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Poetic Terms (a.k.a. Literary Devices) Guide Alliteration Assonance Blank/Free Verse Consonance Figurative Language Hyperbole Iambic Pentameter Imagery Limerick Literal Language The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or syllables. The repetition of vowel sounds in words. Poetry written in free form and without an obvious structure. The repetition of a consonant sound anywhere in words or syllables. Words or groups of words that exaggerate or alter the usual meanings of the component words. The use of obvious or intentional exaggeration for special effect. A line of poetry with 5 iambic feet (iambic foot=a weak syllable followed by a strong syllable). Descriptive language used in writing to create pictures through details of light, sound, touch, taste, and/or smell. A rhyming, humorous, and often nonsensical five-line poem that follows a prescribed rhyme scheme. Words or groups of words that do not deviate from their defined meaning. Metaphor A figure of speech in which something is spoken of as though it is something else (without using “like” or “as”). The use of words that imitate sounds. Onomatopoeia Oxymoron Personification Refrain A figure of speech that combines opposing or contradictory ideas. The giving of human qualities to nonhuman things. A repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song, usually for suspense or to emphasize the theme. A regular pattern of rhyming words. Rhyme Scheme Simile Sonnet Symbol Theme Tone A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two subjects using “like” or “as.” A fixed verse form of poetry consisting of 14 lines that are typically 5-foot iambics rhyming according to a prescribed rhyme scheme. An object, character, or event that stands for something else. A central message or insight into life revealed by a literary work that is usually not directly stated. The feeling or mood given to the reader by a literary work.