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Transcript
Mr. McCormack
US History II
BIG IDEA WORKSHEET
STUDY GUIDE
CHAPTER TWENTY-SEVEN – ENTERING A NEW ERA (1992-PRESENT)
Section One: Politics in Recent Years (p 894-899)
The 1992 presidential campaign was a __________ race. Not since __________ had a __________ played such
a major role in a presidential election. (p 894)
Please describe the candidates and other features of the 1992 presidential campaign. (p 894-895)
Personal
Campaign
Election Day
Candidate
Party
Background
Issues
Results
The new president was buoyed by the fact that __________ majorities existed in both the __________ and
__________. For the first time in more than a __________, the __________ and __________ branches would
be in the hands of the same __________. (p 895)
In dealing with the __________, Clinton tried to follow a __________. He wanted to end the lingering
__________ by raising __________ or cutting __________, but he also wanted to reduce the __________ by
cutting __________ or raising __________. His budget was approved by the narrowest of margins, and
included both __________ and __________. This was not popular. (p 895)
When Clinton took office, an estimated __________ Americans had no __________. Clinton proposed the
creation of a __________ that would guarantee affordable __________ to every American. A number of
groups opposed the program, and after a __________ of debate, the plan failed. (p 895-896)
The failure of his __________ signaled trouble for the President. During the 1994 midterm elections, Georgia
Representative __________ called on Republican candidates to endorse what he called a __________. This
was a pledge to scale back the role of the __________, eliminate some __________, cut __________, and
balance the __________. In November 1994, voters gave them __________ in both houses of Congress for the
first time in more than __________. (p 896)
There was talk of a new era in American politics in which __________, not the __________, would set the
nation’s course. The Republicans demanded that the budget be balanced in __________ and proposed many
cuts in __________. Many of the bills approved by the __________ never became __________, however,
because the __________ rejected some and others were __________. (p 896)
At the end of 1995, __________ and __________ clashed over the balancing of the budget. Their failure to
compromise led to the temporary __________, disrupting __________ to millions of Americans. This battle
marked the start of another __________. Many American blamed __________ for the shutdown and began to
regard them as __________ and __________. (p 896)
In August 1996, Congress and Clinton agreed on a sweeping reform of the __________ that affected
__________ people. The new law eliminated federal guarantees of __________ and gave states authority to run
their own __________ with __________ of __________. It also established a life-time limit of __________ of
aid per family and required most adults to work within __________ of receiving aid. (p 896)
When Republicans took control of Congress in 1995, Clinton’s chances for reelection seemed __________. In
the months that followed, Clinton worked to show that he was not a “__________.” His Republican opponent
was __________, the __________ and a respected member of __________ for __________. __________ again
entered the race, this time as the nominee of the newly created __________. (p 896-897)
As the election approached, Clinton maneuvered several __________, including one raising the __________,
through Congress. The __________ had become strong, which worked in his favor. On election day, Clinton
won __________ percent of the popular vote and __________ electoral votes. Dole won __________ percent
of the popular vote and __________ electoral votes. Perot won __________ percent of the popular vote and
__________ electoral votes. (p 897)
Charges of __________ in Clinton’s first term, which __________ had emphasized in the 1996 campaign,
continued into the new administration. In what came to be known as the __________, Clinton was accused of
having taken part in __________ and __________ years earlier and of using his influence as __________ to
block the investigation. Attorney General __________ appointed a __________ to investigate. Consequently,
some of Clinton’s __________ were convicted of various crimes. __________ was found to link the President
to those crimes. (p 897)
Another charge against Clinton was that he accepted __________ in exchange for __________. A Senate
committee found violations of __________ by members of __________, but no link to the President. (p 897)
The year 1998 began with good news: the government had achieved its first __________ since 1969. Later that
year, however, a __________ erupted that led to only the second __________ of a President in history. (p 897)
The crisis arose when __________, the __________ who had been investigating the __________, investigated
the relationship between Clinton and Monica Lewinsky, a __________. Under __________ in a separate
__________ lawsuit, Clinton denied an affair occurred. He denied it again to a __________ in August.
Eventually, Clinton admitted to having “__________” the country with those lies. (p 897)
This led to a bitterly __________ debate in the House of Representatives and throughout the __________.
While most Americans __________ Clinton’s actions, a __________ believed he should not be __________.
On December 19, the House voted to impeach Clinton on charges of __________ and __________. On
February 12, 1999, though, the Senate voted to __________ the President. (p 898)
Clinton’s support was bolstered by an unprecedented __________ that constituted the longest period of
__________ in American history. While the economy continued to __________, both __________ and
__________ remained low. (p 898)
The mixture of a __________ and a __________ presidency promised a close __________ in 2000. The
Democrats’ candidate, __________, lacked the kind of __________ that allowed Clinton to rise above scandals.
