* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Cell Respiration in Review 1.Most Eukaryotic cells produce about ___36___ ATP molecules per glucose molecule. 2. What is the process by which glucose is converted to pyruvic acid?______Glycolysis____________ 3. Before the Krebs cycle starts, pyruvic acid is broken down to a two carbon molecule called______ ________Acetyl___________ . 4. This 2 carbon molecule bonds with ___CoEnzyme______________ to form Acetyl CoA. 5. With one round of the krebs cycle it produces ____1_____ ATP, ___3_______NADH, ________2___CO2. 6. The waste product of the Krebs cycle is? ____CO2________ 7. The making of energy in the absence of oxygen is called ____Anerobic Respiration_________ 8. What is the name of the first pathway in cell respiration? ___Glycolysis________________________ 9. Where does glycolysis occur in the cell? ___Cytoplasm____________________________ 10. The making of energy in the presence of oxygen is called. _ Aerobic Respiration____________________________ 11. Yeast produces _____Ethanol__________ and _______CO2_____________. 12. In the presence of Oxygen, glycolysis precedes the _____Krebs__________________________. 13. In the absence of Oxygen, glycolysis precedes the _______Fermentation____________________. 14. In eukaryotic cells, the ETC takes place in the __________Mitochondrial Membrane_____________________________. 15. In the prokaryotic cells, the ETC takes place in the ________Cell Membrane_____________________________. 16. An important molecule that is produced by lactic acid and alcoholic fermentation that is regenerated back to glycolysis is _________NAD+_____________. 17. The ETC is driven by these two electron carrying products that the krebs cycle makes. _________NADH________ and _________FADH2_____________ 18. In cell respiration more energy is made in the ______ETC__________________ than any other pathway. 19. Where does the Krebs Cycle occur on the cell. __________Mitochondria_______ 20. What is the chemical equation for cell respiration? ___SEE NOTES__________________________________________________________ 21. 2 ______Pyruvates______________ molecules result from one glucose molecule in glycolysis. 22. In alcoholic fermentation, ethyl alcohol is produced from this molecule. _____Glucose ___________ 23. What does ATP stand for? ___Adenosine Triphosphate_________________ 24. What does ADP stand for? ____Adenosine Diphosphate________________ 25. How many ATP are produced in the ETC? _____32______________________ 26. Lactic acid buildup in your muscles occur because there is lack of ______Oxygen________________. 27. At the end of the krebs cycle, before it goes to the ETC, _____2_________ ATP, ______6______NADH, _____2______ FADH2, and ___________4_____CO2 molecules are formed. 28. Explain how the CO2 molecules and FADH2 and NADH molecules are formed in the Krebs Cycle. _When citric acid is reduced to a 5 carbon molecule the carbon bonds with O2 to make CO2. This diffuses into our bloodstream and into our lungs where we breathe it out. The H attached to the Carbons bond to the NAD and FAD to make NADGH and FADH. This also happens when the 5 carbon molecule is reduced to a 4 carbon molecule. ______________________________________________________________________________ 29. What is the name of the protein in which the Hydrogen ions move back through the mitochondrial membrane that enables ATP to be made? ______ATP Synthase________________________ 30. How many additional ATP are made during fermentation? __0_______________________ 31. Glycolysis makes ___4_______ ATP but the NET gain of ATP is ____2_____________. Explain this. ___________The process uses 2 ATP.