Download STI

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Hospital-acquired infection wikipedia, lookup

Childhood immunizations in the United States wikipedia, lookup

Neonatal infection wikipedia, lookup

Hepatitis C wikipedia, lookup

West Nile fever wikipedia, lookup

Hepatitis B wikipedia, lookup

Marburg virus disease wikipedia, lookup

Chickenpox wikipedia, lookup

Sjögren syndrome wikipedia, lookup

Globalization and disease wikipedia, lookup

Transmission (medicine) wikipedia, lookup

Traveler's diarrhea wikipedia, lookup

Ebola virus disease wikipedia, lookup

Henipavirus wikipedia, lookup

Infection control wikipedia, lookup

Multiple sclerosis signs and symptoms wikipedia, lookup

Rheumatoid arthritis wikipedia, lookup

Urinary tract infection wikipedia, lookup

Common cold wikipedia, lookup

Ankylosing spondylitis wikipedia, lookup

Herpes simplex wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Sexually Transmitted Infections
(STIs)
Any disease or infection that is spread through sexual contact
STI
Chlamydia
Viral,
Bacterial,
or
Parasitic
Bacteria
(curable)*
Symptoms
Female:
 may not show symptoms
 increased vaginal discharge
 abnormal vaginal bleeding
 pain/bleeding during/after intercourse
 pain when passing urine
 pain in lower abdomen
Transmission
 unprotected
vaginal, oral, or
anal sex
Helps Prevention
 abstain from intercourse
 use of condoms reduces
risk
Male:
 may not show symptoms
 watery/cloudy discharge from penis
 increased frequency/pain when passing
urine
 tingling/itching inside penis
 pain in testicles
Gonorrhea
Bacteria
Also called
— the “clap”
— a “dose”
— a “drip”
(curable)
Female:
 may not show symptoms
 increased vaginal discharge
 abnormal vaginal bleeding
 pain/bleeding during/after intercourse
 pain when passing urine
 pain in lower abdomen
 unprotected
vaginal, oral, or
anal intercourse
 abstain from intercourse
 use of condoms reduces
risk
Male:
 may not show symptoms
 yellowish-green discharge from penis
 increased frequency/pain when passing
urine
 tingling/itching inside penis
 pain in testicles
Hepatitis B
Virus:
hepatitis B
virus (HBV)
(treatable)**








may not show symptoms
fatigue
fever
jaundice (yellowing of skin and whites
of eyeballs)
dark urine/pale stools
abdominal pain
nausea/vomiting
poor appetite
 unprotected


vaginal, oral, or
anal sex
sharing needles
mother to child
 hepatitis B vaccine
 abstain from intercourse
 use of condoms reduces
risk
 do not share needles,
toothbrushes, or razors
 avoid tattoos
(continued)
Sexually Transmitted Infections
(STIs) (continued)
STI
Herpes
Human
immunodeficiency
virus (HIV)
Human
papilloma
virus (HPV)
Viral,
Bacterial,
or
Parasitic
Symptoms
Virus: herpes
simplex virus
(HSV)
 tingling/itching in genital area
 tiny painful blisters/sores in genital
(treatable)

Virus: HIV
(treatable)
Virus: HPV
(treatable)





 skin-to-skin
contact
illnesses, infections, cancers
diarrhea
shortness of breath
fever
swollen glands
Helps Prevention
 abstain from
intercourse
 use of condoms reduces
area
cold sores/fever blisters on the lips
(type 1)
 may not show symptoms
 “cauliflower-like” appearance of warts
risk
 avoid contact during an
outbreak
 unprotected


vaginal, oral, or
anal intercourse
sharing needles
mother to child
 skin-to-skin
contact
grouped around anus, vagina, vulva,
cervix, and on shaft of penis
Also called
— genital warts
— venereal warts
— condyloma
Pubic lice
Transmission
 abstain from
intercourse
 use of condoms reduces
risk
 do not share needles,
toothbrushes, or razors
 abstain from skin-to

Tiny insects
(crabs)
 itching in genital area
(curable)
Syphilis
Bacteria
Also called
— “bad blood”
— the “pox”
(curable)
 skin-to-skin

 stage 1: painless shallow sore (chancre)


at site of infection
stage 2: rash or mucous patches on
palms of hands/soles of feet, swollen
glands
stage 3: heart disease, blindness,
paralysis
contact
scratching
 unprotected

vaginal, oral, or
anal sex
mother to child
skin contact and
intercourse
use of condoms reduces
risk
regular pap tests help
for early detection
 abstain from skin-toskin contact and
intercourse
 abstain from
intercourse
 use of condoms reduces
risk
* curable—the disease goes away or is eliminated with medical care.
** treatable—symptoms are reduced with treatment, but the disease does not go away.
_________
References:
Ontario Physical and Health Education Association (OPHEA). Ontario Health and Physical Education Curriculum Support: Grades K-10.
Toronto, ON: OPHEA, 2000.
Ottawa, City of. People Services Department. Teaching Sexuality Resource Kit. 2nd ed. Ottawa, ON: City of Ottawa, People Services
Department, 2002.
Planned Parenthood Federation of Canada. Beyond the Basics: A Sourcebook on Sexual and Reproductive Health Education. Ottawa,
ON: Planned Parenthood Federation of Canada, 2001.