THE POLITICS OF ABORTION AND THE RISE OF THE NEW RIGHT
... Roe, Stanton and his anti-abortion allies founded Massachusetts Citizens for Life, Inc.4
Once incorporated, the organization's founders analyzed the Supreme Court decisions
and debated movement strategies at meetings that, according to one of the male founders,
“lasted so long that the shag carpet ...
Captured by Evil: The Idea of Corruption in Law
... engaged in simple theft or tax evasion) to be “corrupt.” Although “corrupt” acts may be a subset
of “illegal” acts, the meaning of these two ideas is clearly not the same.
Indeed, the lack of congruence between “illegality” and “corruption” is evident even when
we limit our consideration to illegal ...
here - HiWAAY Information Services
... Democrat-Republican from Maryland, ·19 introduced the Titles of
Nobility Amendment.40 The original text of the Amendment, as
introduced by Senator Reed, read: "If any citizen of the United States
shall accept of any title of nobility, from any king, prince, or foreign
state, such citizen shall thenc ...
STEPHENS-DISSERTATION-2016 - The University of Texas at
... The concept of trust has been studied in fields ranging from sociology,
psychology, political science, and political communication. Intriguingly, the relational
component is common to how all of these fields approach trust. Across disciplines, then,
trust is not a solo activity; it requires two part ...
Economic voting and the Great Recession in Europe
... widely implemented. In the following years, a number of governments suffered memorable
defeats at the ballot box (Kriesi 2014). Decades of economic voting theory have established
that voters punish governments electorally when economic conditions are poor but the Great
Recession is of a much greater ...
The Purposes of Framework Legislation
... decisions. The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA), an amendment to the
budget laws, deals primarily with directives from the federal government to subnational
governments, in particular mandates that are not accompanied by federal funding. It
requires that significant intergovernmental mand ...
political trust and trustworthiness
... 1995, Hetherington 1998, Luks & Citrin 1997); and the fact that, for whatever
reason, Americans had increasingly come to judge politicians as selfish and unresponsive to citizens’ concerns (Craig 1993, Lawrence 1997). Evidence in support
of these ideas comes from studies evaluating differences in tr ...
... political parties and interest groups such as
the League of United Latin American
Citizens (LULAC), the National Rifle
Collective Bargaining Laws as Agents of Political Mobilization
... To date, however, the effect that government policies can have in promoting and
subsidizing the efforts of unions to mobilize their supporters in politics has received little
scholarly attention. In this paper, we demonstrate that the decision by many state governments in
the 1960s and 1970s to mand ...
Redeeming and Living with Evil
... Part I of this Essay elaborates and strengthens the case Balkin, in
particular, makes for constitutional redemption. Constitutional Redemption offers the best and most sober perspective on how the Constitution promotes complicity with perceived injustice and blinds citizens to the degree of constitu ...
How Cubans Transformed Florida Politic and Leveraged Local for
... this reason prioritized their anti-Castro mission over immigrant concerns in
general and concerns of nonCuban Hispanics in particular.
Cuban Americans wielded influence through the Cuban American National
Foundation, commonly called the Foundation, between the early 1980s and early
2000s. The charis ...
the anti-corruption principle
... Scalia has argued that the concept of corruption has become logically
unsustainable;3 Justice John Paul Stevens (as well as several commentators) has attempted to cram it into equality frameworks instead of
corruption standing alone.4 Justice Clarence Thomas has offered to
do us a service and throw ...
- ScholarlyCommons - University of Pennsylvania
... of this increased polarization and partisanship, members of Congress are less able and less willing to forge the
personal relationships that are necessary for Congress to function. These relationships make Congress more
effective as an institution and result in the body passing more productive legis ...
The Effects of Repression, Political Violence, and Pain and Loss on
... Tate (1994) have documented the rapid growth of the study of repression per se, especially
measured as the human rights performance of regimes.3 Other research explores how economic
development levels, regime type, ideology, and interests shape governmental human rights
performance (e.g., Petras et ...
Political Polarization as a Social Movement Outcome: 1960s Klan
... 1960s experienced greater increases in
Republican voting in the immediate aftermath
of the movement’s peak resistance to civil
rights advances, compared to southern counties where the Klan did not have a presence.
