. prolonged contact with bonobos high rates of divorce cultural colonialism highways None of the above. 13. What does underdifferentiation refer to? A. B. C. D. E. the underuse of cultural resources in a society not differentiating between what is important and what is not in a society paying attention to cultural diversity viewing less-developed countries as the same None of the above. Anthropology 1000: General Anthropology Keycode: 2464 Lesson 1 Assessment Page 4 14. Which of the following is not a component of culture? A. B. C. D. E. rules for appropriate behavior beliefs instinct recipes for action value content 15. The principle of cultural relativism asserts that A. behaviors should be evaluated, not by outside standards, but in the context of their own culture. B. only relatives carry and transmit culture to other relatives. C. behaviors should be evaluated by outside standards. D. behaviors need to be viewed in terms of the anthropologist’s standards. E. None of the above. B. Matching terms → 8 terms, 1 point each, 8 points total (only ONE answer per question) Match each anthropological field with an associated research topic. 16. biological/physical A. hairstyles anthropologist B. gestures and facial expressions C. West Nile virus 17. linguistic D. new planet anthropologist E. large earthen mounds F. hurricanes 18. cultural G. wolf predation anthropologist 19. archaeologist Match each mechanism with the method of cultural change. 20. iTunes A. acculturation B. globalization C. stimulus diffusion 21. pidgin D. invention E. revolution 22. IMF 23. Cherokee syllabary Anthropology 1000: General Anthropology Keycode: 2464 Lesson 1 Assessment Page 5 C. List and describe the five design features of anthropology. → 5 items, 2 points each, 10 points total 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. E. Short answer List seven propositions about culture from the textbook or lesson commentary. → 7 items, 1 point each, 7 points total 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. END OF LESSON 1 ASSESSMENT.