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Volcano: Fill in the blanks below using words from the word bank.
Word Bank:
Side Chimneys
Volcanic Cone
Lava River
A volcano is a place where lava erupts from the ___________’s surface.
Volcanoes vary quite a bit in their structure – Many are just small
_________ in the Earth’s surface while others have a ___________ at the
All of the materials from a volcano leave through an opening at the top of a
chimney called a ___________. The ___________ rises through Chimneys
in the volcano. They can be ______ ________ or the main chimney.
Sometimes, a ______ ________ runs down from the top of the volcano.
The largest _______________________ in our Solar System is Olympus
Mons on the planet _____________________. This enormous volcano is 17
_____________________ (27 km) tall and over 320 miles (520 km) across.
The earthquakes are ___________ that happen in the INTERIOR of the
Earth. They spread in all directions in the form of ___________ WAVES
(These waves are similar to the waves that we form when we throw a stone
into a lake)
Scientists also use these seismic waves to measure the strength of the
earthquake. The most dangerous earthquakes are very ___________ ones.
An earthquake starts when rocks move under the Earth’s surface, or
These rocks are called ___________ Earthquakes occur every day around
the world.
___________: It is the opening at the end of the chimney. All the
materials and the magma go out through the Crater.
___________: It is a little chimney next to the volcano.
___________: It is a tube. The magma goes out through this tube.
___________: It is the part of the volcano which is formed by the
expelled elements.
___________: It is a bag in the interior of the Earth. It is formed by
liquid elements. They are liquid because of the high temperatures and the
pressure inside.
___________: It is a river of lava that goes down from the top of the
volcano to the bottom of the volcano.