These increases in Republican voting should
sustain over time, even when controlling f ...
The Positive Political Theory of Law - SIEPR
... Realist legal theories regard law as made by humans to serve the objectives of those who
make law, and all normative Realist theories evaluate law according to the extent to
which it conforms to some version of a liberal theory of justice. But Realist schools
differ in their assumptions, logic and c ...
Democracy: An Institution Whose Time Has Come-
... tained 400,000 people." For members of this select group, democracy
meant direct individual participation in the legislative process by taking
part in the deliberations of the Assembly which met forty days a year.
Five hundred Athenian citizens were chosen annually by lot to serve in
the Assembly.'8 ...
Mark scheme - Edexcel
... • they will also try to secure prominent endorsements, e.g. Oprah Winfrey’s
endorsement of Barack Obama in November 2007
Evidence for its significance includes:
• a strong showing in the invisible primary is essential: by December 2007, the
Democratic field had been reduced to three (and realistical ...
Raymond Tatalovich - Loyola University Chicago
... Policy Studies Review (with S. Mezey and M. Walsh) 13 (Spring/Summer, 1994), 111-126.
"Who Sponsors Official English Language Legislation?: A Comparative Study of Fourteen States,"
Southeastern Political Review XXI (Fall 1993), pp. 721-735.
"The Lowi Paradigm, Moral Conflict, and Coalition-Building: ...
Coalition-Building and the Politics of Electoral Capture During the
... groups that are highly mobilized.9 Moreover, national electoral battles are
fought not in one winner-take-all election, but in fifty, separate winnertake-all electoral colleges. As a result, the median, or swing, voter can vary
from state to state, requiring parties to make specific appeals to vario ...
Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior
... From Kosovo to Kabul, the last decade has witnessed growing interest in ‘electoral
engineering’. The end of the Cold War, the global spread of democracy, and new thinking about
development spurred this process. During the late 1980s and early 1990s the flowering of
transitional and consolidating thi ...
... to predict, and nearly impossible to control. Public opinion is the aggregate of individual
attitudes or beliefs about certain issues or oﬃcials, and it is the foundation of any democracy.
Of course, the electorate expresses its opinion primarily through voting, and elections
are the most visible me ...
Oxford Handbooks Online APD and Rational Choice APD and Rational Choice
... approach was in many ways the polar opposite of the prevailing behavioral approach of the time. While both
approaches took the individual as the base unit of analysis (or theoretical building block), the RC approach
replaced behavioralism’s “passive man,” nudged by his surroundings toward some outco ...
The Business of Democracy is Democracy
... gestures to the conceptualizations of economics are just this. After all, “the empirical methods of
economics” (4) are notoriously hypothetical and abstract. He rejects “abstractions common in
law talk such as fairness, justice, autonomy, and equality” (79). But are “interest”, “efficiency”,
Electoral reform in the United States
Electoral reform in the United States refers to efforts to change American elections and the electoral system used in the United States.Most elections in the U.S. select one person; elections with multiple candidates selected by proportional representation are relatively rare. Typical examples include the U.S. House of Representatives, whose members are elected by a plurality of votes in single-member districts. The number of representatives from each state is set in proportion to each state's population in the most recent decennial census. District boundaries are usually redrawn after each such census. This process often produces ""gerrymandered"" district boundaries designed to increase and secure the majority of the party in power, sometimes by offering secure seats to members of the opposition party. This is one of a number of institutional features that increase the advantage of incumbents seeking reelection. The United States Senate and the U.S. President are also elected by plurality. However, these elections are not affected by gerrymandering (with the possible exception of presidential races in Maine and Nebraska, whose electoral votes are partially allocated by Congressional district.)Proposals for electoral reform have included overturning Citizens United, public and citizen funding of elections, limits and transparency in funding, Instant Runoff Voting (IRV), public or citizen funding of news, a new national holiday called ""Deliberation Day"" to support voters spending a full day in structured discussions of issues and candidates, abolishing the U.S. Electoral College or nullifying its impact through the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, and improving Ballot access for third parties, among others. The U.S. Constitution gives states wide latitude to determine how elections are conducted, although some details, such as the ban on poll taxes, are mandated at the federal level.