Download World War II - Field Local Schools

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Diplomatic history of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Foreign relations of the Axis powers wikipedia, lookup

Aftermath of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Consequences of Nazism wikipedia, lookup

Western betrayal wikipedia, lookup

The War That Came Early wikipedia, lookup

Causes of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Allies of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Consequences of the attack on Pearl Harbor wikipedia, lookup

British propaganda during World War II wikipedia, lookup

End of World War II in Europe wikipedia, lookup

New Order (Nazism) wikipedia, lookup

Economy of Nazi Germany wikipedia, lookup

Technology during World War II wikipedia, lookup

World War II by country wikipedia, lookup

German–Soviet Axis talks wikipedia, lookup

Historiography of the Battle of France wikipedia, lookup

Allied plans for German industry after World War II wikipedia, lookup

World War II casualties wikipedia, lookup

Battle of the Mediterranean wikipedia, lookup

Aftermath of the Winter War wikipedia, lookup

Ursula Kuczynski wikipedia, lookup

Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact wikipedia, lookup

Chapter 14, Section 1
 The
Axis Forms
Military force to achieve goals
Anti-Comintern Pact
– Germany and Japan
– Prevent spread of communism
– Oppose USSR
Italy joins Axis Powers later
Military alliance
Pledge aid in event of war
and Soviet Union on opposing
sides in Spanish Civil War
• No direct conflict
• Axis Powers united against Soviet Union
• Soviet leader Joseph Stalin threatened by
German expansion
France and Britain discuss possible
alliance with Soviet Union
• Stalin did not trust British or French
• In secret negotiations with Germans
Nonaggression Pact
• Each side agreed not to attack the
other; allowed further German
aggression in Europe
• Secret section divided up territory in
Eastern Europe
News shocked British and French;
Hitler definitely on the march
 September
1, 1939
Germany attacked Poland
World War II begins
Blitzkrieg or “lightning war”
 Devastating
Polish air force destroyed
Soldiers fought; no match for German
No natural barriers in the way
 Support
for Poland
Britain and France declared war on
Allies gave no real help
Poland fell into German hands
 German
troops in position
On Germany’s western border
Hitler eager for assault on France
Plans for invasion made
on France
Denmark and Norway captured; the
Netherlands and Belgium followed
Tank attack through Ardennes;
overwhelmed light resistance there
Heroic Dunkirk rescue; France
surrendered in June 1940
for Britain
Great Britain stood alone against German
war machine; Churchill now leader
Radar technology secret weapon for air
British stood firm during Battle of
Britain; Hitler called off invasion plans
June 1941, Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet
Union had initial successes
Major goals of Leningrad and Moscow not
reached before harsh Soviet winter
Soviet armies had time to rebuild and
would fight back
 Japan’s
alliance with Germany was seen
as a sign of a war plan. Japan sent forces
to Indochina to secure necessary
resources of oil and rubber. Hideki Tojo
held peace talks with the U.S. but
planned for war.
 Pearl
Surprise attack on U.S. Navy Pacific Fleet
December 7, 1941
Fighters and bombers launched from
Raid a success
Major destruction
Heavy casualties
– 2,400 dead
– 200 planes gone
– Eight battleships sunk
Three carriers survived
Attack had profound effect
Ended desire to stay out of Europe’s
War declared on Japan
Germany and Italy declare war on U.S.
Allies vs. Axis
 Why
did Japan attack the United States?
 Answer(s):
American leaders banned
the sale of oil to Japan, which threatened
Japan's future plans in French Indochina.