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UNIT 4: PRENATAL ISSUES Study Guide KEY
Standard FCS-FNL-2
NAME: ________________________________ Date: ___________ Period: _________
Give a definition for each term:
1. Zygote:
The fertilized human egg, when the cell is formed.
2. Embryo:
The name for the developing baby from about the 3rd week of pregnancy through the eighth week.
3. Fetus:
The stage of development that begins around the eighth or ninth week of pregnancy and lasts until birth.
In the fetus is around 3 inches long at 3 months.
4. Umbilical Cord: A long tube that connects the baby to the placenta and transmits oxygen and nourishment from the
mother’s blood to the baby.
5. Placenta:
The tissue that connects the developing baby to the uterus. It is rich in blood vessels that allow nutrients
and oxygen to flow to the baby
6. Amniotic Fluid: Liquid that surrounds and protects the developing baby in the uterus.
7. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: an incurable condition found in some children of mothers who consumed alcohol while
pregnant. It includes a wide range of physical and mental disabilities that last a lifetime.
8. Spina Bifida: a neural tube defect that is caused by a lack of folic acid/folate.
9. Pica: a condition where people crave non-food items such as clay, ice, starch, paste, etc. Caused from a nutrient
deficiency. Geohpagia- clay, Pagophagia – ice, Amylogpagia-starch, and Plumism-paint chips
10. Trimesters: parts of a pregnancy. Each trimester lasts 3 months.
11. Hemorrhoids: Swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum. It is caused by constipation because of the pressure put on
the rectum and occurs usually in 3rd trimester.
12. Constipation: Abdominal pain or discomfort, difficult and infrequent bowel movements
12. Heart Burn: The valves between the stomach and the food pipe (esophagus) are unable to prevent the stomach acids
from passing back into the esophagus.
13. Folic Acid: it is a B vitamin that can be obtained naturally through dark green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, nuts,
whole grains and fortified breads andcereals.
14. What is spina bifida? A neural tube defect that occurs from lack of folic acid/folate in the first 6 weeks of pregnancy.
16. List two harmful effects of smoking during pregnancy.
Before Birth: Pre-term labor, low birth weight and infant death. After birth: lung problems, learning disabilities and
growth issues.
17. Name one sweetener (either chemical name or product name) that is safe to consume during pregnancy.
Aspartame (equal or nutrasweet) or Sucralose (splenda)