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Name: Card Marking Four Test Review 2014-2015 1. Look at the maps below showing Europe in 1914 and in 1919: Which factor was the most significant force in causing the changes between 1914 and 1919 as shown on the two maps above? 2. What was the immediate cause of WWI? 3. How are the Russian Revolution and WWI connected? 4. How did the map of Europe change after WWI? 5. Why was the Balkan region referred to as the “Powder Keg of Europe” prior to World War I? 6. What are the three elements of the Treaty of Versailles for Germany? a. b. c. 7. Which philosophy of the US government was most responsible for delaying US involvement in both World Wars? 8. What three countries were aggressively expanding and empire building: 9. Give an example of appeasement that did not prevent war. 10. Study the list of events below and then answer the question that follows. Japan resigns from the League of Nations, 1933 Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis formed, 1936 Japan invades China, 1937 United States places embargo on scrap iron, steel, and oil exports to Japan, 1941 Which event occurred immediately after the series of developments listed above? 11. List three causes of WWII: 12. What was the purpose of the Nuremberg Trials after WWII? 13. What role did the Treaty of Versailles play in creating WWII? Answer the two questions below based on your prior knowledge and the two maps on this page. The map on the top shows what the political boundaries in Africa looked like between 1885 and 1914. The map on the bottom shows the modern political boundaries of Africa. 14. What happened to Africa in the1885-1914? (term) 15. What change happened to Africa in the last hundred years to change the map? (term) 16. Who are three people Gandhi influenced? 17. What inspired Africa to fight for their independence? 18. Give an example of decolonization? Read the statement below and then answer the question that follows: “…The Nazi holocaust, which engulfed millions of Jew in Europe, provided anew the urgency of the re-establishment of the Jewish state, which would solve the problem of Jewish homelessness by opening the gates to all Jews and lifted the Jewish people to equality in the family of nations…” 19. The above statement is referring to the creation of which nation? List four countries that had a genocide in the 20th century: 21. Why is the main reason the Holocaust is considered unique event to modern European history? 20. 22. What two groups were involved in the Rwandan Genocide? 23. What is the purpose of the United Nations? 24. What country did Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge lead a genocide in? 25. What historical event coined the term “Genocide”? 26. Study the list of events below and then answer the question that follows: Creation of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and the Warsaw Pact Construction of the Berlin Wall Cuban missile crisis The events listed above are most closely associated with: List four countries were the cold war “heated up”: 28. What event signified the end of the Cold War? 27. 29. What two countries were considered super power after WWII? 30. Why was Great Britain no longer a super power in the 1950s? 31. What does the term iron curtain refer to? 32. Fidel Castro was able to gain power in Cuba because he gained the support of? 33. Under which horrible system did South Africa operate and Nelson Mandela fight against? 34. Why have countries like North Korea and Iran attracted a lot of attention in the last few years?