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AP - Chapter 27 Study Guide
The Cold War
Cold War
collective security
Korean War
nuclear arsenal
desegregation of the armed forces
Spheres of Influence
Atlantic Charter
Yalta Conference
United Nations
UN Security Council
Potsdam Conference
Harry S. Truman
Truman’s “Get Tough” Policy
Chiang Kai-Shek
Mao Zedong
Truman Doctrine
George F. Kennan
Marshall Plan
National Security Act of 1947
Warsaw Pact
John Birch Society – Robert Welch
John Foster Dulles
GI Bill
John L. Lewis
“Fair Deal”
“Had Enough?”
Taft-Hartley Act
“right-to-work” laws
1948 Elections
Strom Thurmond
Thomas Dewey
film noir
nuclear power
Syngman Rhee & Kim Il Sung
Truman-MacArthur controversy
Red Scare
Alger Hiss
Richard Nixon
McCarran Internal Security Act
Whittaker Chambers
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
“Loyalty Oaths”
Joseph McCarthy
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Nixon’s “Checkers Speech”
Key Concept 8.1:
The United States responded to an uncertain and unstable postwar world by asserting and working to maintain a position of global leadership,
with far-reaching domestic and international consequences.
United States policymakers engaged in a Cold War with the authoritarian Soviet Union, seeking to limit the growth of Communist
military power and ideological influence, create a free-market global economy, and build an international security system.
As postwar tensions dissolved the wartime alliance between Western democracies and the Soviet Union, the United States
developed a foreign policy based on collective security, international aid, and economic institutions that bolstered nonCommunist nations.
Example/Key Term:
Historical Context/How it serves as evidence
Additional Examples:
Concerned by expansionist Communist ideology and Soviet repression, the United States sought to contain communism
through a variety of measures, including major military engagements in Korea and Vietnam.
Example/Key Term:
Historical Context/How it serves as evidence
Additional Examples:
Cold War policies led to public debates over the power of the federal government and acceptable means for pursuing international
and domestic goals while protecting civil liberties.
Americans debated policies and methods designed to expose suspected communists within the United States even as both
parties supported the broader strategy of containing communism.
Example/Key Term:
Historical Context/How it serves as evidence
AP - Chapter 27 Study Guide
The Cold War
Additional Examples:
Americans debated the merits of a large nuclear arsenal, the military-industrial complex, and the appropriate power of
the executive branch in conducting foreign and military policy.
Example/Key Term:
Historical Context/How it serves as evidence
Additional Examples:
Key Concept 8.2:
New movements for civil rights and liberal efforts to expand the role of government generated a range of political and cultural
Seeking to fulfill Reconstruction-era promises, civil rights activists and political leaders achieved some legal and political
successes in ending segregation, although progress toward equality was slow.
During and after World War II, civil rights activists and leaders, combatted racial discrimination utilizing a
variety of strategies, including legal challenges, direct action, and nonviolent protest tactics.
Example/Key Term:
Historical Context/How it serves as evidence
Additional Examples:
The three branches of the federal government used measures including desegregation of the armed
services, Brown v. Board of Education, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to promote greater racial equality.
Example/Key Term:
Additional Examples:
Historical Context/How it serves as evidence