Republicans spoke of returning __________ and __________ to the White House. Their nominee was
__________ Governor __________. (p 898)
On election night the votes in several states were __________. One undecided state, __________, would
determine the outcome. The close result there triggered a state law that required a __________, and for
__________ days both sides argued over how to proceed fairly. Eventually, the __________ discontinued all
__________ and secured the presidency for __________. Oddly, __________ had won the popular vote but
lost in the Electoral College. (p 898)
The new president preferred to __________ more responsibility to advisors and staff. He also gave his
__________, __________, an unprecedented role in setting __________. In domestic policy, he succeeded in
getting a major __________ (the __________ in history) and a major __________ reform bill. (p 899)
Section Two: The United States in a New World (p 901-909)
As you read, complete this chart showing how events around the world impacted the United States. (p 901-906)
Nation or
Developments
Region
Russia
Eastern
Europe
Africa
China
Yugoslavia
Northern
Ireland
Israel
In the 1990s, most Americans believed __________ was immune to the kind of __________ that wracked other
parts of the world. That opinion changed radically when __________ struck at targets in __________ and just
outside __________ on __________. (p 906)
Using hijacked __________ as weapons, the __________ crashed into New York’s __________ and the
__________, while a fourth __________ crashed in a field near __________. A total of __________
passengers and crew lost their lives. Another __________ people in the __________ were killed, and an
estimated __________ died in the __________. (p 906)
__________ agencies immediately began an __________ as __________ around the world pledged to support
efforts to track down those responsible. Within days, officials named __________, a wealthy __________, as
the prime suspect. He led a network of __________ known as __________ and was believed to be hiding in
__________. (p 906)
After the __________ withdrew from __________ in 1989, the __________ there continued. In 1996 a group
of __________ called the __________ seized __________, the capital. Their leaders sought to create their
version of a pure __________ and banned such things as __________ and __________. (p 906-907)
They also provided __________ for __________, who established __________ in the countryside. The US
demanded that the __________ shut down those camps and turn over __________ and other __________.
Those demands were refused, so the __________, along with __________, launched a __________ known as
“__________.” After just two months, __________ and __________ defeated the __________, ending their
rule. Though __________ was not found, defeating them was the first victory in the war on terrorism. (p 907)
The president also moved quickly to combat terrorism at __________. Less than a month after 9/11 he created
the Office of __________ to be headed by __________ Governor __________. Around this time the country
faced a wave of mysterious attacks using __________ in letters mailed to the __________ and __________.
These attacks opened American’s eyes to the dangers of __________. (p 907)
Congress then elevated this Office and renamed it the __________. It merged __________ existing agencies,
including __________, __________ (including __________), __________, and __________. The most
obvious effects of the department’s efforts could be found at __________ across the country. (p 907)
The president warned __________ to stop developing __________ and declared __________, __________, and
__________ to be part of an “__________ of __________.” (p 908)
The president turned his attention to __________ where __________ continued to brutally oppress his own
people and refused to __________ with __________ sent to monitor his weapons. Bush reminded people of
this and publicly linked __________ to __________. In October 2002, Congress passed a __________
authorizing the president to use force against __________. (p 908)
The US, __________, __________, and other countries sent troops to the __________ region. The war, dubbed
“__________” started on March 19, 2003. Within __________ American troops were in __________. On May
1, the president declared that __________ operations had ended. __________ was finally captured in
__________. Sadly, the occupation would prove more difficult than the war. (p 909)
Section Three: Politics in Recent Years (p 910-917)
The Latin motto of the United States is __________, meaning __________. That motto reflects the patterns of
the nation’s __________ and the possibilities for its __________. Creating __________ out of __________
remains one of the nation’s greatest challenges. (p 910)
As the 21st Century began, about __________ of the nation’s people were either __________, __________,
__________, or __________. Changes to __________ contributed to this growing diversity. The __________
of 1965 eliminated a bias that favored __________ immigrants. Another law in 1986 sought to reduce
__________ by forbidding __________ to hire __________, though it also legalized those who had been living
in the country since __________. A third law in 1990 increased __________ by __________ and erased
__________ that had denied entrance to many people in the past. (p 910)
In 2000, __________ accounted for __________ percent of the total population of the nation’s __________
cities. That same year, __________ surpassed __________ as the country’s largest minority. Minorities also
represented the majority of the people in __________, __________, and __________. __________ also nearly
joined the ranks of __________ states. (p 911)
Please summarize how immigration impacts each of the following public policy issues. (p 912)
Jobs
Services
Assimilation
Another heated debate concerned __________. Some argued that giving __________ to some groups was
__________ to everyone else. Claims of __________ led to __________ and __________ that steadily
weakened the programs. (p 912)
The population of the United States is now __________ than ever before. Advances in __________ increased
the average __________ from __________ to __________ years during the 1900s. The percentage of
Americans over age 65 __________ from 1900 to 2000. This __________ has important effects. The
__________, for example, faces difficulties because the number of __________ receiving benefits from the
program is rising faster than the number of __________ paying __________ into it. This is also posing
problems for the nation’s __________. (p 912-913)
In the last several decades, the invention of more ways to __________, __________, and __________
information has created a new era in communications known as the __________. The centerpiece of this age is
the __________. The __________ has revolutionized many areas of American life. (p 913)
The United States enjoyed the greatest period of __________ in its history during the 1990s, thanks in large part
to the __________. In 2001, however, businesses sharply __________ their spending on __________. In the
resulting __________, many companies failed. In this “__________” the demand for workers with __________
grew, but fewer positions exist for __________. __________ has never been as important to __________ as it
is now. (p 913)
The new technologies left their marks on Americans’ __________. Many people kept in touch with friends
through __________ more than through __________ or __________. They took __________ or __________
along with them every day. They used the __________ to __________, to look for __________, or to find
everything they needed to __________. (p 914)
Please describe each of the following international initiatives. (p 915)
Initiative
Origins
Purpose/Effect
European
Union
NAFTA
GATT &
WTO
__________ benefit __________ and __________ around the world by providing __________ and __________
and by introducing advanced __________ and __________ methods. On the other hand, these powerful
__________ sometimes skirt the __________ by using their __________ to unduly influence __________ or by
devising dishonest ways to keep __________ growing. (p 916)